|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]何露露 强薇 张燕 刘银 刘兵 庞学勇**.川西亚高山针叶林次生演替对土壤持水量的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2021,27(04):1-13.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2020.08026]
 HE Lulu,QIANG Wei,et al.Effect of secondary succession on soil water holding capacity of subalpine coniferous forest in western Sichuan, China*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2021,27(04):1-13.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2020.08026]
点击复制

川西亚高山针叶林次生演替对土壤持水量的影响()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
27卷
期数:
2021年04期
页码:
1-13
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2021-08-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of secondary succession on soil water holding capacity of subalpine coniferous forest in western Sichuan, China*
作者:
何露露12 强薇12 张燕12 刘银12 刘兵1 庞学勇1**
1中国科学院山地生态恢复与生物资源利用重点实验室,生态恢复与生物多样性保育四川省重点实验室,中国科学院成都生物研究所 成都 610041
2中国科学院大学 北京 100049
Author(s):
HE Lulu1 2 QIANG Wei1 2 ZHANG Yan1 2 LIU Yin1 2 LIU Bing1 & PANG Xueyong1**
1 CAS Key Laboratory of Mountain Ecological Restoration and Bioresource Utilization, and Ecological Restoration and Biodiversity Conservation Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Chengdu 610041, China
2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences , Beijing 100049, China
关键词:
川西亚高山针叶林自然演替土壤结构持水能力
Keywords:
subalpine in western Sichuan coniferous forest natural succession soil structure water holding capacity
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2020.08026
摘要:
次生演替已成为川西亚高山针叶林迹地上的主要演替方式之一,然而鲜有研究针对该区域演替环境下土壤物理性质以及持水性能。我们选择了川西米亚罗林区现有次生然演替序列草地、灌丛、次生桦木林、原始针叶林为对象,以期能够揭示川西亚高山森林采伐迹地次生演替过程中土壤物理性质以及持水性能的变化规律。结果显示,草地、灌丛和次生桦木林与原始针叶林相比,土壤容重差异性显著,分别增加了52.17%、44.93%、17.39%,土壤总孔隙度和非毛管孔隙度差异性显著,分别减少了13.61%、11.60%、4.66%和14.44%、12.62%、 0.52% ;关于土壤持水性能,原始针叶林有着最高的土壤最大持水量和土壤非毛管持水量,分别为2315.44t/hm2和751.40t/hm2,随着次生演替进行,土壤非毛管持水量显著增加,细根和土壤有机质是导致土壤持水量变化的原因之一。这些结果说明,相对于原始针叶林而言,其它3种演替阶段的土壤蓄水能力都遭到了不同程度的破坏。前期采伐破坏了土壤物理结构,土壤仍留有“记忆”, 叠加上后期干扰,改变了土壤物理性质,使其具有较高的土壤容重和较低的土壤总孔隙度,因而土壤持水性能相对较差。这些结果对于人为加快川西亚高山针叶林迹地生态功能恢复措施的提出具有一定的理论与实践意义。(图3表3参5)
Abstract:
The secondary succession of subalpine forest in western Sichuan has become one of the main succession modes in this region. However, few studies have focused on the physical properties and water retention of soil under the succession environment in this region. Grasslands, shrublands, secondary birch forests and primitive coniferous forests in Miyaro forest area of western Sichuan were selected as the research objects, in order to reveal the change pattern of soil physical properties and soil water holding performance during the secondary succession. The results showed that the soil bulk density of grassland, shrubland and secondary birch forest increased significantly by 52.17%, 44.93% and 17.39% compared with the primitive con iferous forest, and the total soil porosity and non-capillary porosity decreased significantly by 13.61%, 11.60%, 4.66% and 14.44% , 12.62%, 0.52%. In terms of soil water holding capacity, the primitive coniferous forest stage had the highest soil maximum water holding capacity and non-capillary water holding capacity, which were 2315.44t/hm2 and 751.40t/hm2, the soil non -capillary water holding capacity of soil increased significantly with the secondary succession, fine roots and soil organic matter are one of the reasons for the change of soil water holding capacity . These results revealed that compared with the primitive coniferous forest, the soil water storage capacity of the other three succession stages has been damaged to varying degr ees. Early logging destroyed the physical structure of soil, and the soil “memory” was super posed with the disturbance, which changed the physical properties of soil and made it have higher soil bulk density and lower soil total porosity, therefore, the soil water holding capacity is relatively poor. These results have a certain theoretical and practical significance for accelerating the restoration of ecological function of subalpine coniferous forest in western Sichuan.

相似文献/References:

[1]殷睿,徐振锋,吴福忠,等.雪被斑块对川西亚高山冷杉林冬季土壤活性氮库及氮矿化潜力的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2014,20(01):15.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.00015]
 YIN Rui,XU Zhengfeng,WU Fuzhong,et al.Effects of snow pack on winter soil labile nitrogen pools and nitrogen mineralization potential in an subalpine Abies faxoniana forest of western Sichuan[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2014,20(04):15.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.00015]
[2]唐仕姗,杨万勤,何伟,等.川西亚高山3种优势林木不同径级根系分解及木质素、纤维素降解特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2015,21(04):745.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.01043]
 TANG Shishan,YANG Wanqin,HE Wei,et al.Root decomposition, lignin and cellulose degradation of three dominant subalpine trees of different diameters in western Sichuan[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2015,21(04):745.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.01043]
[3]杨开军熊莉 杨万勤 贺若阳 李志杰 庄丽燕 谭波 徐振锋**.林窗对川西亚高山云杉人工林土壤呼吸的影响?[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(03):505.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.10038]
 YANG Kaijun,XIONG Li,YANG Wanqin,et al.Effects of forest gap to soil respiration in a subalpine Picea asperata plantation of western Sichuan*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(04):505.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.10038]
[4]杨欢,尹春英,郑东辉,等.川西亚高山针叶林云杉和冷杉生长季和非生长季叶片碳氮磷化学计量特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2017,23(06):1089.[doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.03007]
 YANG Huan,YIN Chunying**,et al.Leaf C:N:P stoichiometry in a growing season and nongrowing season of Picea asperata and Abies faxoniana, dominant tree species in subalpine coniferous forests of western Sichuan[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2017,23(04):1089.[doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.03007]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期 Received: 2020-08-18 接受日期 Accepted: 2020-10-12
国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC0505002)、国家自然科学基金(31770658)、中科院重点部署项目(KFZD-SW-427)和四川省科技计划(2018SZDZX0030)资助
**通讯作者 Corresponding author (E-mail: pangxy@cib.ac.cn)
本文为已录用的作者修定稿,尚未经编辑全面修改。
引用本文请注明出处本刊;发表刊期和页码将以正式出版时的安排为准,但DOI确定不变。
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-11-06