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[1]张晋东,李玉杰,王玉君,等.两种野生大熊猫种群数量调查方法对比[J].应用与环境生物学报,2017,23(06):1142-1147.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.01010]
 ZHANG Jindong**,LI Yujie,WANG Yujun,et al.Comparison of two population investigation methods for wild giant pandas[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2017,23(06):1142-1147.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.01010]
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两种野生大熊猫种群数量调查方法对比()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
23卷
期数:
2017年06期
页码:
1142-1147
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2017-12-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Comparison of two population investigation methods for wild giant pandas
作者:
张晋东 李玉杰 王玉君 欧阳志云 乔麦菊 张和民
1西华师范大学生命科学学院 南充 637002 2中国科学院生态环境研究中心城市与区域生态国家重点实验室 北京 100085 3中国大熊猫保护研究中心 四川卧龙 623006
Author(s):
ZHANG Jindong1** LI Yujie1 WANG Yujun1 OUYANG Zhiyun2 QIAO Maiju3 & ZHANG Hemin3
1 College of Life Sciences, China West Normal University, Nanchong 637002, China 2 State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-environmental Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China 3 China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda, Wolong Nature Reserve, Wenchuan 623006, China
关键词:
大熊猫种群数量距离-咬节区分法分子生物学法卧龙自然保护区
Keywords:
giant panda population number distance-bamboo stem fragments method molecular biology method Wolong Nature Reserve
分类号:
Q959.838.08 : Q3
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.01010
摘要:
准确调查野生大熊猫种群数量是大熊猫保护的基础. 目前两种主要的大熊猫种群数量调查方法(距离-咬节区分法与分子生物学方法)在准确性、可操作性、成本等方面尚存在争议. 在卧龙自然保护区大熊猫主要分布区域,同时利用距离-咬节区分法与分子生物学的方法估算大熊猫种群数量. 结果表明,与分子生物学方法相比较,传统的距离-咬节区分法估算的结果相对保守,估算结果不到前者的50%. 结合大熊猫移动模式特征,建议在大熊猫高密度分布区域适当降低距离区分阈值,以提高距离-咬节区分法的灵敏性. (图2 表1 参24)
Abstract:
The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is a flagship species of wildlife protection. Much attention has been paid to its survival status and conservation. Population size serves as the basis for giant-panda conservation. So far, the accuracy, operability, and cost of two main survey methods of panda population estimation (distance-bamboo stem fragments method and molecular biological method) have been controversial. We estimated the panda population using both the distance-bamboo stem fragments method and molecular biological method in the main panda distribution areas of the Wolong Nature Reserve in China, and compared the advantages and disadvantages of the two methods. The results showed a more than 50% lower population estimate for the distance-bamboo stem fragments method compared to the molecular biological method. To improve the sensitivity of the methods for identifying panda individuals and considering the characteristics of giant panda behavior, we propose to reduce the distance threshold value for identifying different individuals in the high-density area of a giant-panda distribution.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2017-12-25