|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]李明锐,钟伟,杨志新,等.矿区周边农田冬种蚕豆、油菜对土壤性质的影响及作物镉铅累积特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2017,23(05):845-850.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.11015]
 LI Mingrui,ZHONG Wei,YANG Zhixin,et al.Effects of cultivation of faba bean and rape in winter on partial properties of soil in farmlands surrounding mining area and characteristics of cadmium and lead accumulation in crops[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2017,23(05):845-850.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.11015]
点击复制

矿区周边农田冬种蚕豆、油菜对土壤性质的影响及作物镉铅累积特征()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
23卷
期数:
2017年05期
页码:
845-850
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2017-10-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of cultivation of faba bean and rape in winter on partial properties of soil in farmlands surrounding mining area and characteristics of cadmium and lead accumulation in crops
作者:
李明锐钟伟杨志新李元祖艳群湛方栋
云南农业大学资源与环境学院 昆明 650201
Author(s):
LI Mingrui ZHONG Wei YANG Zhixin LI Yuan ZU Yanqun & ZHAN Fangdong**
College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming 650201, China
关键词:
冬种作物土壤养分微生物数量酶活性Cd含量Pb含量
Keywords:
winter crop soil nutrient microorganism quantity enzyme activity cadmium content lead content
分类号:
S154:X173
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.11015
摘要:
蚕豆和油菜是云南铅锌矿周边农田主要的冬季作物. 通过大田试验,以空闲地为对照,研究冬种蚕豆和油菜对土壤速效养分含量、微生物数量与酶活性的影响及其镉(Cd)、铅(Pb)累积特征,结果表明:(1)与冬季空闲地相比,种植蚕豆显著增加四月农田土壤碱解氮、速效磷和速效钾的含量,分别增加1.8倍、30.08%和72.5%;种植油菜显著增加二月和四月农田土壤速效钾的含量,增幅为9.2%和106.5%. (2)种植蚕豆和油菜均显著增加二月和四月土壤细菌、放线菌和真菌的数量,以及四月农田土壤脲酶和过氧化氢酶的活性,且种植蚕豆土壤微生物数量增长大于种植油菜. (3)蚕豆主要在根部累积Cd和Pb,含量分别为11.7和107.6 mg/kg;油菜主要在根和茎叶累积Cd和Pb. (4)土壤细菌和放线菌数量、土壤脲酶活性与速效养分含量间呈显著或极显著正相关,土壤细菌数量与脲酶活性间呈极显著正相关. 可见,冬季种植蚕豆和油菜显著改变铅锌矿周边Cd、Pb污染农田土壤的化学与生物学性质,并存在农作物Cd、Pb含量偏高的环境风险. (图4 表1 参33)
Abstract:
The farmlands surrounding a lead/zinc mine in Yunnan Province have been polluted by heavy metals. Faba bean and rape are the major winter crops cultivated in the lead/zinc mining area. This study was aimed at analyzing the effects of crop cultivation on soil properties, and comprehensively understanding the environmental effects of agricultural production in the heavy metal-polluted area. In a field experiment with vacant land as the control, the effects of the cultivation of faba bean and rape in winter on the levels of available soil nutrients, microbial numbers, enzyme activities, and characteristics of Cd and Pb accumulation in the two plants were studied. Faba bean cultivation significantly increased the levels of alkali-hydrolyzable nitrogen, available phosphorus, and available potassium in the soil in April by 1.8 times, 30.08%, and 72.5%, respectively. Rape cultivation significantly increased available potassium level in the soil in February and April by 9.2% and 106.5%, respectively. The cultivation of both faba bean and rape significantly increased the numbers of soil bacteria, actinomycetes, and fungi in February and April and activities of soil urease and catalase in April; further, the increase in the numbers of soil microorganisms through faba bean cultivation was higher than that through rape cultivation. Faba bean and rape accumulated certain levels of Cd and Pb. The main organ accumulating Cd and Pb was the root in faba bean, and their levels were 11.7 and 107.6 mg/kg, respectively. Rape mainly accumulated Cd and Pb in the roots, stems, and leaves. There were significant or highly significant, positive relationships between the numbers of soil microorganisms and urease activity and the levels of available soil nutrients; there was a highly significant, positive relationship between the soil bacterial number and urease activity. Crop cultivation notably changed the chemical and biological properties of the Cd- and Pb-polluted soil in the farmlands surrounding the lead/zinc mine; however, there were environmental risks of high Cd and Pb levels in the crops, as well.

参考文献/References:

1 韩润生, 刘丛强, 黄智龙, 陈进, 马德云, 李元. 论云南会泽富铅锌矿床成矿模式[J]. 矿物学报, 2001, 21 (4): 674-680 [Han RS, Liu CQ, Huang ZL, Chen J, Ma DY, Li Y. Genesis modeling of Huize lead-zinc ore deposit in Yunnan [J]. Acta Mineral Sin, 2001, 21 (4): 674-680]
2 李敬伟, 湛方栋, 何永美, 郭先华, 李明锐, 祖艳群, 李元. 云南会泽铅锌矿区土壤理化与生物学性质[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2014, 20 (5): 906-912 [Li JW, Zhan FD, He YM, Guo XH, Li MR, Zu YQ, Li Y. Physicochemical and biological properties of soils from Huize lead-zinc mining area of Yunnan [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2014, 20 (5): 906-912]
3 邹小冷, 祖艳群, 李元, 湛方栋. 云南某铅锌矿区周边农田土壤Cd、Pb 分布特征及风险评价[J]. 农业环境科学学报, 2014, 33 (11): 2143-2148 [Zou XL, Zu YQ, Li Y, Zhan FD. Pollution and health risk assessment of cadmium and lead in cultivated soils and crops surrounding a lead-zinc mine in Yunnan province [J]. J. Agro-Environ Sci, 2014, 33 (11): 2143-2148]
4 Sungur A, Soylak M, Yilmaz E, Yilmaz, S, Ozcan H. Characterization of heavy metal fractions in agricultural soils by sequential extraction procedure: the relationship between soil properties and heavy metal fractions [J]. Soil Sed Contam, 2015, 24 (1): 1-15
5 Jin ZJ, Li ZY, Li Q, Hu QG, Yang RM, Tang HF, Li M, Huang BF, Zhang JY, Li GW. Canonical correspondence analysis of soil heavy metal pollution, microflora and enzyme activities in the Pb–Zn mine tailing dam collapse area of Sidi village, SW China [J]. Environ Earth Sci, 2015, 73 (1): 267-274
6 Ma SC, Zhang HB, Ma ST, Wang R, Wang GX, Shao Y, Li CX. Effects of mine wastewater irrigation on activities of soil enzymes and physiological properties, heavy metal uptake and grain yield in winter wheat [J]. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf, 2015, 113: 483-490
7 Harris TM, Hottle TA, Soratana K, Klane J, Landis AE. Life cycle assessment of sunflower cultivation on abandoned mine land for biodiesel production [J]. J Cleaner Prod, 2016, 112: 182-195
8 肖众波, 段宗颜, 金航, 胡万里, 陈拾华, 魏朝富. 小麦/蚕豆间作体系中的氮节约效应及产量优势[J]. 植物营养与肥料学报, 2007, 13 (2): 267-271 [Xiao ZB, Duan ZY, Jin H, Hu WL, Chen SH, Wei CF. Spared N response and yields advantage of intercropped wheat and faba bean [J]. Plant Nutr Fertil Sci, 2007, 13 (2): 267-271]
9 Jensen ES, Peoples MB, Hauggaard-Nielsen H. Faba bean in cropping systems [J]. Field Crops Res, 2010, 115 (3): 203-216
10 张树杰, 王汉中. 我国油菜生产应对气候变化的对策和措施分析[J]. 中国油料作物学报, 2012, 34 (1): 114-122 [Zhang SJ, Wang HZ. Policies and strategies analyses of rapeseed production response to climate change in China [J]. Chin J Oil Crop Sci, 2012, 34 (1): 114-122]
11 Houben D, Evrard L, Sonnet P. Beneficial effects of biochar application to contaminated soils on the bioavailability of Cd, Pb and Zn and the biomass production of repeseed (Brassica napus L.) [J]. Biomass Bioenergy, 2013, 57: 196-204
12 邹娟, 鲁剑巍, 陈防, 李银水. 我国冬油菜区土壤肥力变化及施肥效果演变[J]. 中国油料作物学报, 2011, 33 (3): 275-279 [Zou J, Lu JW, Chen F, Li YS. Variation of soil fertility and evolution of fertilizer efficiency in winter rapeseed region of China [J]. Chin J Oil Crop Sci, 2011, 33 (3): 275-279]
13 鲁如坤主编. 土壤农业化学分析方法[M]. 北京: 中国农业科技出版社, 1999: 474-489 [Lu RK. The Chemical Analysis Methods for Soil in Agriculture [M]. Beijing: Chinese Agriculture Science and Technology Press, 1999: 474-489]
14 李振高, 骆永明, 滕应. 土壤与环境微生物研究法[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 2008 [Li ZG, Luo YM, Teng Y. Soil and Environmental Microbiology Research Methods [M]. Beijing: Science Press, 2008]
15 鲍士旦. 土壤农化分析[M]. 3版. 北京: 中国农业出版社, 2000 [Bao SD. Analysis of Soil and Agrochemicals [M]. 3rd ed. Beijing: China Agriculture Press, 2000]
16 关松荫. 土壤酶及其研究法[M]. 北京: 农业出版社, 1986: 28-32 [Guan SY. Soil Enzyme and its Research Method [M]. Beijing: Agriculture Press, 1986: 28-32]
17 刘占峰, 傅博杰, 刘国华, 朱永官. 土壤质量与土壤质量指标及其评价[J]. 生态学报, 2006, 26 (3): 901-913 [Liu ZF, Fu BJ, Liu GH, Zhu YG. Soil quality: concept, indicators and its assessment [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2006, 26 (3): 901-913]
18 Zhu B, Yi LX, Guo LM, Chen G, Hu YG, Tang HM, Xiao CF, Xiao XP, Yang GL, Acharya SN, Zeng ZZ. Performance of two winter cover crops and their impacts on soil properties and two subsequent rice crops in Dongting Lake Plain, Hunan, China [J]. Soil Tillage Res, 2012, 124 (12): 95-101
19 徐坤, 李世忠. 不同种植年限苜蓿地土壤理化性状[J]. 草业科学, 2015, 32 (11): 1767-1773 [Xu K, Li SZ. Physical and chemical properties of soil in alfalfa field for different cultivated years [J]. Pratacult Sci, 2015, 32 (11): 1767-1773]
20 谢昭良, 张腾飞, 陈鑫珠, 张建国. 冬闲田种植 2 种燕麦的营养价值及土壤肥力研究[J]. 草业学报, 2013, 22 (2): 47 [Xie ZL, Zhang TF, Chen XZ, Zhang JG. A study on the nutrient value of oat and its influences on soil fertility of winter fallow fields [J]. Acta Pratacult Sin, 2013, 22 (2): 47]
21 朱波, 胡跃高, 曾昭海, 肖小平, 杨光立, 黄凤球. 双季稻区冬种覆盖作物对土壤微生物量的影响[J]. 生态环境, 2008, 17 (5): 2074-2077. [Zhu B, Hu YG, Zeng ZH, Xiao XP, Yang GL, Huang FQ. Cover crop effects on the soil microbial biomass in double-rice cropping system [J]. Ecol Environ, 2008, 17 (5): 2074-2077]
22 薛冬, 姚槐应, 何振立, 黄昌勇. 红壤酶活性与肥力的关系[J]. 应用生态学报, 2005, 16 (8): 1455-1458 [Xue D, Yao HY, He ZL, Huang CY. Relationships between red soil enzyme activity and fertility [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2005, 16 (8): 1455-1458]
23 魏威, 王丹, 王松山, 梁东丽. 铜铬复合污染对有、无作物种植的土壤酶活性影响[J]. 农业环境科学学报, 2010, 29 (10): 1971-1978 [Wei W, Wang D, Wang SS, Liang DL. Eco-toxicology effects of Cu-Cr Co-contamination on soil enzymes with and without plants [J]. J Agro-Environ Sci, 2010, 29 (10): 1971-1978]
24 杨刚, 孙万仓, 王丽萍, 慕平, 刘自刚, 李学才. 北方旱寒区冬油菜不同后茬作物根际与非根际土壤肥力研究[J]. 干旱地区农业研究, 2015, 33 (3): 55-61 [Yang G, Sun WC, Wang LP, Mu P, Liu ZG, Li XC. Study on rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soil fertilities of different crops after harvest of winter rape in the north dry-cold area [J]. Agric Res Arid Areas, 2015, 33 (3): 55-61]
25 于玲玲, 朱俊艳, 黄青青, 苏德纯, 江荣风, 李花粉. 油菜-水稻轮作对作物吸收累积镉的影响[J]. 环境科学与技术, 2014, 37 (1): 1-6 [Yu LL, Zhu JY, Huang QQ, Su DC, Jiang RF, Li HF. Bioavailability of cadmium in the rotation system of oilseed rape and rice grown in Cd-contaminated soil [J]. Environ Sci Technol, 2014, 37 (1): 1-6]
26 黄益宗, 郝晓伟, 雷鸣, 铁柏青. 重金属污染土壤修复技术及其修复实践[J]. 农业环境科学学报, 2013, 32 (3): 409-417 [Huang YZ, He XW, Lei M, Tie BQ. The remediation technology and remediation practice of heavy metals-contaminated soil [J]. J Agro-Environ Sci, 2013, 32 (3): 409-417]
27 常同举, 崔孝强, 阮震, 赵秀兰. 长期不同耕作方式对紫色水稻土重金属含量及有效性的影响[J]. 环境科学, 2014 (6): 2381-2391 [Chang TJ, Cui XQ, Ruan Z, Zhao XL. Long-term effect of tillage methods on heavy metal accumulation and availability in purple paddy soil [J]. Environ Sci, 2014 (6): 2381-2391]
28 王林, 周启星. 农艺措施强化重金属污染土壤的植物修复[J]. 中国生态农业学报, 2008, 16 (3): 772-777 [Wang Lin, Zhou QX. Strengthening phytoremediation of heavy-metal contaminated soils by agronomic management practices [J]. Chin J Eco-Agricult, 2008, 16 (3): 772-777]
29 郑有飞, 石春红, 吴芳芳, 刘宏举, 赵泽, 胡程达. 土壤微生物活性影响因子的研究进展[J]. 土壤通报, 2009, 40 (5): 1209-1214 [Zheng YF, Shi CH, Wu FF, Liu HJ, Zhao Z, Hu CD. Research advances on the factors influencing the activity of soil microorganism [J]. Chin J Soil Sci, 2009, 40 (5): 1209-1214]
30 崔德杰, 张玉龙. 土壤重金属污染现状与修复技术研究进展[J]. 土壤学报, 2004, 35 (3): 366-370 [Cui DJ, Zhang YL. Current situation of soil contamination by heavy metal and research advances on the remediation techniques [J]. Chin J Soil Sci, 2004, 35 (3): 366-370]
31 Jin ZJ, Li ZY, Li Q, Li Q, Hu QJ, Yang HF, Tang HF, Li M, Huang BF, Zhang JY. Canonical correspondence analysis of soil heavy metal pollution, microflora and exzyme activities in the Pb-Zn mine tailing dam collapse area of Sidi village, SW China [J]. Environ Earth Sci, 2015, 73 (1): 267-274
32 Gao Y, Miao CY, Xia J, Mao L, Wang Y, Zhou P. Plant diversity reduces the effect of multiple heavy metal pollution on soil enzyme activities and microbial community structure [J]. Front Environ Sci Eng, 2012, 6 (2): 213-223
33 Zhan, FD, Qin L, Guo XH, Tan JB, Liu NN, Zu YQ, Li Y. Cadmium and lead accumulation and low-molecular-weight organic acids secreted by roots in an intercropping of a cadmium accumulator Sonchus asper L. with Vicia faba L. [J]. RSC Adv, 2016, 6 (40): 33240-33248

相似文献/References:

[1]林超峰,陈占全,薛泉宏,等.青海三江源区植被退化对土壤养分和微生物区系的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2007,13(06):788.
 LIN Chaofeng,et al..Effect of Vegetation Degradation on Soil Nutrients and Microflora in the Sanjiangyuan Region of Qinghai, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2007,13(05):788.
[2]何奕忻,孙庚,刘琳,等.牦牛粪便对川西北高寒草甸土壤养分的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2009,15(05):666.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00666]
 Effect of Yak Dung on High-frigid Meadow Soil Nutrition in Northwestern Sichuan,China.Impact of Yak Dung on Soil Nutrient in Northwest Grassland of Sichuan[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2009,15(05):666.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00666]
[3]王长庭,龙瑞军,王启兰,等.三江源区不同建植年代人工草地群落演替与土壤养分变化[J].应用与环境生物学报,2009,15(06):737.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00737]
 WANG Changting,LONG Ruijun,WANG Qilan,et al.Community Succession of Differently Aged Artificial Grasslands and Their Soil Nutrient Changes in Three Rivers’ Source Regions in Qinghai, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2009,15(05):737.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00737]
[4]周传艳,陈训,周国逸,等.不同土地利用方式及开垦时间对岩溶山区土壤养分空间分布的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2011,17(01):63.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00063]
 ZHOU Chuanyan,CHEN Xun,ZHOU Guoyi & YAN Junhua.Effects of Different Land Uses and Cultivation Periods on Spatial Distribution of Soil Nutrients in Karst Mountainous Region[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2011,17(05):63.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00063]
[5]李以康,张法伟,林丽,等.青海湖区紫花针茅草原封育导致的土壤养分时空变化特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2012,18(01):23.[doi:DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1145.2012.00023]
 LI Yikang,ZHANG Fawei,LIN Li,et al.Spatiotemporal Variation in Soil Nutrient of Stipa purpurea Steppe Fenced in the Qinghai Lake Region[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2012,18(05):23.[doi:DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1145.2012.00023]
[6]阳小成,冯坚,吴新卫,等.川西北高寒草甸两种蚯蚓的互作及其对土壤养分的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2012,18(02):186.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2012.00186]
 YANG Xiaocheng,FENG Jian,WU Xinwei,et al.Species Interaction Between Earthworms and Its Effect on Soil Nutrients in an Alpine Meadow, Northwestern Sichuan, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2012,18(05):186.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2012.00186]
[7]朱利英,赵春章,莫旭,等.计划烧除攀枝花苏铁林区地面覆盖物对苏铁生长和土壤理化性质的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2012,18(03):381.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2012.00381]
 ZHU Liying,ZHAO Chunzhang,MO Xu,et al.Effects of Prescribed Burning on Plant Growth and Soil Properties of a Cycas Panzhihuacycasis Forest[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2012,18(05):381.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2012.00381]
[8]杨希智,王长庭,字洪标,等.三江源区不同建植年限人工草地土壤微生物群落结构特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2015,21(02):341.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.10033]
 YANG Xizhi,WANG Changting,ZI Hongbiao,et al.Soil microbial community structure characteristics in artificial grassland with different cultivation years in the headwater region of Three Rivers, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2015,21(05):341.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.10033]
[9]徐蒋来,尹思慧,胡乃娟,等.周年秸秆还田对稻麦轮作农田土壤养分、微生物活性及产量的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2015,21(06):1100.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.04005]
 XU Jianglai,YIN Sihui,HU Naijuan,et al.Effects of annual straw returning on soil nutrients, microbial activity and yield in a rice-wheat rotation system[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2015,21(05):1100.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.04005]
[10]李 曼,靳冰洁,钟全林,等.氮磷添加对刨花楠幼苗叶片N、P化学计量特征的影响*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(02):285.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.06022]
 LI Man,JIN Bingjie,et al.Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization on leaf N and P stoichiometriccharacteristics of Machilus pauhoi seedlings*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(05):285.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.06022]

更新日期/Last Update: 2017-10-25