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[1]夏会娟,孔维静,王汩,等.北京市北运河水系水生植物群落结构与生物完整性[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(02):260-268.[doi: 10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.06027]
 XIA Huijuan,KONG Weijing,WANG Mi,et al.Community structure and biotic integrity of aquatic plants along the North Canal in Beijing[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(02):260-268.[doi: 10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.06027]
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北京市北运河水系水生植物群落结构与生物完整性()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
24卷
期数:
2018年02期
页码:
260-268
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2018-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Community structure and biotic integrity of aquatic plants along the North Canal in Beijing
作者:
夏会娟孔维静王汩徐宗学殷旭旺李学森
1北京林业大学林学院 北京 100083 2中国环境科学研究院流域水生态保护技术研究室 北京 100012 3大连海洋大学水产与生命学院辽宁省水生生物学重点实验室 大连 116023 4北京师范大学水科学研究院水沙科学教育部重点实验室 北京 100875 5辽宁省辽河凌河保护区管理局 沈阳 110000
Author(s):
XIA Huijuan KONG Weijing WANG Mi XU Zongxue YIN Xuwang LI Xuesen
1 College of Forest Science, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China 2 Laboratory of Riverine Ecological Conservation and Technology, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China 3 Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory for Hydrobiology, College of Fisheries and Life Science, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian 116023, China 4 Key Laboratory of Water and Sediment Sciences, Ministry of Education, College of Water Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China 5Liaoning Province Liaohe and Linghe River Reserve Administration, Shenyang 110000, China
关键词:
植被生物完整性(VIBI)水生植物城市河流栖息地环境质量植物区系质量指数(FQAI)
Keywords:
vegetation index of biotic integrity (VIBI) aquatic plant urban river habitat quality floristic quality assessment index (FQAI)
分类号:
X171 : X826
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.06027
摘要:
为促进城市河流的管理和保护,于2015年6月对北京市北运河水系的49个样点开展水生植物群落调查,在此基础上通过分布范围、判别能力和相关分析从备选指标中筛选适宜评价的核心指标,利用比值法计算各核心指标并累加求平均值得到各样点的植被生物完整性(VIBI). 从北运河水系共采集到36种水生植物,其中湿生植物14种,挺水植物13种,沉水植物6种,浮叶植物2种,漂浮植物1种. 北运河水系的水生植物群落物种多样性较低,28个调查样点无水生植物生长,其中包括9个断流河段. 21个有水生植物生长的河段中5个为健康(VIBI > 0.60),5个为良好(0.60 > VIBI > 0.38),7个为一般(0.38 > VIBI > 0.23),4个为较差(VIBI < 0.23). 根据VIBI的空间分布,上游沙河和温榆河以及远郊的凤河VIBI较高,而下游清河、坝河和凉水河等支流的VIBI较低. 相关分析表明栖息地环境质量、栖境多样性、河岸植被多样性是影响北京市北运河水系VIBI的主要因素. 综上所述,受人类活动的干扰,北运河水系的水生植物物种多样性低,其中人类干扰小的支流植被生物完整性较高,而人类干扰严重的支流植被生物完整性较低. (图4 表4 参46 附表1)
Abstract:
Aquatic plants along the North Canal in Beijing were studied to identify the community structure of aquatic plants and vegetation index of biotic integrity (VIBI), and to provide scientific basis for the management and protection of urban rivers. Aquatic plants from 49 sampling sites along the North Canal were investigated during June 2015. Based on the field data, distributing range analysis, discriminatory power analysis, and correlation analysis were used stepwise to select core metrics from candidate metrics to establish the VIBI assessment system. The VIBI value of each sampling site was calculated as the average of the scaled values of all core metrics. Thirty-six aquatic plant species, including 14 hygrophytes, 13 emergent species, 6 submergent species, 2 floating-leaved species, and 1 floating species were collected. Species diversity was low in the North Canal, and no aquatic plants were recorded in 28 sampling sites, of which 9 sampling sites were dried up. Five sites were in excellent condition (VIBI > 0.60), 5 were good (0.60 > VIBI > 0.38), 7 were fair (0.38 > VIBI > 0.23), and 4 were poor (VIBI < 0.23). Based on the distribution of VIBI, Shahe River and Wenyu River upstream, and Fenghe River located in suburbs had a higher VIBI. Downstream tributaries, such as Qinghe River, Bahe River, and Liangshui River, had a lower VIBI. Correlation analysis showed that habitat quality, habitat complexity, and vegetation diversity along riparian zones were the important factors affecting VIBI along the North Canal, Beijing. Aquatic plants along the North Canal showed low species diversity owing to human disturbance. VIBI along tributaries with limited disturbance from human activities was higher; however, VIBI along tributaries disturbed by frequent human activities was lower.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2018-04-25