|本期目录/Table of Contents|

 SHU Ying,HU Yuanman,SHAN Kai.Analysis of Changes in Waterfowl Habitat Factors Based on RS & GIS in the Yellow River Delta, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2009,15(04):495-502.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00495]





Analysis of Changes in Waterfowl Habitat Factors Based on RS & GIS in the Yellow River Delta, China
1安徽建筑工业学院 合肥 230023;2中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 沈阳 110016
3山东黄河三角洲国家级自然保护区管理局 东营 257091
SHU YingHU YuanmanSHAN Kai
1Anhui University of Architecture, Hefei 230023, China
2Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China
3Administration of the Yellow River Delta National Nature, Dongying 257091, Shandong, China
RSGISYellow River Deltawaterfowlhabitat choosing factor
Q959.708 (25)
将影响水禽生境选择的因子划分为水、食物、隐蔽物和干扰4类. 用遥感(RS)和地理信息系统(GIS)软件对黄河三角洲地区3期TM数据进行处理,对各生境因子采取一定的分类方法,得出该地区3个时期各生境因子图. 通过面积、斑块数变化及转移矩阵的分析可以看出,各生境因子的结构发生了明显的变化,变化表现为干扰加重,积水地区面积增大,谷物草籽面积及适宜隐蔽物范围减少. 人类的有意识活动(干扰)是引起各生境因子发生变化的主要驱动力. 生境因子变化对水禽生境既有正面影响,又有负面影响. 图9 表5 参30
The factors which influence waterfowls to choose their habitats include moisture, food, shelter and disturbance. The four habitat factors are divided into several classes according to each classification method of habitat choosing factors. Based on the remote sensing images, field investigations and the maps of the Yellow River Delta, the distribution maps of the four habitat factors were developed by using RS and GIS. This study analyzed the changes in habitat factors distribution in the Yellow River Delta from 1986 to 2001 by the area, number of patches and transition matrix. The changes were found with four kinds of statuses: The disturbance became serious, the seeping areas were increasing, and the areas of vegetal food and suitable shelter were decreasing. The results showed that the habitats had been greatly changed owning to the human disturbance, and the changes in the habitat factors brought positive and negative influences on the quantity of waterfowl habitats in the Yellow River Delta. Fig 9, Tab 5, Ref 30


1 Chu GZ (楚国忠), Zheng GM (郑光美). The sampling method of avian habitat studies. Chin J Zool (动物学杂志), 1993, 28 (6): 47~52
2 Yang WK (杨维康), Zhong WQ (钟文勤), Gao XY( 高行宜). A review of studies on avian habitat seletion. Arid Zone Res (干旱区研究), 2000, 17 (3): 371~378
3 Cmbreau O, Smith TR. Summer habitat selection by houbara bustards introducdein central Saudi Arabia. J Arid Environ, 1997, 36 (1): 149~160
4 Miller DA, Hurst GA. Habitat use of eastern wild turkeys in central Mississippi. J Wild Manage, 1999, 63 (1): 210~222
5 Badyaev AV. Nesting habitat and nesting success of eastern wild turkeys in the Arkansas Ozark highlands. The Condor, 1995, 97 (1): 221~232
6 Yang YW (杨月伟), Ding P (丁平), Jang SR (姜仕仁), Zhuge Y (诸葛阳). Factors affecting habitat used by Elliot’s pheasant (Symaticus ellioti) in mixed coniferous and broadleaf forsts. Zool Trans (动物学报), 45 (3): 279~286
7 MacArthur RH, MacArthur JW, Preer J. On bird species diversity. II. Prediction of bird censuses from habitat measurements. Am Nat, 1962, 96: 167~174
8 Ma JZ (马建章), Jia JB (贾竞波). Wildness Animal Ecology. Haerbin, China (哈尔滨): Northest Forsting University Press, 1990
9 Cheng HP (陈化鹏), Gao ZX (高中信). Wildness Nnimal Ecology. Haerbin, China (哈尔滨): Northeast Forestry University Press, 1992
10 Xiao DN (肖笃宁), Hu YM (胡远满), Li XZ (李秀珍). The Study of Landscape Ecology of Deltaic Wetlands Around Bobai Sea. Beijing, China (北京): Science Press, 2001
11 Fleury AM, Brown RD. A framework for the design of wildlife conservation corridors with specific application to southwestern Ontario. Landscape & Urban Planning, 1997, 37 (3/4): 163~186
12 Glenn AB, Thomas DN, Erin D. Patterns of habitat and invertebrate diet overlap between tiger salamanders and ducks in prairie potholes. Hydrobiologia, 2002, 481 (1~3): 47~59
13 Bostrom C, Mattila J. The relative importance of food and shelter for seagrass-associated invertebrates: A latitudinal comparison of habitat choice by isopod grazers. Cecologia, 1999, 120 (1): 162~170
14 Connor KJ, Gabor S. Breeding waterbird wetland habitat availability and response to water-level management in Saint John River floodplain wetlands, New Brunswick. Hydrobiologia, 2006, 567 (1): 169~181
15 Letnic MI, Fox B J. The impact of industrial fluoride fallout on faunal succession following sand mining of dry sclerophyll forest at Tomago, NSW. I. Lizard recolonisation. Biol Conserv, 1997, 80 (1): 63~81
16 Cowlishaw G. Trade-offs between foraging and predation risk determine habitat use in a desert baboon population. Anim Behav, 1997, 53 (4): 667~686
17 Fraser DF, Huntingford FA. Feeding and avoiding predation hazard: The behavioural response of the prey. Ethology, 1986, 73: 56~68
18 Nelson RW, Dwyer JR, Greenberg WE. Regulated scouring in a sand-bed river for channel habitat maintenance: A Platte River waterfowl case study. Water Resour Manage, 1988, 2 (3): 191~208
19 Puttman RJ. Grazing in Temperate Ecosystems: Large Herbivores and the Ecology of the New Forst. Landon: Croom Helm, 1986
20 Yang F (杨帆), Zhao DZ (赵东至), Ma XF (马小峰), Wen SY (文世勇), Suo AN (索安宁). The application of RS and GIS techniques in wetland landscape ecological study. Remote Sensing Technol & Appl (遥感技术与应用), 2007, 22 (3): 471~478
21 Zhang PL (张晓龙), Li PY (李培英), Li P (李萍), Xu YY (徐永兴). Present conditions and prospects of study on coastal wetlands in China. Adv Mar Sci (海洋科学进展), 2005, 23 (1): 87~95
22 Liu F (刘芳) , Ye SY (叶思源) , Tang YQ (汤岳琴) , Kiyoshi T, Kenji K, Wu XL (吴晓磊). Analysis of microbial community structure in coastal wetland soil of the Yellow River Delta. Chin J Appl Environ Biol (应用与环境生物学报), 2007, 13 (5): 691~69
23 Sai DJ (赛道建), Yan LQ (闫理钦). A study on characteristics of breeding bird community in the Yellow River delta. J Shandong Univ Nat Sci (山东师范大学学报自然科学版), 1999, 14 (3): 305~310
24 Zhao YM (赵延茂), Song CS (宋朝枢). The Corpus of Science Review in the Yellow River Delta National Nature Reserve. Beijing, China (北京): China Forestry Publishing House, 1995
25 Shu Y (舒莹), Hu YM (胡远满), Leng WF (冷文芳), Zhu SY (朱书玉), Shan K (单凯). Study on the habitat selection mechanism of red-crowned crane in Yellow River Delta. Chin J Ecol (生态学杂志), 2006, 25 (6): 954~958
26 Niall HKB, Michael JSA, Andrew JM, Mark M R. Impacts of man-made landscape features on numbers of estuarine waterbirds at low tide. Environ Manage, 2002, 30 (6): 857~864
27 Crivelli1 AJ, Grillas P, Jerrentrup H, Nazirides T. Effects on fisheries and waterbirds of raising water levels at Kerkini Reservoir, a Ramsar site in northern Greece. Environ Manage, 1995, 19 (3): 431~443
28 Albert F, Michael JM, Robin ML, Timothy MC. Waterbird assemblages and associated habitat characteristics of farm ponds in the Western Cape, South Africa. Biodiv & Conserv, 2001, 10 (2): 251~270
29 Masero JA. Assessing alternative anthropogenic habitats for conserving waterbirds: Salinas as buffer areas against the impact of natural habitat loss for shorebirds. Biodiv & Conserv, 2003, 12 (6): 1157~1173
30 Chen LD (陈利顶), Fu BJ (傅博杰). Ecological significance, characteristics and types of disturbance. Acta Ecol Sin (生态学报), 2000, 20 (4): 581~585


[1]毛亚娟,卫海燕** 尚忠慧,朱俐南 桑满杰 顾 蔚,等.基于GIS与模糊物元模型的东北地区五味子生境适宜性评价[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(02):241.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.06015]
 MAO Yajuan,WEI Haiyan**,et al.Habitat suitability assessment of Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill. innortheast China based on GIS and fuzzy matter element model*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(04):241.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.06015]
[2]毛亚娟,卫海燕** 尚忠慧,朱俐南 桑满杰 顾 蔚,等.基于GIS与模糊物元模型的东北地区五味子 生境适宜性评价[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(22卷02):241.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.06015]
 MAO Yajuan,WEI Haiyan**,et al.Habitat suitability assessment of Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill. in northeast China based on GIS and fuzzy matter element model*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(04):241.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.06015]


安徽教育厅自然科学基金资助项目(No. 2005KJ005)和国家自然科学基金资助项目(Nos. 40171037,40001002)
更新日期/Last Update: 2009-08-26