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[1]杨大星,李灿,杨茂发.黔南喀斯特土壤螨类对火烧和垦殖的响应[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(06):1335-1343.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.01042]
 YANG Daxing,LI Can & YANG Maofa**.Response of Karst soil mites to burning and reclamation in South Guizhou[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(06):1335-1343.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.01042]
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黔南喀斯特土壤螨类对火烧和垦殖的响应
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
25卷
期数:
2019年06期
页码:
1335-1343
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2019-12-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Response of Karst soil mites to burning and reclamation in South Guizhou
作者:
杨大星李灿杨茂发
1贵州大学昆虫研究所,贵州省山地农业病虫害重点实验室 贵阳 550025 2贵阳学院生物和环境工程学院,贵州省山地珍稀动物与经济昆虫重点实验室 贵阳 550005
Author(s):
YANG Daxing1 2 LI Can2 & YANG Maofa1**
1 Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory for Agricultural Pest Management of Mountainous Region, Institute of Entomology, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, China 2 Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory for Rare Animal and Economic Insects of the Mountainous Region, College of Biology and Environment Engineering, Guiyang University, Guiyang 550005, China
关键词:
土壤螨类干扰响应喀斯特
Keywords:
soil mites disturbance response Karst
分类号:
S154.1 : S154.6
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.01042
摘要:
为了解不同干扰对黔南喀斯特土壤螨类的影响,按季节于2016年10月至2017年4月选取了火烧+垦殖、火烧和农业耕作(农田)3种干扰形式,以自然林为对照研究土壤螨类多样性变化. 调查共获得土壤螨类5 254只,隶属81科,优势类群奥甲螨科(Oppiidae)和杆棱甲螨科(Mochlozetidae). 主成分分析(PCA)结果表明不同干扰方式下土壤螨类群落结构与自然林均存在明显差异. 火烧+垦殖土壤螨类类群数、个体密度和Shannon-Wiener 指数(H’)显著低于自然林(P < 0.05),农业耕作土壤螨类类群数显著低于自然林(P < 0.05),其余无显著不同;季节变化对土壤螨类类群数、个体密度和Shannon-Wiener 指数(H’)无显著影响. 有效磷与土壤螨类类群数和个体密度显著负相关(P < 0.05). 本研究结果说明干扰频率是影响土壤螨类分布的重要因素,高频度干扰较低频度干扰对土壤螨类的负面影响强,而高频度的干扰中,双重干扰较单一干扰对土壤螨类的负面影响大. (图2 表4 参49)
Abstract:
Karst ecosystems are characterized by low stability and high sensitivity to disturbance, which is why they have been thoroughly researched by scientists. The structure and function of karst ecosystems have significantly degenerated under the influence of human disturbance in recent years. Soil mites are ideal bioindicators of the status of below-ground ecosystems, but little is known about their response to different disturbances in Karst regions. In order to enhance the understanding of the impact of different disturbances on soil mite communities in South Guizhou province, from Oct. 2016 to Apr. 2017, we conducted a survey of soil mite community using the Tullgren method at the following sites: burning and reclamation, burning, farmland, and natural forests. A total of 5 254 mites belonging to 81 families were captured, and the dominant families were Oppiidae and Mochlozetidae. The results of the principal component analysis indicated that the community structure of soil mites differed significantly among the investigated sites under different disturbances. The group number, individual density, and Shannon-Wiener index of soil mites were significantly different in burning and reclamation sites and in natural forests. A significant difference was also observed between the group number of soil mites in farmlands and natural forests, whereas the group number, individual density, and Shannon-Wiener index of soil mites were not influenced by seasonal variations. Pearson correlation analysis showed that soil available phosphorus AP was significantly negatively correlated with the density of soil mite community. Based on these results, we concluded that disturbance frequency is one of the key factors influencing the distribution of soil mites in the soil, with high-frequency disturbance having a more negative effect than low-frequency. In addition, two disturbances had a more negative effect than a high-frequency single disturbance.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-12-25