|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]张秀芳,穆振北,林美娇,等.琅岐岛4种优势植物叶功能性状及其影响因子[J].应用与环境生物学报,2020,26(03):667-673.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.07058]
 ZHANG Xiufang,MU Zhenbei,LIN Meijiao,et al.Functional traits of leaves of four dominant plants on Langqi Island, Fuzhou, and factors influencing these traits[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2020,26(03):667-673.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.07058]
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琅岐岛4种优势植物叶功能性状及其影响因子
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
26卷
期数:
2020年03期
页码:
667-673
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2020-06-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Functional traits of leaves of four dominant plants on Langqi Island, Fuzhou, and factors influencing these traits
作者:
张秀芳穆振北林美娇江淼华 巩嘉欣游巍斌
1福建农林大学林学院 福州 350002 2闽江学院海洋学院地理科学系 福州 350108 3西北农林科技大学风景园林艺术学院 杨凌 712100
Author(s):
ZHANG Xiufang1 MU Zhenbei1 LIN Meijiao1 JIANG Miaohua2 GONG Jiaxin3 & YOU Weibin1?
1 College of Forestry, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002,China 2 Department of Geography, Ocean College, Minjiang University, Fuzhou 350108,China 3 College of Landscape Architecture and Arts, Northwest A&Funiversity, Yangling 712100,China
关键词:
叶功能性状土壤地形冗余分析海岛生境
Keywords:
leaf functional traits soil topography redundancy analysis island habitat
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.07058
摘要:
深入理解海岛植物叶功能性状及其影响因子,有利于发现植物适应海岛生境规律和制定滨海盐碱地森林生态系统恢复和保护策略. 以福建省福州琅岐岛的台湾相思(Acacia confusa Merr.)、柠檬桉(Eucalyptus citriodora Hook.f.)、朴树(Celtis sinensis Pers.)、高山榕(Ficus altissima)4种优势植物为研究对象,通过测定植物不同朝向叶片的叶厚度(LT)、叶面积(LA)、比叶面积(SLA)、叶干物质含量(LDMC)、叶体积(LV)、叶组织密度(LD)、相对水分亏缺(RWD)等叶功能性状以及地形、土壤等环境因子指标,探讨叶功能性状及其与环境因子的关系. 结果显示:(1)4种植物的叶功能性状种间差异明显. 台湾相思的LT最大,其LDMC、LD、RWD最小;柠檬桉的LDMC最大;朴树的LD、RWD最大;高山榕的LA、LV最大,LT最小. 但4种植物的SLA无显著差异. (2)4种植物的SLA与LDMC、LD均呈极显著负相关(P < 0.01);LDMC与LD呈极显著正相关(P < 0.01). (3)主成分分析显示,7个叶功能性状指标中,LA、LT和SLA可作为反映海岛4种优势植物适应生境的重要指标. (4)树冠朝向对4种植物的种内影响不显著. (5)4种优势植物的叶功能性状主要受坡度、海拔、土壤电导率、土壤含水量等环境因子的影响. 本研究表明福州琅岐岛的植物可以通过各功能性状以及与环境因子间的相互作用弥补生境的不足,较好地适应琅岐岛恶劣的生存环境,结果可也为滨海盐碱地森林生态系统恢复和保护提供理论依据. (图3 表2 参38)
Abstract:
Investigating leaf functional traits of island plants and the factors influencing them is beneficial to understand their adaptation mechanisms for restoration and protection strategies for coastal, saline-alkali forest ecosystems. Four dominant species found on the Langqi island (Acacia confusa Merr., Eucalyptus citriodora Hook.f., Celtis sinensis Pers., and Ficus altissima) were examined to explore the relationship between leaf functional traits (e.g., leaf thickness [LT], leaf area [LA], specific leaf area [SLA], leaf dry matter content [LDMC], leaf volume [LA], leaf tissue density [LD], and relative water deficit [RWD]) and environmental factors (terrain and soil factors). (1) Leaf functional traits significantly differed among the four plants. A. confusa Merr. had the highest LT and the lowest LDMC, LD, and RWD. In comparison, LDMC was the highest in E. citriodora Hook., whereas LD and RWD were the highest in C. sinensis Pers. In addition, F. altissima had the highest LA and LV and the lowest LT. However, there was no significant difference among the four plants with regard to SLA. (2) The SLAs of the four plants were significantly negatively correlated with LDMC and LD (P < 0.01), whereas LDMCs were significantly positively correlated with LD (P < 0.01). (3) Principal component analysis revealed that LA, LT, and SLA were the top three factors that accounted for the adaptability of the four dominant plants on the island. (4) Leaf orientation had no significant intraspecific effect. (5) The leaf functional traits of the four dominant plants were mainly affected by environmental factors such as slope, elevation, soil electrical conductivity, and soil water content. The results showed that the four island species adapted to harsh environments by adjusting their functional traits, which provides scientific evidence for the restoration and protection of the coastal, saline-alkali forest ecosystem.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2020-06-25