|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]张鲜,王睿,高扬,等.三峡库区兴山县大型担子菌的组成与生态特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(05):1099-1106.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.12062]
 ZHANG Xian,WANG Rui,GAO Yang,et al.Composition and ecological characteristics of macro-basidiomycetes in the Xingshan County of Three Gorges Reservoir Area[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(05):1099-1106.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.12062]
点击复制

三峡库区兴山县大型担子菌的组成与生态特征
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
25卷
期数:
2019年05期
页码:
1099-1106
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2019-10-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Composition and ecological characteristics of macro-basidiomycetes in the Xingshan County of Three Gorges Reservoir Area
作者:
张鲜王睿高扬闫淑珍陈双林
南京师范大学生命科学学院 南京 210023
Author(s):
ZHANG Xian WANG Rui GAO Yang YAN Shuzhen & CHEN Shuanglin**
College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
关键词:
担子菌三峡库区物种多样性生态特征
Keywords:
basidiomycetes Three Gorges Reservoir Area species diversity ecological characteristic
分类号:
Q949.329.08
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.12062
摘要:
为揭示湖北省兴山县蕴藏的大型担子菌物种多样性,2016年10月至2017年10月,对其全境大型担子菌的物种组成、分布及其营养类型进行调查研究,结合形态分类学和分子系统学方法对标本进行分类和鉴定. 结果表明:(1)该县大型担子菌有220种,归于13目46科114属,其中有1个中国新记录种:白孢冬生褶菌(Cheimonophyllum candidissimum). 优势属是乳菇属(Lactarius),共有12种;伞菌科(Agaricaceae)是优势科,共有18种;物种数最多的目是伞菌目(Agaricales),共有123种. (2)兴山县大型担子菌主要分布在常绿-落叶阔叶混交林和针阔混交林中,发生频数依次分别为173次和128次,针叶林、竹林、灌丛中分布较少,依次分别为16次、2次和12次. 春季发生的有72种,夏季发生的有105种,秋季发生的有92种,春、夏、秋季均发生的为8种. (3)土生菌116种,木生菌96种,凋落物栖生菌6种,粪生菌2种,土生菌兼外生菌根菌有27种. 由此可见,兴山县拥有丰富的大型担子菌资源,且具有以下特点:伞菌目为主,土生菌较多,多发生于常绿-落叶阔叶混交林中,夏季物种更丰富;本研究结果可为兴山县大型担子菌的多样性保护和资源开发利用以及进一步研究其生态作用奠定基础. (图3 表5 参35)
Abstract:
To elucidate the diversity of macro-basidiomycete species in Xingshan County of the Three Gorges Resrvoir of china, the composition, distribution, and trophic mode of the macro-basidiomycete species were systematically investigated from October 2016 to October 2017. Macro-basidiomycetes specimens were collected and identified via morphological taxonomy and molecular systematics. The results showed that (1) 220 species were recorded in the county, belonging to 13 orders, 46 families, and 114 genera. The genus with the largest number of species (12 species) was Lactarius, and the family with the largest number of species was the Agaricaceae (18 species). The order with the largest number of species was Agaricales (123 species). Cheimonophyllum candidissimum was newly recorded in China. (2) The macro-basidiomycetes in Xingshan County were mainly distributed in mixed evergreen-deciduous broad-leaved forests and mixed coniferous broad-leaved forests and were represented by 173 and 128 records, respectively, while fewer macro-basidiomycetes were distributed in coniferous forests (16 records), bamboo forests (two records), and shrubs (12 records). Only eight species were present during all sampling seasons, while 72 species occurred only in spring, 105 species occurred only in summer, and 92 species occurred only in autumn. (3) Based on their habitats, 116 species were geophilous, 96 species were lignicolous, six species were litter-inhabiting, two species were coprophilous, and 27 species were ectomycorrhizal and associated with geophilous species. Xingshan County is rich in macro-basidiomycete resources that have the following characteristics. Most macro-basidiomycetes belong to the order Agaricales and many are geophilous species. In addition, most macro-basidiomycetes occur in mixed evergreen-deciduous broad-leaved forests and are most abundant in summer. These research results provide a foundation for the protection of macro-basidiomycete diversity and the development and utilization of macro-basidiomycete resources in Xingshan County as well as for futures studies that evaluate the ecological value of macro-basidiomycetes.

参考文献/References:

1 熊杰, 曾源, 朱亮, 郑朝菊, 高文文, 赵新峰, 赵旦, 吴炳方. 近25年三峡库区土地覆被变化及驱动力分析[J]. 长江流域资源与环境, 2018, 27 (10): 2368-2378 [Xiong J, Zeng Y, Zhu L, Zheng ZJ, Gao WW, Zhao XF, Zhao D, Wu BF. Land cover changes and drivers in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area during 1990-2015 [J]. Res Environ Yangtza Basin, 2018, 27 (10): 2368-2378]
2 郭中伟, 李典谟. 湖北省兴山县移民安置区内生态系统的管理[J]. 应用生态学报, 2000, 11 (6): 819-826 [Guo ZW, Li DM. Ecosystem management of settlement area in Xingshan County [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2000, 11 (6): 819-826]
3 徐建霞,王建柱.三峡库区香溪河消落带植被群落特征与土壤环境相关性[J]. 生态学杂志, 2018, 37 (12): 3661-3669 [Xu JX, Wang JZ. Correlation between vegetation community and soil physical-chemical factors in water-level fluctuation zone of Xiangxi River of the Three Gorges Reservoir area [J]. Chin J Ecol, 2018, 37 (12): 3661-3669]
4 程辉, 吴胜军, 王小晓, 姜毅, 陈春娣, 王雨, 吕明权. 三峡库区生态环境效应研究进展[J]. 中国生态农业学报, 2015, 23 (02): 127-140 [Cheng H, Wu SJ, Wang XX, Jiang Y, Chen CD, Wang Y, Lü MQ. Research progress on the effects of the Three Gorges Reservoir on the ecological environment [J]. Chin J Eco-Agric, 2015, 23 (2): 127-140]
5 滕明君, 曾立雄, 肖文发, 周志翔, 黄志霖, 王鹏程, 佃袁勇. 长江三峡库区生态环境变化遥感研究进展[J]. 应用生态学报, 2014, 25 (12): 3683-3693 [Teng MJ, Zeng LX, Xiao WF, Zhou ZX, Huang ZL, Wang PC, Dian YY. Research progress on remote sensing of ecological and environmental changes in the Three Gorges Reservoir area, China [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2014, 25 (12): 3683-3693]
6 李克彬, 刘世玲, 朱红, 林建新. 三峡地区大型真菌资源初步调查[J]. 食用菌, 2015, 37 (4): 11-13 [Li KB, Liu SL, Zhu H, Lin JX. Preliminary investigation on macrofungal resources in the Three Gorges area [J]. Edible fungi, 2015, 37 (4): 11-13]
7 张家辉, 邓先保, 邓洪平, 杨蕊, 叶大进, 周光林. 缙云山国家级自然保护区大型真菌区系特征研究[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版), 2015, 37 (6): 43-47 [Zhang JH, Deng XB, Deng HP, Yang Y, Ye DJ, Zhou GL. Study on macrofungal flora of Jinyun Mountain National Nature Reserve in Chongqing [J]. J Southwest Univ (Nat Sci Ed), 2015, 37 (6): 43-47]
8 Qin J, Horak E, Popa F, Rexere KH, Kost G, Li F, Yang ZL. Species diversity, distribution patterns, and substrate specificity of Strobilurus [J]. Mycologia, 2018, 110 (3): 1-21
9 Caiafa M, Gómez-Hernández M, Williams-Linera G, Ramírez-Cruz V. Functional diversity of macromycete communities along an environmental gradient in a Mexican seasonally dry tropical forest [J]. Fungal Ecol, 2017, 28: 66-75
10 Rinaldi AC, Kuyper TW, Comandini O. Ectomycorrhizal fungal diversity: separating the wheat from the chaff [J]. Fungal Divers, 2008, 33: 1-45
11 Angelini P, Bistocchi G, Arcangeli A, Bricchi E, Venanzoni R. Diversity and ecological distribution of macrofungi in a site of community importance of Umbria (Central Italy) [J]. Open Ecol J, 2015, 8: 1-8
12 Copot O, Mardari C, Balaes T, Petre C, B?rsan C, T?nase C. Spatial distribution of some ectomycorrhizal fungi (Russulaceae, Fungi, Basidiomycota) in forest habitats from the NorthEast Region (Romania) [J]. J. Plant Dev, 2016, 23: 211-225
13 田自强, 陈玥, 陈伟烈, 胡东. 神农架龙门河地区的植被制图及植被现状分析[J]. 植物生态学报, 2002, 26 (增刊): 30-39 [Tian Z Q, Chen Y, Chen WL, Hu D. Vegetation mapping and analysis at Longmenhe region, Shennongjia, China [J]. Acta Phytoecol Sin, 2002, 26 (Suppl.): 30-39]
14 黄承石, 朱司甲, 胡蝶. 湖北省兴山县野生楠木资源调查[J]. 云南农业大学学报(自然科学), 2018, 33 (4): 721-728 [Huang CS, Zhu SJ, HU D. Investigation into the Wild Phoebe Resources in Xingshan County, Hubei Province [J]. J Yunnan Agric Univ (Nat Sci Ed), 2018, 33 (4): 721-728]
15 马强, 肖文发, 苏化龙. 湖北兴山红嘴相思鸟繁殖生态初报[J]. 动物学杂志, 2010, 45 (2): 46-51 [Ma Q, Xiao WF, Su HL. The preliminary study on breeding habit of Leiothrix lutea at Xingshan County, Hubei [J]. Chin J Zool, 2010, 45 (2): 46-51]
16 万忠银, 朱远军, 陈春芳.兴山县天然红豆树群落分布现状与保护对策[J]. 湖北林业科技, 2016, 45 (3): 72-74 [Wang ZY, Zhu YJ, Chen CF. Distribution status and protection countermeasures of natural community for Ormosia hosiei in Xingshan County [J]. Hubei For Sci Technol, 2016, 45 (3): 72-74]
17 陈启武, 朱兰宝, 杨新美. 神农架大型真菌资源及其开发利用[J]. 自然资源学报, 1996, 11 (3): 268-271 [Chen QW, Zhu LB, Yang XM. Development and utilization of the macro-fungus resources in the Shennongjia Forest District [J]. J Nat Resour, 1996, 11 (3): 268-271]
18 中国科学院神农架真菌地衣考察队. 神农架真菌与地衣[M]. 北京: 世界图书出版公司, 1989: 233-256 [Mycological and Lichenogical Expedition to Shennongjia, Academia Sinica. Fungi and Lichens of Shennongjia [M]. Beijing: World Publishing Corporation, 1989: 233-256]
19 Li J, Xiong HX, Dai YC. Polypores from Shennongjia Nature Reserve in Hubei Province, Central China [J]. Cryptogamie Mycol, 2008, 29 (3): 267-277
20 李玉, 李泰辉, 杨祝良, 图力古尔, 戴玉成. 中国大型菌物资源图鉴[M]. 郑州: 中原农民出版社, 2015 [Li Y, Li TH, Yang ZL, Bau T, Dai YC. Atlas of Chinese Macrofungal Resources [M]. Zhengzhou: Central China Farmer’s Publishing House, 2015]
21 Singer R. The Agaricales in Modern Taxonomy. 4th ed [M]. Koenigstein: Koeltz Scientific Books, 1986
22 Raja HA, Miller AN, Pearce CJ, Oberlies NH. Fungal identification using molecular tools: a primer for the natural products research community [J]. J Nat Prod, 2017, 80: 756-770
23 Hibbett D, Abarenkov K, K?ljalg U, ?pik M, Chai B, Cole J, Wang Q, Crous P, Robert V, Helgason T, Herr JR, Kirk P, Lueschow S, O’Donnell K, Nilsson RH, Oono R, Schoch C, Smyth C, Walker DM, Porras-Alfaro A, Taylor JW, Geiser DM. Sequence-based classification and identification of Fungi [J]. Mycologia, 2016, 108: 1049-1068
24 Qin J, Zhang W, Ge ZW, Zhang SB. Molecular identifications uncover diverse fungal symbionts of Pleione (Orchidaceae) [J]. Fungal Ecol, 2019, 37: 19-29
25 Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Stalpers JA. Dictionary of the Fungi [M]. 10th ed. Wallingford, Oxon: CAB International, 2008
26 卢维来, 魏铁铮, 王晓亮, 李熠, 吕鸿梅, 杨柳, 王文婧, 姚一建. 北京地区大型真菌多样性分析[J]. 菌物学报, 2015, 34 (5): 982-995 [Lu WL, Wei TZ, Wang XL, Li Y, Lv HM, Yang L, Wang WJ, Yao YJ. Species diversity of macrofungi in Beijing, China [J]. Mycosystema, 2015, 34 (5): 982-995]
27 张孝然, 周鑫, 黄治昊, 蒲真, 张秀丽, 王清春, 邢韶华. 北京八达岭森林公园大型真菌的组成及生态分布[J]. 干旱区资源与环境, 2017, 31 (8): 181-186 [Zhang XR, Zhou X, Huang ZH, Pu Z, Zhang XL, Wang QC, Xing SH. Ecological distribution of marcofungi in Badaling Forest Park, Beijing [J]. J Arid Land Resour Environ, 2017, 31 (8): 181-186]
28 张丽燕, 魏玉莲. 丰林自然保护区木材腐朽真菌发生规律及其物种多样性[J]. 生态学杂志, 2016, 35 (10): 2745-2751 [Zhang LY, Wei YL. Species diversity and distribution characters of wood-decaying fungi in Fenglin Nature Reverse [J]. Chin J Ecol, 2016, 35 (10): 2745-2751]
29 李付杰, 张丹, 沈飞, 李伟. 四川海螺沟风景区大型真菌资源调查及评价[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2014, 20 (2): 249-253 [Li FJ, Zhang D, Shen F, Li W. Investigation and evaluation of macro-fungi resources in the Hailuogou Scenic Area [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2014, 20 (2): 249-253]
30 王义勋, 陈京元, 林亲雄, 王业清, 郑志章. 后河自然保护区野生大型真菌资源调查[J]. 湖北林业科技, 2011 (1): 33-35+66 [Wang YX, Chen JY, Lin QX, Wang YQ, Zheng ZZ. Investigation on wild macrofungi in Houhe Nature Reserve [J]. Hubei For Sci Technol, 2011 (1): 33-35+66]
31 李娟, 魏玉莲, 戴玉成. 湖北省后河自然保护区的多孔菌[J]. 菌物研究, 2007 (4): 198-201 [Li J, Wei YL, Dai YC. Polypores from Houhe Nature Reserve in Hubei Province [J]. J Fungal Res, 2007 (4): 198-201]
32 Dvo?ák D, Va?utová M, Hofmeister J, Beran M, Ho?ek J, Betak J, Burel J, Deckerová H. Macrofungal diversity patterns in central European forests affirm the key importance of old-growth forests [J]. Fungal Ecol, 2017, 27:145-154.
33 B?rsan C, T?nase C, Mardari C, Cojocariu A. Diversity and ecological determinants of dead wood fungi in tree natural reserves of broad leaved forests from Suceava County [J]. J Plant Develop, 2014, 21: 153-160
34 Rudolph S, Maciá-vicente JG, Lotz-winter H, Schleuning M, Piepenbring M. Temporal variation of fungal diversity in a mosaic landscape in Germany [J]. Stud Mycol, 2018, 89: 95-104
35 孙晨, 刘敏. 再分析资料在三峡库区气候效应研究中的应用[J]. 长江流域资源与环境, 2018, 27 (9): 1998-2013 [Sun C, Liu M. Applications of reanalysis data in the study of climate effect over the Three Gorges Reservoir Area [J]. Res Environ Yangtza Basin, 2018, 27 (9): 1998-2013]

相似文献/References:

[1]杨少荣,高欣,马宝珊,等.三峡库区木洞江段鱼类群落结构的季节变化[J].应用与环境生物学报,2010,16(04):555.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00555]
 YANG Shaorong,GAO Xin,MA Baoshan,et al.Seasonal Dynamics of Fish Community in Mudong Section of the Three Gorges Reservoir of the Yangtze River, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2010,16(05):555.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00555]
[2]周先容,何兴金,周颂东,等.重庆大木山木本植物区系及植物资源特点[J].应用与环境生物学报,2011,17(05):624.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00624]
 ZHOU Xianrong,HE Xingjin,ZHOU Songdong,et al.Woody Flora and Plant Resources of the Damushan Nature Reserve in Chongqing, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2011,17(05):624.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00624]

更新日期/Last Update: 2019-10-25