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[1]吕倩,康文斯,郭茂金,等.柏木人工林目标树经营初期对林下植物多样性及土壤理化性质的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(05):1036-1043.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.01005]
 L? Qian,KANG Wensi,GUO Maojin,et al.Early effects of target tree management on undergrowth plant diversity and soil physicochemical properties in Cupressus funebris plantations[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(05):1036-1043.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.01005]
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柏木人工林目标树经营初期对林下植物多样性及土壤理化性质的影响
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
25卷
期数:
2019年05期
页码:
1036-1043
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2019-10-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Early effects of target tree management on undergrowth plant diversity and soil physicochemical properties in Cupressus funebris plantations
作者:
吕倩康文斯郭茂金罗涛刘俊杰范川李贤伟
1四川农业大学林学院 成都 611130 2长江上游森林资源保育与生态安全国家林业局重点实验室(四川农业大学) 成都 611130
Author(s):
L? Qian1 KANG Wensi1 GUO Maojin1 LUO Tao1 LIU Junjie1 FAN Chuan1 2 & LI Xianwei 1 2**
1 College of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China 2 Key Laboratory of National Forest Service on Forest Resources Conservation and Ecological Safety in the Upper Reaches of the Yangtze River (Sichuan Agricultrual University), Chengdu 611130, China
关键词:
柏木人工林目标树密度目标树经营林下植物多样性生活型土壤理化性质
Keywords:
Cupressus funebris plantation target tree density target tree management undergrowth plant diversity life form soil physicochemical property
分类号:
S718.5
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.01005
摘要:
为改善川中丘陵区柏木人工林林下植物多样性与土壤现状,以当地柏木人工林为研究对象,分析目标树经营1年后,3种不同目标树密度(100、150、200 株/hm2)林下植物多样性和土壤理化性质的变化情况. 结果表明:与对照林分相比,目标树经营初期,3种不同目标树密度下灌木层植物多样性各指数显著增加(P < 0.05),喜光植物增多,林地内出现多种生活型,草本层多样性指数、生态优势度指数和均匀度指数均显著降低(P < 0.05);土壤pH与速效钾含量显著降低(P < 0.05),非毛管孔隙度、全氮、水解氮、全磷、有效磷和有机质显著增高(P < 0.05);氮和磷是植物的主要限制因子,植物各多样性指数与全氮、全磷、有效磷密切相关,非毛管孔隙度、毛管孔隙度和速效钾含量与草本层各多样性指数最为密切. 本研究表明,目标树经营初期能够增加灌木层植物多样性、提高草本层物种丰富度与改善土壤理化性质,土壤因子与林下植物多样性的变化密切相关. (图3 表6 参37)
Abstract:
To improve undergrowth plant diversity and the soil characteristics of Cupressus funebris plantations in the hilly region of central Sichuan, this study used target tree management to evaluate the early effects of undergrowth plant diversity and soil physicochemical properties. Cupressus funebris plantations were used to analyze the effects of three different target tree densities (100, 150, and 200 target trees per hectare) on undergrowth plant diversity and soil physicochemical properties after one year of target tree management. In comparison with the control (CK), the plant diversity of the shrub layer increased significantly during the early stage of target tree management (P < 0.05). Also, the number of sun plants increased, and various life forms appeared in the woodlands. The Simpson, Shannon-Wiener, and Pielou indexes for herb species significantly decreased (P < 0.05). For all target tree densities, soil pH and available potassium content significantly decreased (P < 0.05), while non-capillary porosity, total nitrogen, hydrolysable nitrogen, total phosphorus, available phosphorus, and organic matter significantly increased (P < 0.05). Nitrogen and phosphorus are the main limiting factors for plant growth, and the plant diversity indices were closely related to total nitrogen, total phosphorus, and available phosphorus content. Non-capillary porosity, capillary porosity, and available potassium content were most closely related to the diversity indices of the herb layer. The results show that the early stage of target tree management could increase the diversity of shrub layer, the richness of the herbaceous layer, and improve soil physicochemical properties given the close correlation between soil characteristics and undergrowth plant diversity.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-10-25