|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]刘银,杨兵,祁凯斌,等.黄果柑果园不同坡位土壤水文生态功能及其影响因子[J].应用与环境生物学报,2020,26(03):649-657.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.07016]
 LIU Yin,YANG Bing,et al.Ecohydrological functions of soil and the influencing factors of different slope positions in Huangguogan citrus orchards[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2020,26(03):649-657.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.07016]
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黄果柑果园不同坡位土壤水文生态功能及其影响因子
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
26卷
期数:
2020年03期
页码:
649-657
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2020-06-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Ecohydrological functions of soil and the influencing factors of different slope positions in Huangguogan citrus orchards
作者:
刘银杨兵祁凯斌杨婷惠庞学勇
1中国科学院山地生态恢复与生物资源利用重点实验室,生态恢复与生物多样性保育四川省重点实验室,中国科学院成都生物研究所 成都 610041 2中国科学院大学 北京 100049
Author(s):
LIU Yin1 2 YANG Bing1 QI Kaibin1 2 YANG Tinghui1 2 & PANG Xueyong1?
1 CAS Key Laboratory of Mountain Ecological Restoration and Bioresource Utilization, and Ecological Restoration and Biodiversity Conservation Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China 2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
关键词:
坡位土壤颗粒组成孔隙度容重持水能力影响因素
Keywords:
slope position soil particle composition porosity bulk density water-holding capacity driving factor
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.07016
摘要:
坡地果园是大渡河干暖河谷两岸一种常见的土地利用方式. 大面积坡地果园垦殖导致了严重的水土流失. 为了解坡位是否以及如何影响果园土壤的水源涵养能力,选择大渡河流域典型的2类黄果柑坡地果园为研究对象,比较不同坡位间(下坡、中坡、上坡)的土壤物理性质与持水能力的差异,并探讨土壤颗粒组成、孔隙度、容重以及细根生物量与土壤水源涵养能力的关系. 结果显示:与下坡位相比,中坡位和上坡位黏粉粒质量分数分别降低4%-30%和20%-42%,而0.1-2 mm砂粒的质量分数分别增加7%-10%和7%-16%,表明上坡位的土壤有粗骨化的趋势;中坡位和上坡位土壤容重分别增加7%-10%和11%-16%,土壤总孔隙度分别减少3%-12%和19%-25%,最大持水量分别减少2%-12%和4%-13%. 在同一坡位,土壤容重随着土层的加深而增加,而土壤总孔隙度和最大持水量呈相反趋势. 进一步分析发现,坡位通过影响土壤容重和总孔隙度是决定坡地果园表层土壤持水量的主要因素,而细根生物量对总持水能力也有一定的影响. 坡地开垦导致上坡位土壤粗骨化,而下坡位土壤具有良好的水文生态功能;这些结果对于指导坡地种植时控制坡度和坡地的水土流失有一定的理论与实践意义. (图2 表7 参49)
Abstract:
Slope orchards are a common land-use type in the dry valley of the Dadu River. The large-scale cultivation of orchards on sloping land has resulted in serious soil erosion. However, whether and how slope position affects water-holding capacity is largely unknown. In two typical Huangguogan citrus slope orchards along the Dadu River, the differences in the physical properties and water-holding capacity of soil at three slope positions (bottom, middle, and upper slope) were compared. Then, correlations between soil particle composition, porosity, bulk density, fine root biomass, and water conservation capacity were examined. The findings showed that the mass fraction of clay and silt in the middle and upper slope positions was between 4%-30% and 20%-42% lower, respectively, than in the bottom slope position. In contrast, the mass fraction of 0.1-2 mm sand in these positions was between 7%-10% and 11%-16% higher than in the bottom position, respectively, indicating that soil in the upper slope position had a coarseness trend. At increasing slope positions, soil bulk density increased by between 7%-10% and 11%-16%, respectively, while the total soil porosity decreased by between 3%-12% and 19%-25%, respectively. The maximum water holding capacity at middle and upper positions was between 2%-12% and 4%-13% lower than at the bottom position, respectively. Moreover, for each slope position, soil bulk density increased with increasing soil depth, while the opposite held true for soil total porosity and maximum water holding capacity. Further analysis showed that soil bulk density and total porosity were the main factors affecting soil water holding capacity in slope orchard topsoil, and that fine root biomass was partly responsible for the variation in total water holding capacity. Slope reclamation has resulted in soil coarseness of the upper slope, while the bottom slope has a good ecohydrological functions, which provides provide a theoretical and practical guide for controlling soil and water loss in newly established slope orchards.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2020-06-25