|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]费裕翀,吴庆锥,张筱,等.不同林下植被管理措施对杉木大径材培育林土壤特性与出材量的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2020,26(03):626-634.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.08011]
 FEI Yuchong,WU Qingzhui,ZHANG Xiao,et al.Effects of different undergrowth vegetation management measures on soil characteristics and timber outturn of a large-diameter, timber plantation of Cunninghamia lanceolate[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2020,26(03):626-634.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.08011]
点击复制

不同林下植被管理措施对杉木大径材培育林土壤特性与出材量的影响
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
26卷
期数:
2020年03期
页码:
626-634
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2020-06-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of different undergrowth vegetation management measures on soil characteristics and timber outturn of a large-diameter, timber plantation of Cunninghamia lanceolate
作者:
费裕翀吴庆锥张筱路锦季春杉林开敏曹世江林思祖曹光球
1福建农林大学林学院 福州 350002 2福建省明溪县林业总公司 明溪 365200 3国家林业和草原局杉木工程技术研究中心 福州 350002
Author(s):
FEI Yuchong1 WU Qingzhui2 ZHANG Xiao1 LU Jin1 JI Chunshan1 LIN Kaimin1 3 CAO Shijiang1 3 LIN Sizu1 3 & CAO Guangqiu1 3?
1 College of Forestry, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China 2 General Forestry Corporation of Mingxi County, Mingxi 365200, China 3 Chinese Fir Engineering Technology Research Center, National Forestry and Grassland Administration, Fuzhou 350002, China
关键词:
大径材土壤特性杉木养分库有效性指数林下植被管理
Keywords:
large diameter soil characteristics Cunninghamia lanceolata efficiency index of nutrient bank undergrowth management
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.08011
摘要:
林下植被作为人工林生态系统的重要组成部分,探究科学合理的林下植被管理模式对于杉木大径材的培育具有重要意义. 以杉木大径材培育林为研究对象,分析林下植被保留(UP)、林下植被去除(UR)和林下套种(IP)共3种林下植被管理措施对其土壤特性与出材量的影响. 结果显示:不同林下植被管理模式下土壤理化性质与出材量存在明显差异. 其中IP处理下林分土壤除含水率较低外,容重和孔隙度等物理特性良好;3种处理下林分土壤除容重外,含水率和总孔隙度等物理性质在不同土层之间差异较小;UP处理对林分土壤有机质、全钾和速效钾的积累作用最好,其次为IP处理,UR处理较差;就土壤全磷、水解氮和速效磷含量差异而言,总体呈IP > UR > UP,全氮含量则为IP > UP > UR;综合土壤水解氮、速效磷、速效钾的养分含量计算出3种林下植被管理模式下土壤养分库有效性指数,总体呈IP > UP > UR,其中IP和UP处理下林分土壤养分库有效性综合指数高于1;单株材积、大径材总出材量和大径材出材率均呈IP > UR > UP,UP、UR和IP处理下大径材出材率分别为75.66%、64.11%和77.51%;单株材积和大径材出材量与0-20 cm土层土壤总孔隙度和有机质含量具有较强相关性. 因此,UP和IP处理下的杉木大径材培育林土壤特性较优,大径材出材量较高,以上结果可为杉木大径材培育林土壤的改良以及探索科学合理的杉木大径材培育技术提供理论参考. (图2 表6 参43)
Abstract:
Owing to the importance of undergrowth vegetation in plantation ecosystems, we aimed to determine scientific and reasonable undergrowth vegetation management measures of a large-diameter, timber plantation of Cunninghamia lanceolate. We analyzed the effects of three undergrowth vegetation management measures on soil characteristics and timber yield, such as undergrowth vegetation reservation (UP), undergrowth vegetation removal (UR), and interplanting (IP). There were obvious differences in soil characteristics and timber yields under various undergrowth vegetation management measures. In addition to low water content, the soil receiving the IP treatment had good bulk density and porosity. However, physical properties, such as water content and soil porosity, were not significantly different among soil layers and treatments. The UP treatment had the best effect on organic matter accumulation, total potassium, and available potassium, followed by IP and UR treatment. The total phosphorus, hydrolyzed nitrogen, available phosphorus, and total nitrogen contents were the highest in the soil receiving IP treatment, followed by those in soil receiving UR treatment and UP treatment. The nutrient bank efficiency index of the three undergrowth vegetation management measures was calculated based on the hydrolyzed nitrogen, available phosphorus, and available potassium content in the soil, and the order of indexes differed with treatments as follows: IP > UR > UP. The comprehensive nutrient bank efficiency index of the IP and UP treatment was greater than 1. The individual volume, total yield of large-diameter timber, and the merchant ratio of large-diameter timber was the highest following IP treatment, and then following UR treatment and UP treatment; the merchant ratio of large-diameter timber under UP, UR, and IP treatment was 75.66%, 64.11%, and 77.51% respectively. The individual volume and yield of large-diameter timber was strongly correlated with total soil porosity and the content of organic matter at a soil depth of 0-20 cm. The soil characteristics of the large-diameter, timber plantation of C. lanceolata under UP and IP treatments were excellent, and their yields of large-diameter timber were higher. These results provide a theoretical reference for improving the soil of large-diameter, timber plantations of C. lanceolata and for exploring a scientifically reasonable large-diameter C. lanceolata timber cultivating technology.

参考文献/References:

1 陈春林, 周国英, 吴毅, 李红军, 马琳. 湖南黄丰桥林场杉木速生丰产林健康评价[J]. 生态学杂志, 2012, 31 (11): 2872-2876 [Chen CL, Zhou GY, Wu Y, Li HJ, Ma L. Health assessment of fast-growing and high-yielding Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations in Huangfengqiao forest farm of Hunan province, South-central China [J]. Chin J Ecol, 2012, 31 (11): 2872-2876]
2 Kang HJ, Seely B, Wang GY, Cai YX, Innes J, Zheng DX, Chen PL, Wang TL. Simulating the impact of climate change on the growth of Chinese fir plantations in Fujian province, China [J]. NZ J For Sci, 2017, 47 (1):20
3 夏丽丹, 于姣妲, 邓玲玲, 李小艳, 周垂帆, 徐永兴. 杉木人工林地力衰退研究进展[J]. 世界林业研究, 2018, 31 (2): 37-42 [Xia LD, Yu JD, Deng JJ, Li XY, Zhou CF, Xu YX. Researches on soil decline of Chinese fir plantation [J]. World For Res, 2012, 31 (2): 37-42]
4 Xiong YM, Xia HP, Li ZA, Cai XA, Fu SL. Impacts of litter and understory removal on soil properties in a subtropical Acacia mangium plantation in China [J]. Plant Soil, 2008, 304 (1-2): 179-188
5 Giuggiola A, Zweifel R, Feichtinger LM, Vollenweider P, Bugmann H, Haeni M, Rigling A. Competition for water in a xeric forest ecosystem – effects of understory removal on soil micro-climate, growth and physiology of dominant Scots pine trees [J]. For Ecol & Manage, 2018, 409: 241-249
6 张昌顺, 李昆. 人工林地力的衰退与维护研究综述[J]. 世界林业研究, 2005, 18 (1): 17-21 [Zhang SC, Li K. Advance in research on soil degradation and soil improvement of timber plantations [J]. World For Res, 2012, 18 (1): 17-21]
7 樊后保, 刘文飞, 苏兵强. 马尾松林下栽植闽粤栲对生态系统养分循环的影响[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2008, 14 (5): 610-615 [Fan HB, Liu WF, Su BQ. Impact of underplanting Castanopsis fifissa on nutrient cycling in Pinus massoniana stand [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2008, 14 (5): 610-615]
8 文志, 赵赫, 刘磊, 王丽娟, 欧阳志云, 郑华, 李彦旻. 基于土地利用变化的热带植物群落功能性状与土壤质量的关系[J]. 生态学报, 2019, 39 (1): 371-380 [Wen Z, Zhao H, Liu L, Wang LJ, Ouyang ZY, Zhen H, Li YM. Relationships between plant community functional traits and soil quality based on land use changes in tropical region [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2019, 39 (1): 371-380]
9 Qiao Y, Miao S, Silva LCR, Horwath WR. Understory species regulate litter decomposition and accumulation of C and N in forest soils: a long-term dual-isotope experiment [J]. For Ecol Manage, 2014, 329: 318-327
10 Zhao J, Wan S, Li ZA, Shao YH, Xu GL, Liu ZF, Zhou LX, Fu SL. Dicranopteris-dominated understory as major driver of intensive forest ecosystem in humid subtropical and tropical region [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 2012, 49: 78-87
11 Liu Z, Wu J, Zhou L, LinYB, Fu SL. Effect of understory fern (Dicranopteris dichotoma) removal on substrate utilization patterns of culturable soil bacterial communities in subtropical Eucalyptus plantations [J]. Pedobiology, 2012, 55 (1): 1-13
12 Wu J, Liu Z, Wang X, Sun YX, Zhou LX, Lin YB, Fu SL. Effects of understory removal and tree girdling on soil microbial community composition and litter decomposition in two Eucalyptus plantations in south China [J]. Funct Ecol, 2011, 25 (4): 921-931
13 Zhao J, Wan S, Fu S, Wang XL, Wang M, Liang CF, Chen YQ, Zhu XL. Effects of understory removal and nitrogen fertilization on soil microbial communities in Eucalyptus plantations [J]. For Ecol Manage, 2013, 310: 80-86
14 张坤, 包维楷, 杨兵, 胡斌. 林下植被对土壤微生物群落组成与结构的影响[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2017, 23 (6): 1178-1184 [Zhang K, Bao WK, Yang B, Hu B. The effects of understory vegetation on soil microbial community composition and structure [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2017, 23 (6): 1178-1184]
15 贺同鑫, 李艳鹏, 张方月, 王清奎. 林下植被剔除对杉木林土壤呼吸和微生物群落结构的影响[J]. 植物生态学报, 2015, 39 (8): 797-806 [He TX, Li YP, Wang QK. Effects of understory removal on soil respiration and microbial community composition structure in a Chinese fir plantation [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2015, 39 (8): 797-806]
16 葛乐, 虞木奎, 成向荣, 凌高潮, 吴统贵, 刘志龙, 王宗星, 张翠. 杉木林下套种不同树种对土壤改良效应初探[J]. 土壤通报, 2011, 42 (4): 948-952 [Ge L, Yu MK, Cheng XR, Ling GC, Wu TG, Liu ZL, Wang ZX, Zhang C. Preliminary studies on improvement effect of interplantation different trees in Chinese-fir forest on soil physical and chemical properties [J]. Chin J Soil Sci, 2011, 42 (4): 948-952]
17 杨承栋, 焦如珍, 屠星南, 熊有强, 陈仲庐. 杉木林下植被对5-15 cm土壤性质的改良[J]. 林业科学研究, 1995, 5 (5): 514-519 [Yang CD, Jiao RZ, Tu XN, Xiong YQ, Chen ZL. Effect of undergrowth vegetation on soil properties in 5-15 cm soil layer [J]. For Res, 1995, 5 (5): 514-519]
18 林开敏, 俞新妥, 洪伟, 黄宝龙. 杉木人工林林下植物对土壤肥力的影响[J]. 林业科学, 2001, 37 (S1): 94-98 [Lin KM, Yu XT, Hong W, Huang BL. Effects of undergrowth plant on soil fertility of Chinese fir plantation [J]. Sci Silv Sin, 2001, 37 (S1): 94-98]
19 谭秀凤. 中国木材供需预测模型及发展趋势研究[D]. 北京: 中国林业科学研究院, 2011 [Tan XF. Research on forecasting model and development trend of wood supply and demand in China [D]. Beijing: Chinese academy of forestry sciences, 2011]
20 国家林业局. 中国森林土壤分析方法[M]. 北京: 中国林业出版社, 1999: 1-105 [State Forestry Bureau. Forest Soil Analysis Methods [M]. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, 1999: 1-105]
21 陈超, 杨丰, 赵丽丽, 姚红艳, 王建立, 刘洪来. 贵州省不同土地利用方式对土壤理化性质及其有效性的影响[J]. 草地学报, 2014, 22 (5): 1007-1013 [Chen C, Yang F, Zhao LL, Yao HY, Wang JL, Liu HL. Effects of different land use types on soil characteristics and available in Karast area, Guizhou province [J]. Acta Agric Sin, 2014, 22 (5): 1007-1013]
22 邓伦秀. 杉木人工林林分密度效应及材种结构规律研究[D]. 北京: 中国林业科学研究院, 2010 [Deng XL. Study on stand density effect and timber structure of Chinese fir plantation [D]. Beijing: Chinese academy of forestry sciences, 2010]
23 王明庥. 林木遗传育种学[M]. 北京: 中国林业出版社, 2001: 156-177 [Wang MX. Forest Tree Genetics and Breeding [M]. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, 2001: 156-177]
24 江希钿, 林文龙, 刘玉明, 林孝强, 陈杜满, 刘国文. 马尾松人工林林分出材率表的研制[J]. 福建林学院学报, 2000, 20 (3): 215-218 [Jiang XD, Lin HB, Liu YM, Lin XQ, Chen DM, Liu GW. A study on the out-put of stand of Pine massoniana plantation [J]. J Fujian Coll For, 2000, 20 (3): 215-218]
25 Wang HF, Lencinas MV, Ross FC, Wang XK, Qi JX. Understory plant diversity assessment of Eucalyptus plantations over three vegetation types in Yunnan, China [J]. New For, 2011, 42 (1): 101-116
26 何友均, 梁星云, 覃林, 李智勇, 邵梅香, 谭玲. 南亚热带人工针叶纯林近自然改造早期对群落特征和土壤性质的影响[J]. 生态学报, 2013, 33 (8): 2484-2495 [He YJ, Liang XY, Qin L, Li ZY, Shao MX, Tan L. Community characteristics and soil properties of coniferous plantation forest monocultures in the early stages after close-to-nature transformation management in southern subtropical China [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2013, 33 (8): 2484-2495]
27 Wang SL, Fan NN. Effects of management measures on soil properties of Pinus koraiensis Plantations [J]. Adv Mat Res, 2011, 356-360: 2758-2762
28 Lin TL. Application effect research on intimate natural forestry management techniques for Cunninghamia lanceolata plantation [J]. Chin For Sci Technol, 2012, 29 (3): 80-81
29 林德喜, 樊后保, 苏兵强, 刘春华, 蒋宗垲, 沈宝贵. 马尾松林下套种阔叶树土壤理化性质的研究[J]. 土壤学报, 2004, 41(4): 655-659 [Lin DX, Fan HB, Su BQ, Liu CH, Jiang ZK, Shen BG. Effects of interplanting of broad-leaf trees in Pinus massoniana forest on physical and chemical properties of the soils [J]. Acta Pedol Sin, 2013, 33 (8): 2484-2495]
30 薛立, 陈红跃, 徐英宝, 彭耀强, 许松葵, 陈卫. 混交林地土壤物理性质与微生物数量及酶活性的研究[J]. 土壤通报, 2004, 35 (2): 154-158 [Xue L, Chen HY, Xu YB, Peng YQ, Xu SK, Chen W. Soil physical properties, microbial biomass and enzyme activity in mixed stands [J]. Chin J Soil Sci, 2004, 35 (2): 154-158]
31 徐蒋来, 尹思慧, 胡乃娟, 顾泽海, 王保君, 朱利群. 周年秸秆还田对稻麦轮作农田土壤养分、微生物活性及产量的影响[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2015, 21 (6): 1100-1105 [Xu JL, Yi SH, Hu RJ, Gu ZH, Wang BJ, Zhu LQ. Effects of annual straw mulching on soil nutrient, microbial activity and yield in rice-wheat rotation [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2015, 21 (6): 1100-1105]
32 常超, 谢宗强, 熊高明, 赵常明, 申国珍, 赖江山, 徐新武. 三峡库区不同植被类型土壤养分特征[J]. 生态学报, 2009, 29 (11): 5978-598531 [Chang C, Xie ZQ, Xiong GM, Zhao CM, Shen GZ, Lai JS, Xu XW. Characteristics of soil nutrients of different vegetation types in the three gorges reservoir area [J]. Acta Ecol Sci, 2009, 29 (11): 5978-5985]
33 吕倩, 尹海锋, 何朋俊, 李贤伟, 范川, 冯茂松, 刘俊杰, 王艺峰. 马尾松人工林目标树经营初期对土壤理化性质与植物多样性的影响[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2018, 24 (3): 500-507 [Lü Q, Yin HF, He PJ, Li XW, Fan C, Feng MS, Liu JJ, Wang YF. Effects of early management of Pinus massoniana plantation target trees on soil physicochemical properties and plant diversity [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2018, 24 (3): 500-507]
34 张红, 吕家珑, 赵世伟, 周群, 陈小燕. 不同植被覆盖下子午岭土壤养分状况研究[J]. 干旱地区农业研究, 2006, 24 (2): 66-69 [Zhang H, Lv JF, Zhao SW, Zhou Qun, Chen XY. Studies on soil nutrients under different vegetation types in the Ziwuling area [J]. Agric R Arid Areas, 2006, 24 (2): 66-69]
35 Read DB, Bengough AG, Gregory PJ, Crawford JW, Robinson D, Scrimgeour CM, Young IM, Zhang K, Zhang X. Plant roots release phospholipid surfactants that modify the physical and chemical properties of soil [J]. New Phytol, 2010, 157 (2): 315-326
36 Dybzinski R, Fargione JE, Zak DR, Fornara, Tilman D. Soil fertility increases with plant species diversity in a long-term biodiversity experiment [J]. Oecology, 2008, 158 (1): 85-93
37 杜忠. 林下植被对上层乔木影响的生理生态学机理[D]. 北京: 中国科学院研究生院, 2011 [Du Z. Understory effects on overstory trees and their ecophysiological mechanisms [D]. Beijing: Graduate school of Chinese academy of sciences, 2011]
38 李国雷, 刘勇, 于海群, 吕瑞恒, 李瑞生. 油松人工林林下植被发育对油松生长节律的响应[J]. 生态学报, 2009, 29 (3): 1264-1275 [Li GL, Liu Y, Yu HQ, Lü RH, Li RS. Response of the undergrowth development to the growth rhythm of Chinese Pine plantation [J]. Acta Ecol Sci, 2009, 29 (3): 1264-1275]
39 林秀华. 杉木大径材林分不同胸径单株根生物量垂直空间分布特征[J]. 安徽农学通报, 2018, 24 (12): 85-88 [Lin XH. The vertical spatial pattern of root biomass of different diameters tree in Chinese-fir big-diameter forest [J]. Anhui Agric Sci Bull, 2009, 29 (3): 1264-1275]
40 廖高文. 割灌除草对闽楠幼树生长量的影响分析[J]. 南方园艺, 2019, 30 (1): 21-23 [Liao GW. Effect of shrub and herb removal on on growth of sapling of Phoebe bournei [J]. S Hortic, 2019, 30 (1): 21-23]
41 Li GL, Liu Y, Ma LY, Lü RH, Yu HQ, Bai SL, Kang YY. Comparison of tree growth and undergrowth development in aerially seeded and planted Pinus tabulaeformis forests [J]. Front For Chin, 2009, 4 (3): 283-290
42 刘延惠, 丁访军, 崔迎春, 马亨发, 赵文君. 林地抚育对黔中地区杉木人工幼林生态系统碳储量的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39 (1): 27-33 [Liu YH, Ding FJ, Cui YC, Ma HF, Zhao Wj. Effects of tending on carbon storage in the ecosystems of young Chinese fir plantations at the middle region of Guizhou province, southwestern China [J]. J BJFU, 2017, 39 (1): 27-33]
43 Chen J. The understory fern Dicranopteris dichotoma facilitates the overstory Eucalyptus trees in subtropical plantations [J]. Ecosphere, 2014, 5 (5): 1-12

相似文献/References:

[1]费裕翀 吴庆锥 张筱 路锦 季春杉 林开敏 曹世江 林思祖 曹光球**.不同林下植被管理措施对杉木大径材培育林土壤特性与出材量的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2020,26(04):1.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.08011]
 FEI Yuchong,WU Qingzhui,ZHANG Xiao,et al.Effects of different undergrowth vegetation management measures on soil characteristics and timber outturn of Cunninghamia lanceolata large-diameter timber cultivation plantation*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2020,26(03):1.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.08011]

更新日期/Last Update: 2020-06-25