|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]吴燕良,甘淼,于瑞德.天山东部西伯利亚落叶松径向生长对气候的响应及其物候模拟[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(06):1301-1311.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.12035]
 WU Yanliang,GAN Miao** & YU Ruide.Effect of climate on the radial growth of Larix sibirica and its phenological features in the eastern Tianshan Mountains[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(06):1301-1311.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.12035]
点击复制

天山东部西伯利亚落叶松径向生长对气候的响应及其物候模拟
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
25卷
期数:
2019年06期
页码:
1301-1311
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2019-12-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of climate on the radial growth of Larix sibirica and its phenological features in the eastern Tianshan Mountains
作者:
吴燕良甘淼于瑞德
1中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所荒漠与绿洲生态国家重点实验室 乌鲁木齐 830011 2中国科学院大学 北京 100049
Author(s):
WU Yanliang1 2 GAN Miao1** & YU Ruide1
1 State Key Laboratory of Desert and Oasis Eccology, Xinjiang Instituteof Ecology and Geography ,Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China 2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
关键词:
西伯利亚落叶松树木年轮VS-oscilloscope模型径向生长生长季物候
Keywords:
Larix sibirica tree ring VS-oscilloscope model radial growth growing season phenology of tree
分类号:
Q948.112
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.12035
摘要:
运用树轮气候学方法,探讨天山东部不同海拔西伯利亚落叶松(Larix sibirica)径向生长与气候因素和气候生态指标的关系,并借助VS-oscilloscope模型对落叶松的生长季物候进行模拟研究. 结果显示:(1)上限树木径向生长与3月降水呈显著正相关,与7、8月气温呈显著负相关(P < 0.05),下限树木径向生长与8、9月气温呈显著负相关(P < 0.05),与降水相关性不显著. (2)上下限树木生长与春季降水和夏季气温的相关性分别呈显著正相关和显著负相关(P < 0.05),与湿润指数的相关性呈显著正相关(P < 0.05). (3)VS-oscilloscope模型模拟结果显示:上下限落叶松平均每年生长季开始都提前了0.39 d,生长季结束都推迟了0.21 d,生长季长度都延长了0.60 d,上下限树木径向生长与生长季开始和结束的相关性分别是0.361(P < 0.01)和0.318(P < 0.05). (4)上下限树木生长季开始时间大多与气温呈负相关,而结束时间大多与气温呈正相关,降水对树木生长季物候的影响并不显著(P > 0.05). 本研究表明海拔差异明显影响树木径向生长对单月气候的响应,而对季节性气候因子和气候生态指数的响应影响不明显;温度对树木生长季物候的影响较为明显,且海拔差异不能影响温度对树木生长季物候的限制;本研究结果有助于更加深入地了解气候变化对森林生态系统的影响,可为天山地区气候因子重建提供一定生理背景支持. (图8 表5 参48)
Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to explore how the radial growth of the larch (Larix sibirica) is affected by the climate and to identify the phenological features of L. sibirica during its growing season by collecting ring samples from the cores of trees growing at different elevations. The tree ring width chronologies were established using data from the core samples of L. sibirica specimens collected from the eastern Tianshan Mountains. The relationships between L. sibirica standard chronologies and the monthly precipitation, temperature, season indicators, and eco-climatic variables were analyzed using the data collected from the Balikun meteorological stations. The process-based VS-oscilloscope model was used to simulate the phenology of the growing season. (1) On the upper tree-line site, there was a significant positive correlation between the radial growth of L. sibirica with precipitation levels in March. By contrast, a significant negative correlation between radial growth and temperatures in July and August was also identified (P < 0.05). On the lower tree-line site, there was a significant negative effect of temperature in August and September on the radial growth of L. sibirica (P < 0.05); however, the correlation between tree radial growth and precipitation was not significant. (2) Significant positive and negative correlations were identified between the standard chronology at the upper and lower forest border and the precipitation in spring and the temperature in Summer, respectively (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, the growth of trees is positively correlated with the humidity index (P < 0.05). (3) The VS-oscilloscope model simulation shows that according to the upper and lower tree-line sites, the start of the growing season has advanced by 0.39 d/year and the end of the growing season has postponed by 0.21 d/year, thus causing the duration of the growing season to be extended by 0.60 d/year. The correlation coefficients between the growth of upper and lower forest border trees and the beginning and end of the growing season are 0.361(P < 0.01) and 0.318(P < 0.05), respectively. (4) For the upper and lower border trees, the beginning of the growing season is negatively correlated with the relativity of temperature. By contrast, the end of the growing season is positively correlated to the relativity of temperature in most cases. The effect of precipitation on the phenology of the trees during the growing season is not significant (P > 0.05). Our results show that variations in altitude greatly influence the radial growth of trees in response to the singular monthly climate. Meanwhile, the trees’ radial growth in response to seasonal climate factors and climate ecological indices is independent of elevations. It is obvious that temperature influences the phenology of trees during the growing season. At the same time, differences in altitude cannot influence the temperate limitation on the phenology of trees during the growing season. This research can help us better understand the impact of climate change on forest ecosystems and provide some support to the reconstruction of climatic factors in the Tianshan region.

参考文献/References:

1. 邵雪梅, 方修琦, 刘洪滨, 黄磊. 柴达木东缘山地千年祁连圆柏年轮定年分析[J]. 地理学报, 2003, 58 (1): 90-100 [Shao XM, Fang XQ, Liu HB, Huang L. Dating the 1000-year-old Qilin Juniper (Sabina przewalskii Kom) in mountains along the eastern margin of the Qaidam basin [J]. Acta Geogr Sin, 2003, 58 (1): 90-100]
2. 于健, 刘琪璟, 徐倩倩, 罗春旺, 王红梅, 李俊清. 长白山东坡植被指数变化及其对气候变化的响应[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2015, 21 (2): 323-332 [Yu J, Liu QJ, Xu QQ, Luo CW, Wang HM, Li JQ. Variation of vegetation index in response to climate change on the eastern slope of Changbai Mountain, Northeast China [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2015, 21 (2): 323-332]
3. 王晓明, 赵秀海, 高露双, 姜庆彪. 长白山北坡沿海拔梯度岳桦径向生长对气候的响应[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2013, 19 (6): 929-934 [Wang XM, Zhao XH, Gao LS, Jiang QB. Climatic response to Betula ermanii tree-ring growth along an altitudinal gradient on the Northern slope of the Changbai Mountains [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2013, 19 (6): 929-934]
4. 王婷, 于瑞德, 杨美琳, 冯如, 康静静. 天山中部山区不同胸径天山云杉对气候的响应[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2016, 22 (4): 579-585 [Wang T, Yu RD, Yang ML, Feng R, Kang JJ. Diameter-dependent growth responses of Picea schrenkiana to climate in the middle brae of Tianshan Mountain [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2016, 22 (4): 579-585]
5. Shashkin AV, Vaganov EA. Simulation model of climatically determined varikity of confers annual increment (on the example of csots pine in the steppe zone) [J]. Russ J Ecol, 1993, 24: 275-280
6. Fritts HC. Tree Rings and Climate [M]. London: Academic Press, 1976
7. Shishov VV, Tychkov II, Popkava MI, Ilyin VA, Bryukhanova MV, Kirdyanov AV. VS-oscilloscope: a new tool to parameterize tree radial growth based on climate conditions [J]. Dendrochronologia, 2016, 39: 42-50
8. He MH, Shishov V, Kaparova N, Yang B, Br?uning A, Grie?inger J. Process-based modeling of tree-ring formation and its relationships with climate on the Tibetan Plateau [J]. Dendrochronologia, 2017, 42: 31-41
9. Yang B, He MH, Shishov V, Tychkov I, Vaganov E, Rossi S, Ljungqvist FC, Br?uning A, Grie?inger J. New perspective on spring vegetation phenology and global climate change based on Tibetan Plateau tree-ring data [J]. PNAS, 2017, 114 (27): 6966-6971
10. He MH, Yang B, Shishov V, Rossi S, Br?uning A, Ljungqvist FC, Grie?inger J. Projections for the changes in growing season length of tree-ring formation on the Tibetan Plateau based on CMIP5 model simulations [J]. Int J Biometeorol, 2018, 62 (4): 631-641
11. Popkova MI, Vaganov EA, Shishov VV, Babushkina EA, Rossi S, Fonti MV, Fonti P. Modeled tracheidograms disclose drought influence on Pinus sylvestris tree-rings structure from Siberian forest steppe [J]. Front Plant Sci, 2018, 9: 1144
12. Arzac A, Babushkina EA, Fonti P, Slobodchikova V, Sviderskaya IV, Vaganov EA. Evidences of wider latewood in Pinus sylvestris from a forest-steppe of southern Siberia [J]. Dendrochronologia, 2018, 49: 1-8
13. 徐宁, 王晓春, 张远东,刘世荣. 川西米亚罗林区不同海拔岷江冷杉生长对气候变化的响应. 生态学报, 2013, 33 (12): 3742-3751 [Xu N, Wang XC, Zhang YD, Liu SR. Climate-growth relationships of Abies faxoniana from different elevations at Miyaluo, western Sichuan, China [M]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2013, 33 (12): 3742-3751]
14. Shen CC, Wang LL, Li MY. The altitudinal variability and temporal instability of climate-tree ring growth relationships for Changbai larch (Larix olgensis) in the Changbai Mountains area, Jilin, northeastern China [J]. Trees, 2016, 30 (3): 901-912
15. 喻树龙, 袁玉江, 秦莉, 尚华明, 张同文, 陈峰, 张瑞波, 范子昂. 天山北坡中部不同海拔高度雪岭云杉树轮宽度气候响应对比分析[J]. 沙漠与绿洲气象, 2016, 10 (3): 30-38 [Yu SL, Yuan YJ, Qin L, Shang HM, Zhang TW, Chen F, Zhang RB, Fang ZA. Tree-ring growth response of Picea schrenkiana to climate change for different elevation in the central of Tianshan Mountains [J]. Desert Oasis Meteorol, 2016, 10 (3): 30-38]
16. 张同文, 袁玉江, 魏文寿, 何清, 张瑞波, 喻树龙, 陈峰. 开都河中游地区雪岭云杉林上下限树轮宽度对比及其气候响应分析[J]. 干旱区地理, 2013, 36 (4): 680-690 [ Zhang TW, Yuan YJ, Wei WS, He Q, Zhang RB, Yu SL, Chen F. Contrastive analysis and climate response of tree-ring width of Picea schrenkoana at the upper and lower forest limits in the middle section of the Kaiduhe River watershed [J]. Arid Land Geogr, 2013, 36 (4): 680-690]
17. Qin C, Yang B, Melvin TM, Fan ZX, Zhao Y, Briffa KR. Radial growth of qilian juniper on the Northeast Tibetan Plateau and potential climate associations [J]. PLoS ONE, 2013, 8 (11): e79362
18. 郭艳飞, 甘淼, 杨美琳, 他志杰, 于瑞德. 天山东部树木径向生长与NDVI的关系[J]. 干旱区资源与环境, 2018, 32 (3): 176-180 [Guo YF, Gan M, Yang ML, Ta ZJ, Yu RD. Relationship between tree radial growth and normalized difference vegetation index in eastern Tianshan Mountains [J]. J Arid Land Res Environ, 2018, 32 (3): 176-180]
19. 史彦江, 宋锋惠, 卡得尔, 陈同森. 新疆落叶松地理种源区划[J]. 东北林业大学学报, 2001, 29 (5): 15-17 [Shi YJ, Song FH, Ka DE, Chen TS. Geographical provenance division of Larix sibirica [J]. J Northeast For Univ, 2001, 29 (5): 15-17]
20. Stokes MA, Smiley TL. An Introduction to Tree-ring Dating [M]. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1968
21. Holmes RL. Computer-assisted quality control in tree-ring dating and measurement [J]. Tree-ring bull, 1983, 43 (1): 69-78
22. Cook ER. A Time Series Analysis Approach to Tree-ring Standardization [M]. Tucson: The University of Arizona Press, 1985
23. 戴君虎, 邵雪梅, 崔海亭, 葛全胜, 刘鸿雁, 唐志尧. 太白山树木年轮宽度资料对过去生态气候要素的重建[J]. 第四纪研究, 2003, 23 (4): 428-435 [Dai JH, Shao XM, Cui HT, Ge QS, Liu HZ, Tang ZY. Reconstruction of past eco-climate by tree-ring width index of Larix chinensis on Taibai Mountains [J]. Quaternary Sci, 2003, 23 (4): 428-435]
24. 陈兰, 李书恒, 侯丽, 史阿荣, 白红英. 基于Vaganov-Shashkin模型的太白红杉径向生长对气候要素的响应[J]. 应用生态学报, 2017, 28 (8): 2470-2480 [Chen L, Li SH, Hou L, Shi AR, Bai HY. Response of Larix chinensis radial growth to climatic factors based on Vaganov-Shashkin model [J]. Chin J Appl Ecolo, 2017, 28 (8): 2470-2480]
25. 曹宗英, 勾晓华, 刘文火, 高琳琳, 张芬. 祁连山中部青海云杉上下限树轮宽度年表对气候的响应差异[J]. 干旱区资源与环境, 2014, 28 (7): 29-34 [Cao YZ, Gou XH, Liu WH, Gao LL, Zhang F. Response of tree-ring to climate factors at the upper and lower in the Middle region Qilian Mountains [J]. J Arid Land Res Environ, 2014, 28 (7): 29-34]
26. 王婷. 天山中部不同海拔高度天山云杉林的生态学研究[D]. 武汉: 武汉大学, 2004 [Wang T. Ecological study on Picea schrenkiana forest along an altitudinal gradient in the central Tianshan Mountains [D].Wuhan: Wuhan University, 2004]
27. 张贇, 尹定财, 孙梅, 李丽萍, 田昆, 张卫国. 滇西北石卡雪山2个针叶树种森林上限径向生长对温度和降水的响应[J]. 生态学报, 2018, 38 (7): 2442-2449 [Zhang Y, Yin DC, Sun M, Li LP, Tian K, Zhang WG. Radial growth response of two conifers to temperature and precipitation at upper forest limits in Shika Snow Mountain, Northwestern Yunnan Plateau [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2018, 38 (7): 2442-2449]
28. 赵学鹏, 白学平, 李俊霞, 王丽丽, 张先亮, 陆旭, 陈振举. 气候变暖背景下不同海拔长白落叶松对气候变化的响应[J]. 生态学杂志, 2019, 38 (3): 637-647 [Zhao XP, Bai XP, Li JX, Wang LL, Zhang XL, Lu X, Chen ZJ. Response of Larix olgensis at different elevations to climate change in the context of climate warming [J]. Chin J Ecol, 2019, 38 (3): 637-647]
29. 张艳静, 郑宏伟, 于瑞德, 杨美琳, 石冰冰, 王蕾. 天山东西部雪岭云杉径向生长对气候变暖的响应差异[J]. 生态学杂志, 2017, 36 (8): 2149-2159 [Zhang YJ, Zheng HW, Yu RD, Yang ML, Shi BB, Wang L. Difference in response of radial growth of Picea schrenkiana to climate warming in the East and West of Tianshan Mountains [J]. Chin J Ecol, 2017, 36 (8): 2149-2159]
30. Tardif J, Camarero JJ, Ribas M, Gutierrez E. Spatio temporal variability in tree growth in the Central Pyrenees: climatic and site in-fluences [J]. Ecol Monogr, 2003, 73 (2): 241-257
31. 王亚军, 陈发虎, 勾晓华, 杜淑英. 祁连山中部树木年轮宽度与气候因子的响应关系及气候重建[J]. 中国沙漠, 2001, 21 (2): 135-140 [Wang YJ, Chen FH, Gou XH, Du SY. Study on response relationship between tree-ring width and climatic factors and climate reconstruction in Middle region of Qilian Mountains [J]. J Desert Res, 2001, 21 (2): 135-140]
32. Zhang YX, Shao XM, Xu Y, WILMKING M. Process-based modeling analyses of Sabina przewalski growth response to climate factors around the northeastern Qaidam Basin [J]. Chin Sci Bull, 2011, 56: 1518-1525
33. Chen L, Wu SH, Pan T. Variability of climate-growth relationships along an elevation gradient in the Changbai Mountain, northeastern China [J]. Trees, 2011, 25 (6): 1133-1139
34. Dawadi B, Liang E, Tian L, Devkota LP, Yao T. Pre-monsoon precipitation signal in tree rings of timber line Betula utilis in the central Himalayas [J]. Quatern Int, 2013, 283: 72-77
35. 曹仪植, 宋占午. 植物生理学[M]. 兰州: 兰州大学出版社, 1998: 375-383 [Cao YZ, Song ZW. Plant Physiology [M]. Lanzhou: Lanzhou University Press, 1998: 375-383]
36. 郭滨德, 张远东, 王晓春. 川西高原不同坡向云、冷杉树轮对快速升温的响应差异[J]. 应用生态学报, 2016, 27 (2): 354-364 [Guo BD, Zhang YD, Wang XC. Response of Picea purpurea and Abies faxonianai tree rings at different slopes aspects to rapid warming in the western Sichuan, China [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2016, 27 (2): 354-364]
37. 勾晓华, 陈发虎, 杨梅学, 彭剑峰, 强维亚, 陈拓. 祁连山中部地区树轮宽度年表特征随海拔高度的变化[J]. 生态学报, 2004, 24 (1):172-176 [Gou XH, Chen FH, Yang MX, Peng JF, Qiang WY, Chen T. Analysis of tree-ring width chronology of Qilian Mountains at different elevation [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2004, 24 (1):172-176]
38. 秦莉, 袁玉江, 喻树龙, 范子昂, 尚华明, 陈峰, 张同文. 赛里木湖流域雪岭云杉(Picea schrenkiana)树木径向生长对气候变化的响应[J]. 中国沙漠, 2015, 35 (1): 113-119 [ Qin L, Yuan YJ, Yu SL, Fan ZA, Shang HM, Chen F, Zhang TW. Response of tree-ring growth of Picea schrenkiana to climate change in the Sayram Lake Basin, Xinjiang, China [J]. J Desert Res, 2015, 35 (1): 113-119]
39. 彭剑峰, 勾晓华, 陈发虎, 李金豹. 天山云杉和西伯利亚落叶松的树轮气候记录[J]. 生态环境, 2005, 14 (4): 460-465 [Peng JF, Gou XH, Chen FH, Li JB. Climatic records of tree-ring width in Picea schrenkiana Fisch and Larix sibirica Ledb [J]. Ecol Environ, 2005, 14 (4): 460-465]
40. 彭剑峰, 勾晓华, 陈发虎, 李金豹, 刘普幸, 田沁花, 张永, 张永香. 天山东部西伯利亚落叶松树轮生长对气候要素的响应分析[J]. 生态学报, 2006, 26 (8): 2723-2731 [Peng JF, Gou XH, Chen FH, Li JB, Liu PX, Tian QH, Zhang Y, Zhang YX. The responses of growth ring width variations of Larix sibirica Ledb to climatic change in eastern Tianshan Mountains [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2006, 26 (8): 2723-2731]
41. Tychkov II, Sviderskaya IV, Babushkina EA, Popkova MA, Vaganov EA, Shishov VV. How can the parameterization of a process-based model help us understand real tree-ring growth? [J]. Trees, 2018: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00468-018-1780-2
42. Zhang YX, Wilmking M, Gou XH. Changing relationships between tree growth and climate in Northwest China [J]. Plant Ecol, 2009, 201: 39-50
43. He MH, Yang B, Shishov V, Rossi S, Br?uning A, Ljungqvist FC, Grie?inger J. Relationships between wood formation and cambium phenology on the Tibetan Plateau during 1960-2014 [J]. Forests, 2018, 9 (2): 84
44. Gruber A, Zimmermann J, Wieser G, Oberhuber W. Effects of climate variables on intra-annual stem radial increment in Pinus cembra (L.) along the alpine treeline ecotone [J]. Ann For Sci, 2009 , 66 (5): 503
45. Kaufmann RK, D’Arrigo RD, Laskowski C, Myneni RB, Zhou L, Davi NK. The effect of growing season and summer greenness on northern forests [J]. Geophys Res Lett, 2004, 31 (9): 111-142
46. Zhang JZ, Gou XH, Zhang YX , Lu M. Xu XY, Zhang F, Liu WH, Gao LL. Forward modeling analyses of Qilian Juniper (Sabina przewalskii) growthin response to climate factors in different regions of the Qilian Mountains, northwestern China [J]. Trees, 2015, 30 (1): 175-188
47. 李宗善, 刘国华, 傅伯杰, 张齐兵, 胡婵娟, 罗淑政. 川西卧龙国家级自然保护区树木生长对气候响应的时间稳定性评估[J]. 植物生态学报, 2010, 34 (9): 1045-1057 [Li ZS, Liu GH, Fu BJ, Hu CJ, Luo SZ. Evaluation of temporal stability in tree growth-climate response in Wolong National Natural Reserve, Western Sichuan, China [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2010, 34 (9): 1045-1057]
48. 张军周. 祁连山树木形成层活动及年内径向生长动态监测研究[D]. 兰州: 兰州大学, 2018 [Zhang JZ. Cambial phenology and intra-annual radial growth dynamis of conofers over the Qilian Mountains [D]. Lanzhou: Lanzhou University, 2018]
49.

更新日期/Last Update: 2019-12-25