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[1]杨茂华** 穆廷桢 苗得露 刘金龙 张翔 邢建民**.【综 述】盐碱湖硫循环及嗜盐嗜碱硫功能菌研究进展[J].应用与环境生物学报,2021,27(03):1-25.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2020.06042]
 YANG Maohua**,MU Tingzhen,MIAO Delu,et al.Advances in research on the sulfur cycle in Soda lake and haloalkaliphilic sulfur bacteria[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2021,27(03):1-25.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2020.06042]
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【综 述】盐碱湖硫循环及嗜盐嗜碱硫功能菌研究进展()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
27卷
期数:
2021年03期
页码:
1-25
栏目:
综 述
出版日期:
2021-06-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Advances in research on the sulfur cycle in Soda lake and haloalkaliphilic sulfur bacteria
作者:
杨茂华12** 穆廷桢12 苗得露12 刘金龙3 张翔4 邢建民12**
1 中国科学院过程工程研究所,生化工程国家重点实验室 北京 100190
2 中国科学院过程工程研究所,绿色过程与工程院重点实验室 北京 100190
3 河北科技大学生物与工程学院 石家庄 050018
4 山东省农业科学院农产品研究所 济南 250100
Author(s):
YANG Maohua12** MU Tingzhen12 MIAO Delu12 LIU Jinlong3 ZHANG Xiang4 & XING Jianmin12**
1 Key Laboratory of Green Process and Engineering, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
2 State Key Laboratory of Biochemical Engineering, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
3 School of Biology and Engineering, Hebei University of Science and Technology, Shijiazhuang 050018, China
4 Institute of Agro-Food Science and Technology, Shandong Academy?of Agricultural Sciences, Jinan 250100, China
关键词:
盐碱湖硫循环嗜盐嗜碱微生物硫氧化菌硫还原菌
Keywords:
Soda Lake sulfur cycle haloalkaliphilic microorganism sulfur oxidizing bacteria sulfur reduc ing bacteria
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2020.06042
摘要:
硫循环是地球化学元素循环之一,微生物在其中发挥关键的驱动作用。深入认识微生物驱动的硫循环过程,将有助于探究生物地球化学循环机制。盐碱湖因具有完整的硫循环途径、丰富的硫功能菌种类,已成为研究硫地球化学循环的理想环境。本文总结了近年来有关盐碱湖硫元素循环过程及嗜盐嗜碱性硫功能菌的研究进展。包括基于多种组学的盐碱湖微生物多样性分析以及嗜盐嗜碱性硫功能菌的应用,重点分析了已经分离或完成测序的嗜盐嗜碱性硫氧化菌(11个属,24个种)和硫还原菌(15个属,25个种)的生理生化特点及系统发育关系,并且总结了硫代谢基因的分布规律,明确了盐碱湖中微生物硫代谢主要途径,其中细胞色素C硫化氢脱氢酶和Sox氧化酶系组成盐碱湖中硫氧化的最主要途径。本文初步形成了盐碱湖硫循环过程概貌、较完整的嗜盐嗜碱硫功能菌谱系及硫代谢途径,这将对认识地球硫元素循环,尤其是盐碱湖硫循环具有重要意义。建议将来加强开展有关异养硫氧化菌代谢过程、硫碳氮代谢之间关系及相互作用、影响硫循环过程的关键环境因子及调控手段等研究,进一步推进嗜盐嗜碱性硫功能菌的应用。
Abstract:
The element sulfur cycle is one of the important geochemical element cycles in which microorganisms play a key driving role. An in-depth study of the microbial-driven sulfur cycle process will help to explore new mechanisms of biogeochemical cycles. Soda Lake has become an ideal environment for studying the sulfur geochemical cycle because of its complete and unique sulfur conversion pathways and abundant types of sulfur-dissimilating bacteria. This article summarizes the recent research progress of the sulfur cycle and haloalkaliphilic sulfur bacteria in soda lakes. This article mainly includes omics-based analysis of the microbial diversity of soda lakes and the practical application of haloalkaliphilic sulfur bacteria, focusing on the analysis of physiological and biochemical characteristics of sulfur-oxidizing bacteria (11 genera, 24 species) and sulfur-reducing bacteria (15 genera, 25 species) that have been isolated or sequenced. In addition, the authors also summarized the distribution of sulfur metabolism genes, and clarified the main pathways of microbial sulfur metabolism in soda lakes. They found that cytochrome C sulfide dehydrogenase and Sox system constitute the most important pathways for sulfur oxidation in soda lakes. In short, the authors present the global sulfur cycle in the soda lakes, and a more complete lineage of haloalkaliphilic sulfur-dissimilating bacteria, and sulfur metabolism pathways. Finally, the following studies are recommended, including the metabolic process of heterotrophic sulfur-oxidizing bacteria, the relationship between sulfur, carbon, and nitrogen metabolism, key environmental factors that affect the sulfur cycle process, and regulatory strategies.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期 Received: 2020-06-17 接受日期 Accepted: 2020-07-27
国家自然科学基金项目(31872633、31800030、21878307)、国家重点研发计划项目(2020YFA0906800)和山东省自然科学基金(ZR2016YL031)资助 Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31872633, 31800030, 21878307), the National Key R&D Program of China (2020YFA0906800) and the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (ZR2016YL031)
**通讯作者 Corresponding author (E-mail: mhyang@ipe.ac.cn; jmxing@ipe.ac.cn)
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更新日期/Last Update: 2020-08-04