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[1]杨珊珊,王茜,胡庭兴,等.3种农作物(玉米、黄瓜、豇豆)对银木凋落叶化感作用的生理响应[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(02):292-298.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.05016]
 YANG Shanshan,WANG Qian,HU Tingxing,et al.Physiological responses to allelopathy of decomposing Cinnamomum septentrionale leaf litter of three crops (corn, cucumber, and cowpea)[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(02):292-298.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.05016]
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3种农作物(玉米、黄瓜、豇豆)对银木凋落叶化感作用的生理响应()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
24卷
期数:
2018年02期
页码:
292-298
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2018-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Physiological responses to allelopathy of decomposing Cinnamomum septentrionale leaf litter of three crops (corn, cucumber, and cowpea)
作者:
杨珊珊王茜胡庭兴胡红玲廖玉华陈玉凤谭飞叶茂
1四川农业大学林学院 成都 611130 2西南大学生命科学学院 重庆 400715
Author(s):
YANG Shanshan WANG Qian HU Tingxing HU Hongling LIAO Yuhua CHEN Yufeng TAN Fei YE Mao
1 Faculty of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China 2 Faculty of Life Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
关键词:
凋落叶化感作用银木光合作用营养生长玉米黄瓜豇豆
Keywords:
leaf litter allelopathy Cinnamomum septentrionale photosynthesis vegetative growth Zea may Cucumis?sativus Vigna?unguiculata
分类号:
S718.5
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.05016
摘要:
采用盆栽试验,探讨银木(Cinnamomum septentrionale)凋落叶在土壤中分解初期对受体植物玉米(Zea mays)、黄瓜(Cucumis?sativus)和豇豆(Vigna?unguiculata)生长及生理特性的影响. 试验设置3个凋落叶添加水平,即T1(25 g∕盆)、T2(50 g∕盆)和T3(75 g∕盆),对照(CK)不添加凋落叶. 结果表明:(1)银木凋落叶分解对3种农作物的叶面积和生物量积累产生显著抑制,同时显著抑制了黄瓜、豇豆的高生长. (2)T2、T3处理显著抑制了3种作物的叶绿素Chl(a + b)及类胡萝卜素(Car)含量,且在一定量凋落叶处理下,叶片光合色素比例有所变化,整体呈现出Chl a/b值上升和Chl/Car值下降的趋势. (3)玉米和豇豆的净光合速率(Pn)、气孔导度(Gs)和蒸腾速率(Tr)随着凋落叶量的加大而显著降低(P < 0.05),而胞间二氧化碳浓度(Ci)却有所上升. 此外,黄瓜Pn及气体交换参数在银木凋落叶处理下呈下降趋势. (4)经凋落叶处理的3种作物的过氧化氢酶(CAT)、过氧化物酶(POD)和超氧化物酶(SOD)活性总体上低于CK. 黄瓜、豇豆的丙二醛(MDA)含量在T3、T1处理下均显著降低,而其余各凋落叶处理间并无显著差异. 综上所述,银木凋落叶在土壤中分解释放的化感物质可能通过降低受体作物的光合作用速率及活性氧代谢能力,进而对受体作物的营养生长及生物量积累产生显著抑制. (图2 表3 参41)
Abstract:
To investigate the effects of Cinnamomum septentrionale leaf litter decomposition on the growth of Zea mays, Cucumis sativus, and Vigna unguiculata, a pot experiment was carried out and leaf litter was applied at rate of 0, 25, 50, and 75 g per pot (CK, T1, T2, and T3), respectively. The results indicated that (1) decomposing C. septentrionale leaf litter inhibited the height of C. sativus and V. unguiculata, and showed a significant inhibitory effect on the leaf area and fresh biomass of three recipient crops. (2) The chlorophyll (Chl) and carotenoid (Car) contents of the recipient crops dramatically decreased at T2 and T3 treatments; furthermore, when the amount of leaf litter reached a certain level, the ratios of Chl a/b increased, and the ratios of Chl/Car decreased significantly on the whole. (3) Photosynthetic rate (Pn), stomatal conductance (Gs), and transpiration rate (Tr) of Z. mays and V. unguiculata dramatically decreased, but intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci) showed an increasing trend with the increment of leaf litter. In addition, Pn and the gas exchange parameters (Gs, Ci, and Tr) of C. sativus with litter treatments were lower than CK on the whole. (4) With the increment of leaf litter, catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities of the three crops showed decreasing trends on the whole. Furthermore, no significant differences were observed among all treatments in terms of the malondialdehyde (MDA) contents, except that the MDA contents of C. sativus and V. unguiculata decreased dramatically in T3 and T1 treatments. In conclusion, the decomposing C. septentrionale leaf litter reduced the photosynthesis rate and disturbed the active oxygen metabolism, and ultimately limited the vegetative growth and biomass accumulation of crops.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2018-04-25