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[1]刘俊杰,吕倩,沈逸,等.目标树初期经营对杉木人工林林下植物多样性和土壤理化性质的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2021,27(02):408-415.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2020.02014]
 LIU Junjie,L? Qian,SHNE Yi,et al.Early effects of target tree management on plant diversity and soil physicochemical properties in a Cunninghamia lanceolata plantation[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2021,27(02):408-415.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2020.02014]
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目标树初期经营对杉木人工林林下植物多样性和土壤理化性质的影响()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
27卷
期数:
2021年02期
页码:
408-415
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2021-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Early effects of target tree management on plant diversity and soil physicochemical properties in a Cunninghamia lanceolata plantation
作者:
刘俊杰吕倩沈逸刘江丽侯侨陈雨芩范川李贤伟
1四川农业大学林学院 成都 6111302长江上游森林资源保育与生态安全国家林业局重点实验室(四川农业大学) 成都 6111303长江上游林业生态工程四川省重点实验室 成都 611130
Author(s):
LIU Junjie1 L? Qian1 SHNE Yi1 LIU Jiangli1 HOU Qiao1 CHEN Yuqin1 FAN Chuan1 2 3 & LI Xianwei1 2 3?
1 College of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China2 Key Laboratory of National Forest Service on Forest Resources Conservation and Ecological Safety in the Upper Reaches of the Yangtze River (Sichuan Agricultrual University), Chengdu 611130, China3 Forestry Ecological Engineering in the Upper Reaches of Yangtze River Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu 611130, China
关键词:
杉木人工林目标树密度目标树经营土壤理化性质林下植物多样性
Keywords:
Cunninghamia lanceolata plantation target tree density target tree management soil physicochemical property undergrowth plant diversity
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2020.02014
摘要:
目标树经营为近自然林业的重要手段,研究其林下植物多样性与土壤理化性质对目标树经营密度的响应机制对于人工林经营有着重要的参考意义. 以宜宾市高县月江国有林场杉木人工林为研究对象,分析3种不同目标树密度(100株/hm2、150株/hm2、200 株/hm2)在经营1年后的林下植物多样性和土壤理化性质的变化情况. 结果显示:(1)目标树经营后,灌木层植物生态优势度指数、多样性指数、丰富度指数均有显著增加(P < 0.05),阳生性的灌木与草本物种开始出现,森林植被组成向健康的演替方向发展;(2)目标树经营各处理均显著提高了土壤总孔隙度、非毛管孔隙、全氮、有机质、速效钾(P < 0.05),土壤水解氮有显著下降(P < 0.05);(3)植物各多样性指数与土壤全氮、速效钾、有机质密切相关. 本研究表明杉木人工林目标树经营初期在不同处理水平下表现变化不一,但总体表现为对林下植被多样性与土壤理化性质改善作用良好. (图3 表4 参52)
Abstract:
Tree density management is an important aspect of near-natural forestry, and the response mechanisms of the diversity of undergrowth vegetation and the physical and chemical properties of soil to target tree density management has significance as a reference for the management and transformation of artificial forests. Taking the Cunninghamia lanceolata plantation in the Yuejiang state-owned forest farm of Gaoxian County, Yibin City, China as the research area, we analyzed the changes in plant diversity and soil physical and chemical properties of three different target tree densities (100 plants/hm2, 150 plants/hm2, 200 plants/hm2) after one year of target tree management. The results show the following: (1) After target tree management, the ecological dominance index, diversity index, and richness index of undergrowth plants all increased significantly (P < 0.05), sunny shrub and herb species began to appear, and the composition of forest vegetation developed towards healthy succession; (2) In the early stage of target tree management, the total porosity, non-capillary porosity, total nitrogen, organic matter, and available potassium of soil significantly increased (P < 0.05), and the hydrolytic nitrogen of soil significantly decreased (P < 0.05); (3) Plant diversity index is closely related to soil total N, available K, and organic matter. Thus, in the initial stage of target tree management of C. lanceolata plantations, there are different changes under different treatment levels, but its overall effect is to improve the diversity of undergrowth vegetation and the physical and chemical properties of soil.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2021-04-25