|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]胡建利,杨万勤,张健,等.川西亚高山冷杉和白桦细根生物量与碳储量特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2009,15(03):313-317.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00313]
 HU Jianli,YANG Wanqin,ZHANG Jian,et al.Characteristics of Biomass and Carbon Stock of Fir and Birch Fine Roots in Subalpine Forest of Western Sichuan, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2009,15(03):313-317.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00313]
点击复制

川西亚高山冷杉和白桦细根生物量与碳储量特征()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
15卷
期数:
2009年03期
页码:
313-317
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2009-05-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Characteristics of Biomass and Carbon Stock of Fir and Birch Fine Roots in Subalpine Forest of Western Sichuan, China
作者:
胡建利杨万勤张健邓仁菊
四川农业大学林学园艺学院 雅安 625014
Author(s):
HU JianliYANG WanqinZHANG JianDENG Renju
Faculty of Forestry & Horticulture, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya’an 625014, Sichuan, China
关键词:
亚高山细根生物量碳储量冷杉白桦川西
Keywords:
subalpine fine root biomass carbon stock Aies faxoniana Betula platyphylla western Sichuan
分类号:
S718.55 (271)
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00313
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为了解川西亚高山地下生态过程和细根在森林碳(C)库中的作用,采用钻取土芯法,研究了川西亚高山岷江冷杉(Abies faxoniana)和白桦(Betula platyphylla) 2006年一个生长季节内的细根生物量动态及其C储量特征. 冷杉细根现存量显著大于白桦,二者分别为(6.579±0.220) t hm-2和(3.334±0.182) t hm-2. 细根生物量具有明显的月变化规律,以10月最高,6月最低. 同时,每次细根大量发生后,都随之产生大量细根死亡. 细根生物量和C储量均随着土壤深度的增加而减少. 冷杉83.24%的细根分布于土壤表层0~10 cm范围内,11~20 cm为16.76%;而白桦50.26%的细根分布在土壤表层0~10cm的范围内,0~20 cm层为80.39%. 活细根在各层中占总细根量的73%以上. 冷杉和白桦细根C含量分别为47.21%±2.56%和42.71%±0.89%,对应的细根C储量分别为(3.106±0.104) t hm-2和(1.377±0.078) t hm-2. 图1 表3 参37
Abstract:
Abstract Monthly dynamics of biomass and carbon stock of Abies faxoniana and Betula platyphylla Sukaczev fine roots in the forests in western Sichuan were studied in order to understand the belowground process of subalpine forest ecosystem and the role of fine roots in forest carbon pool, employing the method of sampling soil core in a growth period of 2006. The fine root biomass of A. faxoniana [(6.579±0.220) t hm-2] was significantly higher than that of B. platyphylla [(3.334±0.182) t hm-2]. The highest and lowest values of fine root biomass were observed in October and June, respectively. Additionally, higher biomass of dead fine roots was observed after higher biomass of living fine roots was found. Both biomass and carbon stock of fine roots decreased with increasing of soil depth. 83.24% and 16.76% of A. faxoniana fine roots distributed in 0~10 cm and 11~20 cm soil layers, respectively. Similarly, 50.26% and 80.39% of B. platyphylla fine roots occurred in 0~10 cm and 0~20 cm soil layers, respectively. Living fine roots accounted for 73% of the total fine roots in different soil layers. 47.21%±2.56% and 42.71%±0.89% carbon contents, and (3.106±0.104) t hm-2 and (1.377±0.078) t hm-2 carbon were measured, in A. faxoniana and B. platyphylla fine roots , respectively. Fig 1, Tab 3, Ref 37

参考文献/References:

1 Yang WQ (杨万勤), Zhang J (张健), Hu TX (胡庭兴), Sun H (孙辉). Forest Soil Ecology. Chengdu, China (成都): Sichuan Science and Technology Press, 2006
2 Shan JP (单建平), Tao DL (陶大立). Overseas researches on tree fine root. Chin J Ecol (生态学杂志), 1992, 11 (4): 46~49
3 Hendrick RL, Pregitzer KS. Spatial variation in root distribution and growth associated with minirhizotrons. Plant and Soil, 1992, 143: 283~288
4 Nadelhoffer KJ, Raich JW. Fine root production estimates and belowground carbon allocation in forest ecosystems. Ecology, 1992,73 (4): 1139~1147
5 Guo ZL (郭忠玲), Zheng JP (郑金萍), Ma YD (马元丹), Li QG (李庆康), Yu RG (于贵瑞), Han SJ (韩士杰), Fan CN (范春楠), Liu WD (刘万德). A preliminary study on fine root biomass and dynamics of woody plants in several major forest communities of Changbai Mountain, China. Acta Ecol Sin (生态学报), 2006,26 (9): 2855~2862
6 Vogt KA, Grier CC, Vogt DJ. Production, turnover and nutrient dynamics of above and belowground detritus of world forest. Adv Ecol Res, 1986, 15: 303~337
7 Pang XY (庞学勇), Hu H (胡泓), Qiao YK (乔永康), Pang KW (潘开文), Liu SQ (刘世全), Chen QH (陈庆恒), Liu Q (刘庆). Nutrient distribution and cycling of artificial and natural subalpline spruce forest in Western Sichuan. Chin J Appl Environ Biol (应用与环境生物学报), 2002, 8 (1): 1~7
8 Yang YP (杨玉坡), LI CB (李承彪), Guan ZT (管天中). Sichuan Forest. Beijing, China (北京): China Forestry Press, 1992
9 Yang WQ (杨万勤), Feng RF (冯瑞芳), Zhang J (张健), Wang KY (王开运). Carbon stock and biochemical properties in the organic layer and mineral soil under three subalpine forests in western China. Acta Ecol Sin (生态学报), 2007, 27 (10): 4157~4165
10 Deng RJ (邓仁菊), Yang WQ (杨万勤), Zhang J (张健), Hu JL (胡建利), Feng RF(冯瑞芳), Jian Y (简毅), Lin J (林静). Carbon, nitrogen and phosphours storage in soil organic layer of subalpine forests in western Sichuan. Chin J Appl Environ Biol (应用与环境生物学报), 2007, 13 (4): 492~496
11 Feng RF (冯瑞芳), Yang WQ (杨万勤), Zhang J (张健), Deng RJ (邓仁菊), Jian Y (简毅), Lin J (林静). Effects of simulated atmospheric CO2 Concentration and temperature on soil enzyme activity in the subalpine fir forest. Acta Ecol Sin (生态学报), 2007, 27 (10): 4019~4026
12 Yang WQ (杨万勤), Zhang J (张健). Researches on Soil Ecology. Chengdu, China (成都): Sichuan Science and Technology Press, 2008
13 Ye GF (叶功富), Zhang LH (张立华), Hou J (侯杰), Lu CY (卢昌义), Wu LQ (吴柳清), Li XM (李秀明). Fine root Biomass and dynamics of Casuarina equisetifolia plantations on coastal sandy soil. Chin J Appl Environ Biol (应用与环境生物学报), 2007, 13 (4): 481~485.
14 Li LH (李凌浩), Lin P (林鹏), Xing XR (邢雪荣). Fine root biomass and production of Castanopsis eyrei forests in Wuyi Mountains. Chin J Appl Ecol (应用生态学报), 1998, 9 (4): 337~340
15 Wen DZ (温达志), Wei P (魏平), Kong GH (孔国辉), Ye WH (叶万辉). Production and turnover rate of fine roots in two lower subtropical forest sites at Dinghushan. Acta phytoecol Sin (植物生态学报), 1999,23 (4): 361~369
16 Yang YS (杨玉盛), Chen GS (陈光水), He ZM (何宗明), Chen YX (陈银秀), Guo JF (郭剑芬). Production, distribution and nutrient return of fine roots in a mixed and a pure forest in subtropical China. Chin J Appl Environ Biol (应用与环境生物学报), 2002, 8 (3): 223~233
17 Yang YS (杨玉盛), Chen GS (陈光水), Lin P (林鹏), Huang RZ (黄荣珍), Chen YX (陈银秀), He ZM (何宗明). Fine root distribution, seasonal patter and production in a native forest and monoculture plantations in subtropical China. Acta Ecol Sin (生态学报), 2003, 23 (9): 1719~1730
18 Zhai MP (翟明普), Jiang SN (蒋三乃), Jia LM (贾黎明). Study on fine root nutrient dynamic in the mixed plantation of poplar and black locust. Sci Silv Sin (林业科学), 2004, 40 (4): 46~51
19 Zhang XQ (张小全), Wu KH (吴可红). Fine root production and turnover for forest ecosystems. Sci Silv Sin (林业科学), 2001, 37 (3): 126~135
20 Burke MK, Raynal DJ. Fine root growth phrenology, production, and turn over in a northern hardwood forest ecosystem. Plant & Soil, 1994, 162: 135~14
21 Steele SJ, Gower ST, Vogel JG, Norman JM. Root mass, net primary production and turnover in aspen, jack pine and black spruce forests in Saskatchewan and Manitoba, Canada. Tree Physiol, 1997, 17: 577~587
22 Vogt KA, Vogt DJ, Palmiotto PA, Boon P, Hara JO′, Absbjornsen H. Review of root dynamics in forest ecosystems grouped by climate, climate forest type and species. Plant & Soil, 1996, 187: 159~219
23 Harris WF, Kinerson RS, Edwards NT. Comparison of below-ground biomass of natural deciduous forest and loblolly pine plantation. Pedobiologia, 1977, 17: 369~381
24 Fogel R, Hunt G. Fungal and arboreal biomass in a western Oregon Douglas-fir ecosystem. Distribution patterns and turnover. Can J For Res, 1979, 9: 245~256
25 DeLuca TH, Keeney DR, McCarty GW. Effect of freeze-thaw events on mineralization of soil nitrogen. Biol & Fertil Soils, 1992, 14: 116~120
26 Groffman PM, Driscoll CT, Fahey TJ, Hardy JP, Fitzhugh, Tierney GL. Effects of mild winter freezing on soil nitrogen and carbon dynamics in northern hardwood forest. Biogeochemistry, 2001, 56: 191~213
27 Herrmann A, Witter E. Sources of C and N contributing to the flush in mineralization upon freeze-thaw cycles in soils. Soil Biol & Biochem, 2002, 34: 1495~1505
28 Lipson DA, Schmidt SK, Monson PK. Links between microbial population dynamics and nitrogen availability in an alpine ecosystem. Ecology, 1999, 80: 1623~1631
29 Schimel JP, Clein JS. Microbial response to freeze-thaw cycles in tundra and taiga soils. Soil Biol & Biochem, 1996, 28: 1061~1066
30 Bardgett RD, Bowman WD, Kaufmann R, Schmidt SK. A temporal approach to linking aboveground and belowground ecology. Trends Ecol & Evol, 2005, 20: 634~641
31 Brooks PD, Williams MW, Schmidt SK. Inorganic nitrogen and microbial biomass dynamics before and during spring snowmelt. Biogeochemistry, 1998, 43: 1~15
32 Pregitzer KS. Woody plants, carbon allocation and fine roots. New Phytol, 2003, 158: 421~423
33 Santantonio D, Hermann RK, Overton WS. Root biomass studies in forest ecosystems. Pedobiologia, 1997, 17: 1~31
34 Watson RT,Noble IR,Bolin B. Land Use, Land Use Change, and Forestry: A Special Report of the IPCC. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000. 189~217
35 Chen GS (陈光水), Yang YS (杨玉盛), Qian W (钱伟), Gao R (高人), Niu ZP (牛志鹏), Han YG (韩永刚), Zhang YL (张有利). Total belowground carbon allocation in Castanopsis kawakamii and Chinese fir plantations in subtropical area of China. Acta Ecol sin (生态学报), 2005, 25 (11): 2824~2829
36 Niu XZ, Duiker SW. Carbon sequestration potential by afforestation of marginal agricultural land in the Midwestern U.S. For Ecol & Manage, 2006, 223: 415~427
37 Laclau P. Root biomass and carbon storage of ponderosa pine in a northwest Patagonia plantation. For Ecol & Manage, 2003, 173: 353~360

相似文献/References:

[1]陈文静,祁凯斌,黄俊胜,等.川西次生灌丛和不同类型人工林对土壤养分的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2017,23(06):1081.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.01013]
 CHEN Wenjing,QI Kaibin,et al.Effect of shrubland and reforestation with different tree species on soil nutrients in western Sichuan Province[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2017,23(03):1081.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.01013]
[2]井大炜,王明友,马海林,等.断根对杨树切口处细根序级结构与形态特征的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(05):1146.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.07014]
 JING Dawei,WANG Mingyou**,MA Hailin,et al.Effect of root pruning on the architecture and morphological characteristics of different fine root orders in the incision of poplar trees[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(03):1146.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.07014]
[3]胡凯,王微,陶建平.细根对中亚热带森林几种优势树种凋落叶分解的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(03):640.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.201807048]
 HU Kai,WANG Wei & TAO Jianping**.Effects of fine roots on the leaf litter decomposition of dominant tree species in mid-subtropical forests[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(03):640.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.201807048]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
*国家自然科学基金项目(Nos. 30771702, 30471378),教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划项目(No. NCET-07-0592),国家“十一五”重大科技支撑计划课题(No. 2006BAC01A11)和四川省杰出青年学科带头人培养基金项目(No. 07JQ0081)资助 Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 30771702, 30471378), the Key Sci-tech Supporting Project of the 11th 5-year-plan of China (No. 2006BACD01A11), the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in Universities of China (No. NCET-07-0592), and the Science and Technology Foundation for the Excellent Youth of Sichuan, China (No. 07ZQ026-022)
**通讯作者 Corresponding author (E-mail: scyangwq@163.com; ywq918@yahoo.com)
更新日期/Last Update: 2009-07-03