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[1]铁烈华,白文玉,冯茂松,等.柏木低效林5种改造措施对土壤动物和土壤理化性质的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(05):1053-1060.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.10010]
 TIE Liehua,BAI Wenyu,FENG Maosong**,et al.Effects of five low-benefit Cupressus funebris recovery measures on soil fauna and physical and chemical properties[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(05):1053-1060.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.10010]
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柏木低效林5种改造措施对土壤动物和土壤理化性质的影响
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
25卷
期数:
2019年05期
页码:
1053-1060
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2019-10-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of five low-benefit Cupressus funebris recovery measures on soil fauna and physical and chemical properties
作者:
铁烈华白文玉冯茂松吴韬李文兵韩东苗
四川农业大学林学院 成都 611130
Author(s):
TIE Liehua BAI Wenyu FENG Maosong** WU Tao LI Wenbing & HAN Dongmiao
College of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
关键词:
低效林柏木土壤理化性质土壤动物
Keywords:
low-benefit Cupressus funebris soil physical and chemical property soil fauna
分类号:
S714.2
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.10010
摘要:
为了解不同柏木低效林改造措施对土壤生态系统结构与功能的影响,采用随机区组设计方法共设置5种改造措施,即柏木林下种核桃+牧草(草木犀,措施I;黑麦草,措施II)、核桃+覆盖物(遮阴网,措施III;玉米秸秆,措施IV)、核桃(措施V),研究柏木低效林5种改造措施对土壤动物和土壤理化性质的影响. 结果表明:与CK和措施V相比,措施I-IV增加(P < 0.05)了土壤动物个体密度、类群数,改变了土壤动物群落组成,且措施IV的土壤动物个体密度、类群数最大;措施V对土壤动物个体密度和类群数影响不显著(P > 0.05),但改变了土壤动物群落组成;不同改造措施对土壤动物垂直分布的影响略有不同;措施I-II显著影响了土壤全K含量、容重、田间持水率和总孔隙度,措施III显著(P < 0.05)增加了土壤全K含量,措施IV显著(P < 0.05)增加了土壤全N、全K含量和总孔隙度,措施V显著(P < 0.05)降低了土壤有机质含量. 可见,柏木林下种核桃+牧草、核桃+覆盖物增加了土壤动物多样性和土壤养分含量,改变了土壤动物群落组成和垂直分布,可能会提高土壤生态系统结构与功能,且柏木林下种核桃+玉米秸秆的效果可能更佳. (图4 表5 参35)
Abstract:
A field experiment was conducted to explore the effects of five low-benefit cypress recovery measures on the physical and chemical properties of, and fauna present in, soil to better understand the structure and function of soil ecosystems. Five recovery measures (I-V) and a control (CK) were set by a randomized block design as follows: (I) planting walnut + Melilotus officinalis under cypress-forest, (II) planting walnut + Lolium perenne under cypress-forest, (III) planting walnut + shade net under cypress-forest, (IV) planting walnut + corn straw litter under cypress-forest, (V) planting walnut under cypress-forest, and CK cypress-forest without planting. The density and groups of soil fauna for measures I-IV were significantly higher than those for CK and measure V (P < 0.05), indicating that soil fauna compositions were altered by measures I-IV. Measure IV showed the largest soil fauna density and number of groups, while measure V affected soil fauna composition but had no effect on soil fauna density or number of groups (P > 0.05). The spatial distributions of soil fauna for the different measures were slightly different. Measure I and II significantly affected the total K content, bulk density, field water holding capacity, and total porosity of the soil (P < 0.05). Measure III significantly increased the total K content of the soil (P < 0.05). Measure IV significantly increased the total N and K content and the total porosity of the soil (P < 0.05). Measure V significantly reduced soil organic matter content (P < 0.05). The recovery measures of planting walnut + grass and walnut + cover increased soil fauna diversity and nutrient content while altering the composition and spatial distribution of soil fauna, which may improve the structure and function of the soil ecosystem. Planting walnut + corn straw litter under cypress-forest may be the best recovery measure.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-10-25