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[1]夏万才 邵发亮 贾国清 崔鹏 周华明 杨陈 王杰**.贡嘎山鸟类的多样性、分布及区系[J].应用与环境生物学报,2021,27(01):1-15.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2020.01012]
 XIA Wancai,SHAO Faliang,JIA Guoqing,et al.Avian diversity, distribution, and fauna of Gongga Mountains[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2021,27(01):1-15.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2020.01012]
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贡嘎山鸟类的多样性、分布及区系()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
27卷
期数:
2021年01期
页码:
1-15
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2021-02-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Avian diversity, distribution, and fauna of Gongga Mountains
作者:
夏万才1 邵发亮2 贾国清2 崔鹏3 周华明4 杨陈1 王杰1**
1中国科学院成都生物研究所山地生态恢复与生物资源利用院重点实验室 成都 610041
2四川贡嘎山国家级自然保护区管理局 康定 626000
3生态环境部南京环境科学研究所 南京 210042
4甘孜藏族自治州林业科学研究所 康定 626001
Author(s):
XIA Wancai1 SHAO Faliang2 JIA Guoqing2 CUI Peng3 ZHOU Huaming4 YANG Chen1 & WANG Jie 1**
1 Key Laboratory of Mountain Ecological Restoration and Bioresource Utilization, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China
2 Gongga Mountain National Nature Reserve, Kangding 626000, China
3 Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the Peoples Republic of China, Nanjing 210042, China
4 Ganzi Prefecture Forestry Research Institute, Kangding 626001, China
关键词:
贡嘎山鸟类多样性垂直分布水平分布区系
Keywords:
Gongga Mountain avian diversity elevational distribution horizontal distribution fauna
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2020.01012
摘要:
鸟类是环境质量的指示物种,开展鸟类多样性的研究有助于了解区域生物多样性的现状和格局,为生物多样性的保护和管理提供科学参考。2011-2018年采用固定样线法并辅以红外相机拍摄法,对贡嘎山东坡和西坡的鸟类进行调查。共记录到鸟类259种,隶属14目52科。其中非雀形目13目15科63种,雀形目37科196种,国家Ⅰ级重点保护鸟类5种,国家Ⅱ级重点保护鸟类20种,中国特有鸟类15种。贡嘎山区域以留鸟为主,达179种(占69.1%),夏候鸟63种,冬候鸟9种,旅鸟8种;鸟类多样性整体上呈现中锋分布模式,即以中海拔带鸟类的多样性最为丰富。东西坡鸟类的多样性和区系差异较大,东坡鸟类多样性高于西坡,虽均以东洋界物种为主,但古北界鸟种在西坡所占的比例高于东坡。本研究为贡嘎山自然保护区增加鸟类新纪录11种。(图1表4参28)
Abstract:
Birds are environmental indicators. The analysis of avian diversity is useful to clarify the status and structure of reginal biodiversity and thus to promote efficient management measures . We conducted line transects and infrared camera traps for birds’ investigations during 2011-2018 in the western and eastern slopes of Gongga Mountains. We recorded 259 bird species belonging to 14 orders and 52 families, including 6 3 non-passeriformes species in 15 families and 13 orders, and 196 passeriformes species in 3 7 families. Five , twenty , and fifteen species belong to the National-protected Grade I and II, and Chinese endemic species, respectively. There are 179 (69.1%) , 63, 9 and 8 bird species were residents, summer visitors, winter visitors, and migrants in Gongga Mountains, respectively. Species richness is highest at the middle altitudes, supporting the mid-domain hypothesis. Bird species richness is greater in the eastern slopes than in the western slopes. A majority of species in both slopes are Oriental origin, but Palearctic origin species occupy a higher percentage in the western slopes than in the eastern slopes. We recorded eleven bird species for the first time at the Gongga Mountains National Nature Reserve .

相似文献/References:

[1]吴宁.贡嘎山麦吊杉群落结构的研究[J].应用与环境生物学报,1995,1(04):334.
 Wu Ning.STUDIES ON THE PICEA BRACHYTYLA COMMUNITY ON THE GONGGA MOUNTAINS[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,1995,1(01):334.
[2]王晓胡,寇涌苹,赵文强,等.贡嘎山森林土壤氨氧化微生物数量在海拔梯度的空间分异特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(02):275.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.05045]
 WANG Xiaohu,KOU Yongping,et al.Spatial heterogeneity of ammonia-oxidizing microorganisms along the elevation gradient in the forest soil of Mount Gongga[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(01):275.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.05045]
[3]夏万才,邵发亮,贾国清,等.贡嘎山鸟类的多样性、分布及区系[J].应用与环境生物学报,2020,26(04):1029.
 XIA Wancai,SHAO Faliang,JIA Guoqing,et al.Avian diversity, distribution, and fauna of the Gongga Mountains[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2020,26(01):1029.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期 Received: 2020-01-03 接受日期 Accepted: 2020-04-03
国家自然科学基金项目(31570391)、贡嘎山国家级自然保护区采购项目(SCIT-ZG-201702102)、生态环境部生物多样性保护专项(2016HB2096001006, 2110404)、中国科学院生物多样性监测研究网络平台(Y3C6021101)资助。 Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31570391), Government Procurement program of Gongga Mountain National Nature Reserve (SCIT-ZG-201702102), Program for Biodiversity Protection of Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People’s Republic of China (2016HB2096001006, 2110404), and Biodiversity Monitoring Network Platform of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Y3C6021101)
**通讯作者 Corresponding author (E-mail: wangjie@cib.ac.cn)
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更新日期/Last Update: 2020-05-22