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[1]吕鉴于,高文俊,牛群,等.丛枝菌根真菌对采煤塌陷复垦土壤磷形态和玉米吸磷量的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2020,26(01):81-87.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.04041]
 L? Jianyu,GAO Wenjun,NIU Qun,et al.Effects of inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on maize phosphorus uptake and soil phosphorus forms in a coal mining subsidence area[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2020,26(01):81-87.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.04041]
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丛枝菌根真菌对采煤塌陷复垦土壤磷形态和玉米吸磷量的影响()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
26卷
期数:
2020年01期
页码:
81-87
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2020-02-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on maize phosphorus uptake and soil phosphorus forms in a coal mining subsidence area
作者:
吕鉴于 高文俊 牛群 郝鲜俊 张铠珏 张杰 洪坚平
1山西农业大学资源环境学院 太谷 0308012山西农业大学农业资源与环境国家级实验教学示范中心 太谷 0308013山西农业大学动物科技学院 太谷 0308014 伟爱生物科技国际有限公司 新加坡 059521
Author(s):
L? Jianyu GAO Wenjun NIU Qun HAO Xianjun ZHANG Kaijue ZHANG Jie HONG Jianping
1 College of Resources and Environment, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu 030801,China2 National Experimental Teaching Demonstration Center for Agricultural Resources and Environment, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu 030801,China3 College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu 030801,China 4 VRM Global Holding Pte Ltd, Singapore, 059521, Singapore
关键词:
丛枝菌根真菌采煤塌陷复垦土壤Hedley磷分级磷素有效性
Keywords:
arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi coal-mining subsidence reclamation soil Hedley phosphorus forms phosphorus availability
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.04041
摘要:
丛枝菌根(Arbuscular mycorrhiza,AM)真菌用于退化农林生态系统的生物修复研究是当今生态及环境科学领域的热点问题. 许多研究表明AM真菌促进植物对土壤磷的吸收利用,为了解不同的AM真菌对土壤磷形态及其转化规律的影响,通过盆栽试验以不接种处理为对照,分别接种幼套近明球囊霉(Claroideoglomus etunicatum,Ce)、摩西管柄囊霉(Funneliformis mosseae,Mo)、根内根孢囊霉(Rhizophagus intraradices,Ri)3种AM真菌,通过连续种植两茬玉米(2015-2016年)后测定AM真菌侵染率、玉米磷素吸收和土壤磷素形态的变化. 结果表明:(1)接种3种AM真菌均成功侵染玉米根系,两茬玉米根系AM真菌侵染率顺序均为Ce ≥ Mo ≥ Ri,第二茬侵染率(38.3%-68.8%)较第一茬(14.5%-32.5%)有所提高;(2)随着AM真菌的侵染,接种处理显著提高了玉米磷素吸收,提高幅度达25.5%-82.0%;(3)接种3种AM真菌均显著提高了土壤活性态无机磷(H2O-Pi、NaHCO3-Pi)和中等活性无机磷(NaOH-Pi)含量;而土壤中度稳定态磷(HCl-P)和稳定态磷(Residue-P)含量不受影响;接种Mo和Ce对土壤NaHCO3-Pi含量提高最显著,分别提高了141.02%和88.47%,其次为Ri(43.12%);(4)接种Mo和Ri显著提高了土壤中等活性态无机磷(NaOH-Pi)的含量,分别比CK提高了36.15%和18.82%. 总之,接种不同AM真菌均能提高根系侵染率、磷素吸收以及促进土壤磷素活性态、中等活性态无机磷(H2O-Pi、NaHCO3-Pi、NaOH-Pi)的转化,提高了土壤磷素的生物有效性,其中接种Ce和Mo能够更好地促进土壤中的磷素向植物可供利用的形态转化,提高植株吸磷量,是适合该矿区土壤的经济高效菌种. (表2 参33)
Abstract:
A current major issue in the fields of ecology and environmental science is the use of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi in bioremediation research in fragile mining areas. Many studies have shown that AM fungi promote plant soil phosphorus (P) absorption, while the effect of different fungal species on soil P forms, its transformation, and soil P availability have not been reported. Therefore, a pot experiment was conducted with three inoculated AM fungi, including Claroideoglomus etunicatum (Ce), Glomus mosseae (Mo), and Rhizophagus intraradices (Ri), with no inoculation AM fungi as the control (CK). Across two consecutive corn planting (2015-2016) years, AM fungal colonization rate, corn P uptake, and changes in soil P forms were analyzed. The results showed that: (1) Inoculation with three AM fungi successfully formed a symbiotic relationship with corn roots, with the colonization rates in the order of Ce ≥ Mo ≥ Ri during the study period. The colonization rate after the second planting (38.3%-68.8%) was higher than that of the first (14.5%-32.5%). (2) The inoculation treatment with AM fungi significantly increased maize P uptake by 25.5%-82.0%. (3) The inoculation treatment with three AM fungi significantly increased soil active inorganic P content (H2O-Pi, NaHCO3-Pi) and medium active inorganic P (NaOH-Pi), but had no significant effect on moderately stable P (HCl-P) and stable P (residue-P). Mo and Ce treatments had the greatest impact on soil NaHCO3-Pi, which increased by 141.02% and 88.47% respectively, followed by Ri (with the increase of 43.12%). (4) Inoculation with Mo and Ri increased soil medium active inorganic P(NaOH-Pi) by 36.15% and 18.82% relative to the value of CK. Overall, inoculation with AM fungi increased root colonization rate, maize P uptake, and soil P transformation into active and medium active inorganic P (H2O-Pi, NaHCO3-Pi, NaOH-Pi); thus soil P availability increased. Of the treatments, inoculation with Ce and Mo were the most economic and effective genus as they improved corn P uptake and soil P transformation into bio-availability in this coal-mining subsidence reclamation area.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2020-02-25