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[1]杨学芬,熊邦喜,杨明生.武汉南湖沉积物的重金属污染状况评价[J].应用与环境生物学报,2009,15(04):515-518.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00515]
 YANG Xuefen,XIONG Bangxi,YANG Mingsheng.Assessment on Heavy Metal Pollution in Sediments of Lake Nanhu in Wuhan, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2009,15(04):515-518.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00515]
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武汉南湖沉积物的重金属污染状况评价()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
15卷
期数:
2009年04期
页码:
515-518
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2009-08-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Assessment on Heavy Metal Pollution in Sediments of Lake Nanhu in Wuhan, China
作者:
杨学芬熊邦喜杨明生
华中农业大学水产学院 武汉 430070
Author(s):
YANG Xuefen XIONG BangxiYANG Mingsheng
Fisheries College, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
关键词:
沉积物重金属地质累积指数污染评价南湖
Keywords:
sedimentheavy metalindex of geo-accumulation (Igeo)pollution assessmentLake Nanhu
分类号:
X824
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00515
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
采用原子吸收分光光度法对湖北武汉南湖柱状沉积物中的6种重金属(Cd,Cu,Cr,Mn,Pb和Zn)进行测定. 结果表明,柱状沉积物中各种重金属的平均含量(w/mg kg-1,DM)分别为Cd 0.155,Cu 47.0,Cr 147.8,Mn 1 026.5,Pb 55.7,Zn 132.1. 水平分布,重金属的最大含量出现在点Ⅳ和点Ⅰ,且平均含量也高于其他的点;垂直分布,最大含量出现0~5 cm或5~10 cm的沉积层,随沉积深度的增加而降低. 这些结果表明外源污染对沉积物的重金属负荷具有重要影响. 应用地质累积指数Igeo值对重金属污染状况进行评价,结果表明,重金属的污染主要是Cr和Cd,其中Cr的最高含量(w/mg kg-1,DM)为231.9,Cd为0.348;重金属的污染程度较轻. 图2 表1 参20
Abstract:
The contents of heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Cr, Mn, Pb and Zn) in the sediments of Lake Nanhu in Wuhan, China were determined by an air-acetylene flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The results showed that the average contents of Cd, Cu, Cr, Mn, Pb and Zn were 0.155, 47.0, 147.8, 1 026.5, 55.7, and 132.1 (w/mg kg-1, DM), respectively. In horizontal distribution, there were higher contents of the heavy metals at sites Ⅳ and Ⅰ. The heavy metals contents decreased with the sedimentation depth from surface to bottom, which means that the contents in surface of sediments were significantly higher than those at bottom. According to Igeo values, Cr and Cd were the major pollutants in Lake Nanhu, and Cr and Cd (231.9 and 0.348 mg kg-1, DM) were found with highest contents in the lake. However, the pollution level caused by heavy metals in Lake Nanhu was generally measured low. The present results reveal that municipal sewage discharge and rainwater runoff are the important factors for heavy metal pollution in Lake Nanhu and it is necessary to control the pollution sources discharged into the lake. Fig 2, Tab 1, Ref 20

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家自然科学基金项目(No. 30470342)和教育部博士学科点专项基金项目(No. 20020504001)资助
更新日期/Last Update: 2009-08-26