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[1]吴丽君,李卫忠,薛巍,等.桤-柏带状改造对川中丘陵区柏木林土壤碳氮磷化学计量特征的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2020,26(02):425-432.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.12002]
 WU Lijun,LI Weizhong,XUE Wei,et al.Effects of Alnus cremastogyne-Cupressus funebris strip reform on soil C:N:P stoichiometry of Cupressus funebris forests in a hilly area of central Sichuan Basin[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2020,26(02):425-432.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.12002]
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桤-柏带状改造对川中丘陵区柏木林土壤碳氮磷化学计量特征的影响
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
26卷
期数:
2020年02期
页码:
425-432
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2020-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of Alnus cremastogyne-Cupressus funebris strip reform on soil C:N:P stoichiometry of Cupressus funebris forests in a hilly area of central Sichuan Basin
作者:
吴丽君李卫忠薛巍杨玉莲林浩吴庆贵
1绵阳师范学院生态安全与保护四川省重点实验室 绵阳 621000 2西北农林科技大学林学院 杨凌 712100
Author(s):
WU Lijun1 LI Weizhong2 XUE Wei2 YANG Yulian1 LIN Hao1 & WU Qinggui1 2?
1 Ecological Security and Protection Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Mianyang Normal University, Mianyang 621000, China 2 College of Forestry, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
关键词:
柏木低效林改造化学计量比持水能力川中丘陵区
Keywords:
Cupressus funebris reconstruction of low-benefit stands C:N:P stoichiometry water-holding capacity central Sichuan hilly region
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.12002
摘要:
川中丘陵区高密度柏木防护林存在林分结构单一、土壤地力退化、生物多样性低等问题. 为揭示桤木-柏木带状改造对土壤碳、氮、磷分配格局和土壤物理性质的影响,采用典型样地法分析桤-柏带状混交林和柏木纯林0-20 cm(M1)和20-40 cm(M2)土壤物理性质、有机碳(OC)、全氮(TN)和全磷(TP)含量及化学计量比. 结果表明:经桤-柏带状改造后,M1和M2土层OC分别增加46.80%和77.01%,TP分别降低67.98%和60.20%,TN无显著变化,土壤C:N、C:P和N:P比值以及土壤总孔隙度、毛管孔隙度、土壤自然含水量和最大持水量均显著增加;随着土层加深,桤-柏混交林的土壤OC、TN、C:P、N:P和最大持水量显著降低,C:N和容重显著升高,TP无显著性变化,柏木纯林的土壤OC、TN和TP显著降低,C:N:P化学计量比、容重、总孔隙度、毛管孔隙度、非毛管孔隙度、自然含水量和最大持水量无显著变化;同时,桤-柏带状改造还减弱了土壤容重、孔隙度和最大持水量对碳氮磷含量和化学计量比的影响,加剧了表层土壤磷的限制. 因此,桤-柏带状改造能够有效改善柏木纯林土壤的理化性质,增强柏木林土壤涵养水源的功能;在后期的经营过程中,建议在桤木—柏木混交林中补施磷肥以缓解土壤磷元素缺乏现象. (图4 表3 参 50)
Abstract:
The high-density Cupressus funebris protected forest in the central Sichuan hilly region is characterized by a single forest structure, degraded soil fertility, and low biodiversity. To determine the effects of strip reform on the soil physical properties and distribution patterns of soil carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P), a typical sampling method was used to analyze the soil physical properties, organic carbon (OC), total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), and C:N:P ecological stoichiometry from 0–20 cm (M1) and 20–40 cm (M2) depths in pure C. funebris forest and mixed plantations with Alnus cremastogyne and C. funebris by strip reform. The results showed that strip reform increased OC by 46.80% in M1 and 77.01% in M2 and decreased TP by 67.98% in M1 and 60.20% in M2. There was no significant difference in TN for both M1 and M2 after strip reform, whereas the soil C:N, C:P, N:P, total porosity, capillary porosity, natural water content, and maximum water-holding capacity in both M1 and M2 were increased after the strip reform treatment. With the deepening soil layer, in the plantation with strip reform, soil OC, TN, C:P, N:P, and maximum water-holding capacity decreased significantly; C:N and bulk density increased significantly; and TP showed no significant change. In contrast, soil OC, TN, and TP significantly decreased with the deepening soil layer, whereas there was no significant changes in C:N:P, bulk density, total porosity, capillary porosity, non-capillary porosity, natural water content, and maximum water capacity in the pure C. funebris forest. In addition, after strip reform, the effects of soil bulk density, porosity, and maximum water-holding capacity on C, N, and P content and the stoichiometric ratio was weakened and intensified the restriction of P in the topsoil. Therefore, it is better to apply phosphate fertilizer in the mixed plantation after strip reform to alleviate the lack of element P in situ.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2020-04-25