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[1]詹明晔 付小花 张 姝 张 鑫 杨海迪 俞锦华 王爱善 王 磊 **.不同地区成体大熊猫肠道微生物结构差异性及其与纤维素消化能力的相关性*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(03):1-9.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.08012]
 ZHAN Mingye,FU Xiaohua,ZHANG Shu,et al.Differences of intestinal microbial structure of adult giant panda in different regions and its correlation with the digestibility of cellulose*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(03):1-9.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.08012]
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不同地区成体大熊猫肠道微生物结构差异性及其与纤维素消化能力的相关性*()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
25卷
期数:
2019年03期
页码:
1-9
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2019-06-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Differences of intestinal microbial structure of adult giant panda in different regions and its correlation with the digestibility of cellulose*
文章编号:
201808012
作者:
詹明晔1 付小花 1 张 姝 2 张 鑫 3 杨海迪 3 俞锦华 4 王爱善 2 王 磊 1**
1同济大学环境科学与工程学院 上海市污染控制与生态安全研究院 上海市 2000922上海动物园 上海市 2003353中国大熊猫保护研究中心 都江堰市 6118304上海野生动物园发展有限公司 上海市 201399
Author(s):
ZHAN Mingye 1 FU Xiaohua 1 ZHANG Shu 2 ZHANG Xin 3 YANG Haidi 3 YU Jinhua 4 WANG Aishan 2&WANG Lei 1**
?1College of Environmental Science and Engineering in Tongji University , Institute of Pollution Control and Ecological Safety in Shanghai. , Shanghai 200092, China 2Shanghai Zoo, Shanghai 200335, China 3Chinese Giant Panda Protection Research Center, Dujiangyan 611830, China 4Shanghai Wild Zoo Development Co., Ltd., Shanghai 201399, China
关键词:
大熊猫竹成分肠道微生物纤维素酶相关性
Keywords:
giant panda bamboo ingredients intestinal organism cellulose correlation
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.08012
摘要:
大熊猫是我国的珍稀物种之一。大熊猫饲养、繁育和保护工作一直备受人们关注。肠道微生物对大熊猫的消化吸收、代谢免疫具有重要的意义。本实验旨在研究上海、四川两地成体大熊猫肠道微生物结构的差异及其与消化纤维素能力的关系。本研究对两地大熊猫肠道微生物多样性、纤维素酶活性以及两地环境差异、食物性质等进行分析,并对成体大熊猫肠道微生物性质与纤维素酶活性进行了相关性分析。结果表明,上海成体大熊猫肠道菌群结构较四川更加丰富,上海成体大熊猫肠道优势菌和特异性菌与四川成体大熊猫有较大差异。上海成体大熊猫具有更高的纤维素消化能力,这可能得益于其肠道中更丰富的细菌多样性和较丰富的芽孢杆菌属(Bacillus)及山野壳菌科未知菌属(Unclassified_f_Montagnulaceae)。两地成体大熊猫肠道微生物多样性及消化纤维素能力的差异,可能是由食物性质、海拔等外在环境因素导致的。总体而言,不同地区成体大熊猫肠道微生物结构差异明显,且对大熊猫肠道的消化能力带来一定的影响。图4表7参37
Abstract:
Objectives: Giant panda is one of the rare species in our country. People are always focused on the raising , breeding and conservation of giant pandas . The intestinal microorganisms are very important for giant pandas ’ digestion , absorption , metabolism and immunity . The purpose of this study is to investigate the differences of the intestinal microbial structure of adult giant pandas between Shanghai and Sichuan and their relationship with the ability to digest cellulose.Methods: Analysis of the gut microbial diversity and cellulase activity of giant pandas, as well as the environmental differences and food properties in two places. The correlation of the microbial properties and cellulase activities of adult giant pandas w ere analyzed. Results: The microbial diversity is more abundant in gut of adult giant pandas in Shanghai, and the dominant bacteria and unique genus of giant pandas in Shanghai has great difference with that in Sichuan. Moreover, the cellulose digestibility is higher in Shanghai due to its richer bacteria l diversity and more abundant Bacillus and Unclassified_f_Montagnulaceae. The differences of the intestinal microbial structure and cellulose digestive abilities of adult giant pandas might be effected by some external environmental factors, like food and attitude. Conclusions: Overall, the difference of the intestine microbial diversity of adult giant panda in different regions can affect cellulolytic capacity partly.? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ??

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2018-08-11 接受日期 Accepted: 2018-08-29*上海市科学技术委员会重大科技攻关课题(16dz1205903,16dz1205904)资助 **通讯作者(E-mail: celwang@tongji.edu.cn)点击摘要页题目后的“PDF”可下载阅读全文;本文为已录用的作者修定稿,尚未经编辑全面修改。引用本文请注明出处本刊;发表刊期和页码将以正式出版时的安排为准,但DOI确定不变。
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-11-19