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[1]孔维宝** 陈 冬 杨树玲 张爱梅 朱学泰 牛世全.油橄榄与丛枝菌根真菌的共生效应研究进展*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(02):1-13.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.07015]
 KONG Weibao**,CHEN Dong,YANG Shuling,et al.Progress on the symbiotic effects between olive ( Olea europaea L.) and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(02):1-13.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.07015]
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油橄榄与丛枝菌根真菌的共生效应研究进展*()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
25卷
期数:
2019年02期
页码:
1-13
栏目:
综述
出版日期:
2019-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Progress on the symbiotic effects between olive ( Olea europaea L.) and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi*
文章编号:
201807015
作者:
孔维宝** 陈 冬 杨树玲 张爱梅 朱学泰 牛世全
西北师范大学生命科学学院 兰州 730070
Author(s):
KONG Weibao** CHEN Dong YANG Shuling ZHANG Aimei ZHU Xuetai NIU Shiquan
College of Life Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou730070, China
关键词:
油橄榄丛枝菌根真菌共生效应物种多样性菌剂
Keywords:
olive arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi symbiotic effect species diversity agent
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.07015
摘要:
油橄榄在育苗栽培及生长发育过程中往往会受到各种胁迫,影响果实产量和橄榄油品质,而接种可与油橄榄共生的丛枝菌根真菌(arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi,AMF)可以提高苗成活率、改善油橄榄生长状况、抵御胁迫效果显著。目前从油橄榄根系和根际土壤分离报到的已达13属50多种,可用于油橄榄栽培的潜在AMF资源十分丰富。总结了影响AMF侵染油橄榄根系的主要因素,着重阐述了接种AMF对油橄榄生长、抗性生理及品质的影响:① 促进植株根系的生长和分枝,提高对水分及矿质元素的吸收效率;② 增大宿主叶面积,提高气孔导率及光合效率,使植株营养生长更加旺盛,增强对移植、干旱、虫害等胁迫的耐受性;③ 改善油橄榄果实外观、品质及产量。综合来看,研究国产油橄榄的共生AMF种类、分布及影响因素,开发有效的AMF菌剂用于国产油橄榄育苗和种植产业具有良好的发展前景。(表1 参87)
Abstract:
Olive trees are inescapably affected by various stresses during seedling cultivation and growth, seriously affecting yield and oil quality of olive crops. Inoculation of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) symbiosed with olive trees can improve the survival rate of seedlings , nutrient uptake and stress tolerance of host plant . At present, more than 13 genera and 50 species have been isolated and reported from the root system of olive and rhizosphere soil. In this paper, the main factors influencing AMF infection on the root system of olive were analyzed, and the effects of AMF inoculation on the growth and resistance physiology of olive were emphatically described: ① p romote the growth and branching of plant roots, improve the absorption efficiency of water and mineral elements ; ② i ncrease the leaf area of host, improve stomatal conductance and photosynthetic efficiency, make plant nutritive growth more vigorous and strengthen the tolerance to transplant, drought, insect pests and other stresses; ③ i mprove the appearance, quality and yield of olive fruit. On the basis of summarizing and analyzing the current situation of related research about AMF with olive , the prospect of related research work in China and the problems to be solved were prospected. To sum up, in the future, the study on the symbiotic AMF species, distribution and influencing factors of domestic olive will be conducted, and the development of effective AMF agent for the cultivation of domestic olive seedling and planting industry has a good prospect.

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[1]梁昌聪,肖艳萍,赵之伟.云南会泽废弃铅锌矿区植物丛枝菌根和深色有隔内生真菌研究[J].应用与环境生物学报,2007,13(06):811.
 LIANG Changcong,et al..Arbuscular Mycorrhiza and Dark Septate Endophytes in an Abandoned Lead-Zinc Mine in Huize, Yunnan, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2007,13(02):811.
[2]王树和 王昶 王晓娟 金樑.根瘤菌、丛枝菌根(AM)真菌与宿主植物共生的分子机理*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2008,14(05):721.
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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2018-07-11 接受日期 Accepted: 2018-10-08
*国家自然科学基金项目(31360192)资助?
**通讯作者(E-mail: kwbao@163.com)
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更新日期/Last Update: 2018-11-13