|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]乔子茹 魏华炜 马佳莹 谢冰**.餐厨垃圾生物处理过程中VOCs的产生与控制研究进展*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2020,26(01):1-12.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.04018]
 QIAO Ziru,WEI Huawei MA Jiaying & XIE Bing**.Review on VOCs generation and control in the bio-treatment process of food waste *[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2020,26(01):1-12.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.04018]
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餐厨垃圾生物处理过程中VOCs的产生与控制研究进展*()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
26卷
期数:
2020年01期
页码:
1-12
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2020-01-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Review on VOCs generation and control in the bio-treatment process of food waste *
作者:
乔子茹 魏华炜 马佳莹 谢冰**
华东师范大学生态与环境科学学院,上海城市生态过程与生态恢复重点实验室 上海 200241
Author(s):
QIAO Ziru WEI Huawei MA Jiaying & XIE Bing**
Shanghai Key Lab for Urban Ecological Processes and Eco-Restoration, School of Ecological and Environment Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241,China
关键词:
餐厨垃圾挥发性有机物堆肥厌氧消化卫生填埋
Keywords:
food waste VOCs composting anaerobic fermentation landfill
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.04018
摘要:
餐厨垃圾生物处理包括好氧堆肥、厌氧消化及卫生填埋等方式,在处理过程中会产生大量的挥发性有机物(VOCs)造成二次污染,对环境和人体健康均造成危害。对餐厨垃圾生物处理过程中VOCs产生机理、排放特征及控制方法方面进行综述,为餐厨垃圾生物处理过程中VOCs控制提供参考。已有研究表明:餐厨垃圾生物处理过程产生VOCs可达100种以上。好氧堆肥、厌氧消化、卫生填埋可产生总VOC量分别为57.40-12736.72 mg/kg、25.98-29.19 mg/m3和106.20-1103.70 mg/m 3,且VOCs组成成分复杂,种类与气体量受处理季节、处理时间、处理技术等因素影响较大。当前的VOCs控制技术包括吸附净化、生物净化、热力燃烧等。吸附净化装置简单、成本低但热稳定性差、吸附容量较小;热力燃烧适用于厌氧消化产生的小气体量VOCs,但存在着能耗高、局限性大等缺点。相较于其他控制方法,生物净化具有适用范围广、能耗低、二次污染小、去除效率高等优点,可作为餐厨垃圾生物处理过程中VOCs的主要控制方法。本文提出未来将餐厨垃圾生物处理过程VOCs产生的微生物机理研究,优化控制技术参数,提高总体去除效率作为重点研究与技术突破方向。(图2表2参76)
Abstract:
The food waste can produce a large amount of secondary pollutants such as volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in bio -treatment process that includes aerobic composting, anaerobic fermentation and landfill, which will do harm to the environment and human health. In this review, the mechanism, emission characteristics and control methods of VOCs in the food waste bio-treatment process are summarized, which could benefit for the research of VOCs generation mechanism and control methods. Results are shown that there are more than 100 types of VOCs produced from food waste. The concentration of VOCs produced by aerobic composting, anaerobic fermentation and sanitary landfill are 57.40-12736.72mg/kg, 25.98-29.19 mg/m3 and 106.2-1103.7mg/m3, respectively. The components of VOCs released from food waste are complex, which are greatly influenced by treatment time, season, technology and other factors. Current VOCs control technologies include adsorption purification , biological purification, thermal combustion and etc. Adsorption purification is simple, low cost, but with poor thermal stability and small adsorption capacity. Thermal combustion is suitable for VOCs of small gas volume from anaerobic digestion, but it has the disadvantages of high energy consumption and large limitations. Compared with other control methods, bio-purification has the advantages of wide application range, low energy consumption, low secondary pollution and high removal efficiency. It can be used as the main control method of VOCs in the bio-treatment process of food waste. It is suggested that the key research and technological breakthroughs in the future are the microbial mechanism of VOCs in the bio-treatment of food waste, optimizing th e control parameters and improving the overall removal efficiency.

相似文献/References:

[1]江承亮,腾昌运,李敬,等.蝇蛆生物转化餐厨垃圾的效能评估[J].应用与环境生物学报,2017,23(06):1159.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.03018]
 JIANG Chengliang,TENG Changyun,LI Jin,et al.The effectiveness of bioconversion of food waste by housefly larvae[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2017,23(01):1159.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.03018]
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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期Received: 2019-04-08 接受日期Accepted: 2019-05-29
*国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFC1901000)资助
**通讯作者 Corresponding author(E-mail: bxie@des.ecnu.edu.cn)
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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-06-19