|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]于帅,贾娜尔·阿汗,张振兴,等.新疆伊犁河大型底栖动物群落及水质生物评价[J].应用与环境生物学报,2017,23(04):728-733.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.08035]
 YU Shuai,Jianaer Ahan**,ZHANG Zhenxing,et al.Inactivation kinetics of N-Acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase from the spermary of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) by Trichloroisocyanuric acid[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2017,23(04):728-733.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.08035]
点击复制

新疆伊犁河大型底栖动物群落及水质生物评价()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
23卷
期数:
2017年04期
页码:
728-733
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2017-08-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Inactivation kinetics of N-Acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase from the spermary of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) by Trichloroisocyanuric acid
作者:
于帅贾娜尔·阿汗张振兴李昆孙东东杨海军
1东北师范大学生命科学学院 长春 1300002伊犁师范学院生物与地理科学学院 伊宁 835000
Author(s):
YU Shuai1 Jianaer Ahan2** ZHANG Zhenxing1 LI Kun1 SUN Dongdong1 & YANG Haijun1
1School of Life Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130000, China2Colloge of Biology and Geography Sciences, Yili Normal University, Yining 835000, China
关键词:
大型底栖动物群落结构水质生物指数伊犁河
Keywords:
macroinvertebrates community structure water quality biotic index Yili River
分类号:
X824 : Q179.4
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.08035
摘要:
利用大型底栖动物进行河流生态系统健康评价是一种有效且能够综合反映河流生态系统变化的生物评价方法,对于河流监测、管理与保护具有重要指导作用. 2014年7月和2015年7月对新疆伊犁河支流喀什河和巩乃斯河共17个样点的大型底栖动物群落进行调查分析,共采集大型底栖动物19 735头,分10目39科81属(种),其中水生昆虫、软体动物和寡毛类分别占93.8%、2.5%和3.7%. 采用Shannon-Wiener指数、Pielou指数、Margalef指数、BMWP记分系统和ASPT记分系统对伊犁河进行水质健康评价. 结果表明伊犁河河流健康状况整体较好,但不同河段间的水质健康等级差异较大. 其中喀什河水质健康等级为亚健康和健康的河段占35.6%,差与极差的河段占20.0%;巩乃斯河水质健康等级为亚健康和健康的河段占84.0%,不存在健康等级为差和极差的样点. 其中ASPT记分系统和Pielou指数评价结果在灵敏度上稍差,Shannon-Wiener指数、Margalef指数和BMWP记分系统更适合伊犁河地区的水质生物评价. (图5 表4 参31)
Abstract:
Using macroinvertebrates to assess river health has been proved to be an effective bioassessment method, which can comprehensively reflect the changes of the river ecosystem and play an important guiding role in river monitoring, management, and protection. Sampling macroinvertebrates was carried out in 17 sites in two tributaries of Yili River, i.e., Kashi River and Kunnes River. A total of 81 macroinvertebrate species, belonging to 39 families and 10 orders, were collected, of which 75 species (93.8%) were aquatic insects, 2 species (2.5%) were mollusks, and 3 species (3.7%) were oligochaetes. Based on Shannon-Wiener index, Pielou index, Margalef index, biological monitoring working party (BWMP) score system, and average score per taxon (ASPT) score system, the ecosystem health of Yili river was evaluated. The results showed that the health of the aquatic ecosystem of Yili River was at a high level as a whole. However, health quality ratings among different sampling sites were different. According to the results, in Kashi River, the sites that were in the “healthy” and “subhealthy” conditions accounted for 35.6%, and the percentage of the “poor” and “very poor” sites was 20.0%. For the Kunnes River, sites that were in the “healthy” and “subhealthy” conditions accounted for 84.0%, and there were no sites in the “poor” and “very poor” conditions. Pielou index and ASPT evaluation systems showed slightly inferior sensitivity, while Shannon-Wiener index, Margalef index, and BMWP score were found to be suitable indices for bioassessment in Yili River.

参考文献/References:

1 任海庆, 袁兴中, 刘红, 张跃伟, 周上博. 环境因子对河流底栖无脊椎动物群落结构的影响[J]. 生态学报, 2015, 10: 3148-3156 [Ren HQ, Yuan XZ, Liu H, Zhang YW, Zhou SB. The effects of environment factors on community structure of benthic invertebrate in rivers [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2015, 10: 3148-3156]
2 何逢志, 任泽, 董笑语, 杨开华, 王敏, 黎道丰, 蔡庆华. 神农架林区河流生态系统健康评价[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2014, 20 (1): 35-39 [Li FZ, Reng Z, Dong XY, Yang KH, Wang M, Li DF, Cai QH. River ecosystem health assessment of the Shennongjia Forest Region [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2014, 20 (1): 35-39]
3 Giorgio A, DeBonis S, Guida M. Macroinvertebrate and diatom communities as indicators for the biological assessment of river Picentino (Campania, Italy) [J]. Ecol Ind, 2016, 64: 85-91
4 Bertoli M, Azzoni M, Pizzul E. A comparison between biomonitoring methods for the analysis of macrobenthic invertebrate communities in different river types of Friuli Venezia Giulia [J]. Annales Ser Hist Nat, 2014, 24 (2): 139-146
5 Cao Y, Hawkins C P. The comparability of bioassessments: areview of conceptual and methodological issues [J]. J N Am Benthol Soc, 2011, 30 (3): 680-701
6 李娣, 牛志春, 王霞, 吕学研, 蔡琨, 于红霞. 长江江苏段底栖动物群落结构与多样性分析[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2015, 21 (1): 96-100 [Li T, Niu ZC, Wang X, Lv XY, Cai K, Yu HX. Distribution and diversity of microbenthic communities in the Jiangsu Reach of the Yangtze River [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2015, 21 (1): 96-100]
7 孙慧兰, 李卫红, 陈亚鹏. 新疆伊犁河流域生态服务价值对土地利用变化的响应[J]. 生态学报, 2010, 30 (4): 887-894 [Sun HL, Li WH, Chen YP. Response of ecological serices value to land use change in the Ili River Basin, Xinjiang, China [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2010, 30 (4): 887-894]
8 董文福. 伊犁河流域的水电开发与环境保护[J]. 干旱环境监测, 2012, 26 (2): 115-117 [Dong WF. Hydropower development and environmental protection of the Yili River Basin [J]. Arid Environ Monit, 2012, 26 (2): 115-117]
9 Morse JC, Yang LF, Tian LX. Aquatic Insects of China Useful for Monitoring Water Quality [M]. Nanjing: Hohai University Press, 1994:
10 Merritt RW, Cummins KW. An Introduction to the Aquatic Insects of North America [M]. Dubuque: Kendall/Hunt Pub. Co., 2008
11 大连水产学院. 淡水生物学[M]. 北京: 农业出版社, 1982 [Dalian Fisheries University. Freshwater Biology [M]. Beijing: China Agriculture Press, 1982]
12 王俊才, 王新华. 中国北方摇蚊幼虫[M]. 北京: 中国言实出版社, 2011 [Wang JC, Wang XH. Chironomid Larvae in the North of China [M]. Beijing: China Yanshi Press, 2011]
13 Shannon EC, Weaver W. The Mathematical Theory of Communication [M]. Illinois: Urbana University of Illinois Press, 1949
14 Margalef DR. Information theory in ecology [J]. Gen Syst, 1957 (3): 36-71
15 Pielou EC. Species-diversity and pattern-diversity in the study of ecological succession [J]. J Theor Biol, 1966, 10 (2): 370-383
16 Chessman BC, Growns JE, Kotlash AR. Objective derivation of macroinv`ertebrate family sensitivity grade numbers for the SIGNAL biotic index: application to the Hunter River system, New South Wales [J]. Mar Freshwater Res, 1997, 48 (2): 159-172
17 Hellawell JM. Biological Indicators of Freshwater Pollution and Environmental Management [M]. Amsterdam: Applied Science Publishers, 1986
18 刘玉, Vermaat JE, de Ruyter ED, de Kruijf HAM. ISO_BMWP底栖动物监测法在中国河流有机污染评价中的修正及应用[J]. 中山大学学报(自然科学版), 2004, 43 (4): 102-105 [Liu Y, Vermaat JE, de Ruyter ED, de Kruijf HAM. Modification and application of biomonitoring ISO-BMWP method of macrofauna in river pollution evaluation in China [J]. Acta Sci Nat Univ Sunyatseni, 2004, 43 (4): 102-105]
19 Armitage PD, Moss D, Wrighe JF. The performance of a new biological water quality score system based on macroinvertebrates over a wide range of unpolluted running-water sites [J]. Water Res, 1983, 17 (3): 333-347
20 McNaughton SJ. Relationship among functional properties of Californian grassland [J]. Nature, 1967, 216 (5111): 168-169
21 耿世伟, 渠晓东, 张远, 林坤德. 大型底栖动物生物评价指数比较与应用[J]. 环境科学, 2012, 33 (7): 2281-2287 [Geng SW, Qu XD, Zhang Y, Lin KD. Comparison and application of biological indices of macroinvertebrates in river health assessment [J]. Environ Sci, 2012, 33 (7): 2281-2287]
22 段学花, 王兆印, 徐梦珍. 底栖动物与河流生态评价[M]. 北京: 清华大学出版社, 2010 [Duan XH, Wang ZY, Xu MZ. Benthic Macroinvertebrate and Application in the Assessment of Stream Ecology [M]. Beijing: Tsinghua University Press, 2010]
23 巴伯. 溪流及浅河快速生物评价方案—着生藻类、大型底栖动物及鱼类[M]. 2版. 北京: 中国环境科学出版社, 2011 [Barbour MT. Rapid Bioassessement Protocols for Use in Stream and Wadeable River: Periphyton, Benthic Macroinvertebrates and Fish [M]. 2nd ed. Beijing: China Environmental Science Press, 2011]
24 郑小康, 崔长勇, 崔振华. 黄河干流河道采砂对生态环境的影响及对策[J]. 人民黄河, 2016 (1): 42-44 [Zheng XK, Cui CY, Cui ZH. Impact of sand excavation in river courses of the main Yellow River on ecological environment and the countermeasures [J]. Yellow River, 2016 (1): 42-44]
25 Holt CR, Pfitzer D, Scalley C. Longitudinal variation in macroinvertebrate assemblages below a large-scale hydroelectric dam [J]. Hydrobiologia, 2015, 755 (1): 13-26
26 陈浒, 李厚琼, 吴迪. 乌江梯级电站开发对大型底栖无脊椎动物群落结构和多样性的影响[J]. 长江流域资源与环境, 2010, 19 (12): 1462-1470 [Chen H, Li HQ, Wu D. Effects of step hydroelectric exploits on community structure and biodiversity of macroinvertebrates in Wujiang River [J]. Res Environ Yangtze Basin, 2010, 19 (12): 1462-1470]
27 贾兴焕, 蒋万祥, 李凤清, 唐涛, 段树桂, 蔡庆华. 大型水电站对河流底栖藻类群落的影响[J]. 应用生态学报, 2009, 20 (7): 1731-1738 [Jia XH, Jiang WX, Li FQ, Tang T, Duan SG, Cai QH. Impacts of large hydropower station on benthic algal communities [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2009, 20 (7): 1731-1738]
28 Anderson D, Moggridge H, Warren P. The impacts of 憆un-of-river?hydropower on the physical and ecological condition of rivers [J]. J Water Environ, 2015, 29 (2): 268-276
29 Angeler DG, Goedkoop W. Biological responses to liming in boreal lakes: an assessment using plankton, macroinvertebrate and fish communities [J]. J Appl Ecol, 2010, 47 (2): 478-486
30 孙小玲, 蔡庆华, 李凤清, 杨顺益, 谭路. 春季昌江大型无脊椎动物群落结构及功能摄食类群的空间分布[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2012, 18 (2): 163-169 [Sun XL, Cai QH, Li FQ, Yang SY, Tan L. Spatial distribution of community structure and functional feeding groups of macroinvertebrates of Changjiang River, a tributary of Poyang Lake in spring [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2012, 18 (2): 163-169]
31 苏华武, 江晶, 温芳妮, 李晓宇, 阎云君. 湖北清江流域叹气沟河底栖动物群落结构与水质生物学评价[J]. 湖泊科学, 2008, 20 (4): 520-528 [Su HW, Jiang J, Wen FN, Li XY, Yan YJ. Community structures of macrozoobenthos and bioassessment of water quality in Tanqigou Stream of Qingjiang River Basin, Hubei Province [J]. J Lake Sci, 2008, 20 (4): 520-528]

相似文献/References:

[1]高玉荣,黄玉瑶,曹宏,等.单甲脒农药对模型池塘生态系统藻类群落结构的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,1995,1(03):209.
 Gao Yurong,Huang Yuyao,Cao Hong,et al.EFFECT OF MONOFORMAMIDINE INSECTICIDE ON ALGAL COMMUNITY STRUCTURE IN MODEL POND ECOSYSTEMS[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,1995,1(04):209.
[2]吴宁.贡嘎山麦吊杉群落结构的研究[J].应用与环境生物学报,1995,1(04):334.
 Wu Ning.STUDIES ON THE PICEA BRACHYTYLA COMMUNITY ON THE GONGGA MOUNTAINS[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,1995,1(04):334.
[3]彭少麟,方炜.广州白云山次生常绿阔叶林的群落结构动态[J].应用与环境生物学报,1996,2(01):22.
 Peng Shaolin,Fang Wei.DYNAMICS OF COMMUNITY STRUCTURE OF A SECONDARY EVERGREEN BROADLEAVED FOREST IN BAIYUNSHAN OF GUANGZHOU[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,1996,2(04):22.
[4]高玉荣,许木启.乐安江重金属污染对浮游植物群落结构的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,1996,2(02):175.
 Gao Yurong,Xu Muqi.A STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF HEAVY METAL POLLUTION ON PHYTOPLANKTON COMMUNITY STRUCTURE IN THE LEAN RIVER[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,1996,2(04):175.
[5]石福孙,吴宁,罗鹏,等.围栏禁牧对川西北亚高山高寒草甸群落结构的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2007,13(06):767.
 SHI Fusun,et al..Effect of Enclosing on Community Structure of Subalpine Meadow in Northwestern Sichuan, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2007,13(04):767.
[6]吴璟,杨莲芳,李强,等.西苕溪中上游流域水生甲虫分布与环境的关系[J].应用与环境生物学报,2008,14(01):64.
 WU Jing,et al..Relationship Between Aquatic Beetle Community Structure and Environmental Variables in the Xitiao Stream, Zhejiang, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2008,14(04):64.
[7]朱新玉,高宝嘉,** 袁胜亮 胡云川.森林-草原交错带土壤节肢动物的群落结构及其季节变化*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2008,14(05):635.
[8]符建荣,刘少英,孙治宇,等.九寨沟自然保护区鸟类群落结构与多样性[J].应用与环境生物学报,2009,15(02):188.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00188]
 FU Jianrong,LIU Shaoying**,SUN Zhiyu,et al.Community Structure and Biodiversity of Birds in Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve in Sichuan, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2009,15(04):188.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00188]
[9]罗增斌,刁阳光,杨利民,等.凉山州金沙江干热河谷麻疯树群落结构[J].应用与环境生物学报,2009,15(03):432.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00432]
 LUO Zengbin,DIAO Yangguang,YANG Limin,et al.Community Structure of Jatropha curcas in the Jinsha River Dry-hot Valley in Liangshan Prefecture, Sichuan, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2009,15(04):432.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00432]
[10]汪兴中,蔡庆华,李凤清,等.南水北调中线水源区溪流大型底栖动物群落结构的时空动态[J].应用与环境生物学报,2009,15(06):803.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00803]
 WANG Xingzhong,CAI Qinghua,LI Fengqing,et al.Distribution Dynamics of Macroinvertebrates in the Source Water Areas of the South-water-to-north Project[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2009,15(04):803.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00803]
[11]蒋万祥,傅小城,唐涛,等.香溪河水系大型底栖动物的群落结构及生态位[J].应用与环境生物学报,2009,15(03):337.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00337]
 JIANG Wanxiang,FU Xiaocheng,TANG Tao,et al.Community Structure and Niche of Macroinvertebrates in the Xiangxi River in Hubei, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2009,15(04):337.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00337]
[12]黄少峰,刘玉,李策,等.珠江口滩涂围垦对大型底栖动物群落的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2011,17(04):499.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00499]
 HUANG Shaofeng,LIU Yu,LI Ce,et al.Influence of Reclamation on Macrobenthic Community in the Pearl River Estuary[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2011,17(04):499.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00499]
[13]于潇,刘晓收.青岛汇泉湾排污口附近大型底栖动物的群落结构和多样性[J].应用与环境生物学报,2017,23(01):15.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.06018]
 YU Xiao & LIU Xiaoshou**.Macrofaunal community structure and diversity near a sewage outlet in Huiquan Bay, Qingdao[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2017,23(04):15.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.06018]

更新日期/Last Update: 2017-08-25