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[1]周思婕 张敏 王平**.[综 述] 植物质膜H+-ATP酶对环境胁迫因子的响应研究进展[J].应用与环境生物学报,2021,27(01):1-18.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2020.02022]
 ZHOU Sijie,ZHANG Min & WANG Ping **.Response of plant plasma membrane H+-ATPase to environmental stress factors: a review[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2021,27(01):1-18.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2020.02022]
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[综 述] 植物质膜H+-ATP酶对环境胁迫因子的响应研究进展()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
27卷
期数:
2021年01期
页码:
1-18
栏目:
综 述
出版日期:
2021-02-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Response of plant plasma membrane H+-ATPase to environmental stress factors: a review
作者:
周思婕 张敏 王平**
南京林业大学生物与环境学院 南京 210037
Author(s):
ZHOU Sijie ZHANG Min & WANG Ping **
College of Biology and the Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
关键词:
质子泵生理功能基因表达磷酸化胞内信号分子非生物胁迫
Keywords:
proton pump physiological role gene expression phosphorylation intracellular signaling molecules abiotic stresses
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2020.02022
摘要:
植物质膜质子泵(H+-ATP酶)是一种重要的功能蛋白,为次级主动运输提供质子动力,既参与调控植物正常生长,也参与植物响应环境因子等非生物胁迫时抗性机制的构建。探讨植物质膜H+-ATP酶活性调控机理已成为植物生理学领域的研究热点。在简要概括植物质膜H+-ATP酶结构与生理功能的基础上,结合近年来质膜H+-ATP酶对环境因子的响应研究,重点论述酶活性在基因表达和蛋白磷酸化水平上的调控以及胞内信号分子在调控中所起的作用。在非生物胁迫下,植物通过调节质膜H+-ATP酶活性水平提高其对不利环境的适应性来响应温度、酸度、盐分、重金属等环境因子的变化。植物质膜H+-ATP酶活性可以由转录水平改变引起的酶蛋白基因特异性表达调控,也可以由酶蛋白翻译后磷酸化修饰调控。生长素、蛋白激酶、Ca2+、H2O2等胞内信号分子介导了这两种酶活性调节方式的进行,但是对植物细胞内信号分子在质膜H+-ATP酶活性调控过程中的作用及其传导途径的研究不够深入。未来应结合细胞水平、能量代谢和信号传导,多角度系统深入探究植物质膜H+-ATP酶响应逆境胁迫活性调控机理,并重点分析植物细胞内信号分子在质膜H+-ATP酶活性转录及翻译后修饰调控过程中的作用机制及其传导途径。
Abstract:
The plant plasma membrane proton pump ( PM H+-ATPase) is an important functional protein, which provides proton drive for secondary active transport and is involved in the regulation of plant growth and the construction of plant resistance mechanism in response to abiotic stresses such as environmental factors. Therefore, exploring the modification mechanism of plant plasma membrane H+-ATPase activity is of significance in plant physiology research. In this paper, the structure and physiological functions of plant plasma membrane H +-ATPase are briefly summarized. Based on the research es of plant plasma membrane H +-ATPase in response to environmental factors, the regulation of H+-ATPase activity at gene expression and protein phosphorylation level s, and the role of intracellular signaling molecules in regulatory approaches are discussed in details. Plants can respond to changes in environmental factors such as temperature, acidity, salinity and heavy metals by regulating the plasma membrane H+-ATPase activity to improve their adaptability to the unfavorable environment. The plant plasma membrane H+-ATPase activity is regulated by the specific expression of protein gene caused by transcriptional level, or by the protein post-translational phosphorylation modification. Intracellular signaling molecules such as auxin, protein kinase, Ca2+ and H 2O2 may mediate these two activity regulatory approaches of plant plasma membrane H+-ATPase. However, the study on the role of intracellular signaling molecules and their transduction pathways in the regulatory process was not well carried out . Future research should combine the cellular level, energy metabolism and signal transduction to explore the regulatory mechanism of plant plasma membrane H+-ATPase activity in response to adversity stress from multiple perspectives, and focus on analyzing the action mechanism and transduction pathway of intracellular signaling molecules in the process of transcription and post-translational modification regulation of plant plasma membrane H+-ATPase activity.

相似文献/References:

[1]黄荣峰,王学巨.气孔运动机理研究进展[J].应用与环境生物学报,1996,2(03):320.
 Huang Rongfeng,Wang Xuechen.ADVANCES IN MECHANISM OF STOMATAL MOVEMENTS[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,1996,2(01):320.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期 Received: 2020-02-17 接受日期 Accepted: 2020-05-18
国家自然科学基金项目(30771696,31270680)资助 Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (30771696 and 31270680)
**通讯作者 Corresponding author (E-mail: 18061713169@163.com)
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更新日期/Last Update: 2020-05-22