|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]王锐,向成华,王谢,等.川中丘陵区3种林-药复合种植模式 土壤呼吸特征*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(05):793-799.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.12028]
 WANG Rui,XIANG Chenghua,et al.Soil respiration characteristics of 3 types of agroforestry system in the Sichuan hilly basin*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(05):793-799.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.12028]
点击复制

川中丘陵区3种林-药复合种植模式 土壤呼吸特征*()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
22卷
期数:
2016年05期
页码:
793-799
栏目:
生态系统的环境互作与表生过程专栏
出版日期:
2016-10-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Soil respiration characteristics of 3 types of agroforestry system in the Sichuan hilly basin*
作者:
王锐向成华王谢胡庭兴陈刚陈洪
1四川农业大学 成都 611134 2四川省林业科学研究院监测中心 成都 610084 3四川省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 成都 610066 4四川省林业勘察设计研究院 成都 610084
Author(s):
WANG Rui1 4 XIANG Chenghua1 2** WANG Xie3 Hu Tingxing1 CHEN Gang1 & CHEN Hong1
1Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611134, China 2Sichuan Forestry Science Research Institute, Chengdu 610084, China 3Institute of soil and fertilizer, Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Chengdu 610066, China 4Sichuan Forestry Survey and Design Research Institute, Chengdu 610084 China
关键词:
林药复合模式川中丘陵区核桃土壤呼吸土壤温度土壤湿度
Keywords:
agroforestry system Sichuan hilly basin soil respiration soil temperature soil moisture
分类号:
S714.5
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.12028
摘要:
在全球变暖的背景下,陆地生态系统碳循环在大气CO2浓度变化过程中扮演重要角色,而目前大面积推广的林药或农林复合模式在平衡经济发展和维持环境生态的关系中起着举足轻重的作用. 2014年1-12月,采用Li-8100对川中丘陵区核桃人工纯林(CK)、核桃-川明参复合模式(HC)、核桃-桔梗复合模式(HJ)、核桃-藿香复合模式(HH)4种林分的土壤呼吸进行定点观测,同时测量土壤温度和湿度. 结果发现:各处理土壤呼吸月动态变化呈先增后减趋势,HC最大值出现在6月下旬,而CK、HJ和HH土壤呼吸峰值出现在7月中旬. 4种林分最低值都出现在1月,HC、HJ、HH分别是CK的1.36倍、1.61倍和0.89倍. 土壤呼吸与土壤温度呈极显著指数增长关系,土壤湿度与土壤呼吸呈倒数关系,但仅HH处理显著. 川中丘陵区4种林药模式中,HH模式更有利于减小土壤碳排放. 估算各林-药复合模式下土壤呼吸年内总碳排放量大小依次为CK、HJ、HC、HH. 本研究表明土壤温度是川中丘陵区土壤呼吸变化的主要因素,不同的人工经营模式对研究区的土壤碳源/汇角色扮演有重要影响. (图5 表2 参36)
Abstract:
In the background of global warming, terrestrial ecosystem carbon cycling plays an important role in the change of atmospheric CO2 concentration. The current large areas of forest and forestry or agroforestry is pivotal to the balance between economic development and ecological maintenance. From January to December 2014, we measured using an automated soil CO2 flux system (LI-8100, LI-COR, USA) the soil respiration of four models (walnut artificial pure forest (CK), walnut – Radix Chuan Mingshinis composite model (HC), walnut – Platycodon compound model (HJ), and walnut – Agastache rugosa composite model (HH)). The soil temperature and humidity were measured at the same time. The measurements showed a first increasing and then decreasing monthly variation trend in soil respiration. The soil respiration was the maximum in late June for HC, but in mid-July for CK, HJ and HH. The lowest soil respiration of HJ, HH, HC were 1.36, 1.61 and 0.89 times respectively higher than that of CK, with the lowest value in January. There was a significant exponential relationship between soil respiration and soil temperature, and a reciprocal relationship between soil moisture and soil respiration, but the relationship was significant only in HH, indicating that HH models should be more conducive than others to reduce soil carbon emissions. The research showed that soil temperature may be the main factor of soil respiration in the hilly region of Sichuan Basin, and the operating model may be an important influencing factor for the role of carbon source/sink in the study area.

参考文献/References:

1 Sayer MAS, Haywood JD. Fine root production and carbohydrate concentrations of mature longleaf pine as affected by season of prescribed fire and drought [J]. Trees, 2006, 20: 165-175 2 陈骥, 曹军骥, 陈迪超, 魏永林, 刘吉宏, 马扶林, 冯嘉裕, 夏瑶, 岑燕. 青海湖北岸高寒草甸草原非生长季土壤呼吸对温度和湿度的响应[J]. 草业学报, 2014, 23: 78-86 [Chen J, Cao JJ, Chen DC, Wei YL, Liu JH, Ma FL, Feng JY, Xia Y, Cen Y. Effect of grazing exclusion on soil respiration during the dormant season in alpine meadow grassland ecosystems on the northern shore of Qinghai Lake [J]. Acta Pratacult Sin, 2014, 23: 78-86] 3 马安娜, 陆健健. 长江口崇西湿地生态系统的二氧化碳交换及潮汐影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2011, 24: 716-721 [Ma AN, Lu JJ. Net ecosystem exchange of carbon and tidal effects in Chongxi wetland, Yangtze Estuary [J]. Environ Sci Res, 2011, 24: 716-721] 4 王国兵, 郝岩松, 王兵, 阮宏华. 土地利用方式的改变对土壤呼吸及土壤微生物生物量的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2006, 28: 73-79 [Wang GB, Hao YS, Wang B, Ruan HH. Influence of land use change on coil respiration and soil microbial biomass [J]. J Beijing Fory Univ, 2006, 28: 73-79] 5 吴志丹, 李跃森, 王义祥, 翁伯琦. 经营措施对土壤碳储量和碳通量的影响[J]. 热带农业科学, 2008, 28: 84-91 [Wu ZD, Li YS, Wang YX, Weng BQ. Effects of human activities on soil carbon storage and soil respiration [J]. Trop Agric Sci, 2008, 28: 84-91] 6 陈卫洪, 漆雁斌. 土地利用形式对发展低碳农业的影响分析[J]. 农业技术经济, 2012 (5): 86-96 [Chen WH, Qi YB. Analysis of the impact of land use form on the development of low carbon agriculture [J]. Agric Technol Econ, 2012, 5: 86-96] 7 赵成义. 陆地不同生态系统土壤呼吸及土壤碳循环研究[D]. 北京: 中国农业科学院, 2004 [Zhao CY. Study on soil respiration and soil carbon cycle of different terrestrial ecosystem [D]. Beijing: Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 2004] 8 李洪建. 不同生态系统土壤呼吸与环境因子的关系研究[D]. 太原: 山西大学, 2008 [Li HJ. Studies on soil respiration and its relations to environmental factors in different ecosystems [D]. Taiyuan: Shanxi University, 2008] 9 高东. 淮北平原三种土地利用类型土壤CO2通量研究[D]. 北京: 北京林业大学, 2011 [Gao D. Study on soil CO2 flux of three kinds of land use types in Huaibei plain [D]. Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2011] 10 谢慧慧. 水蚀风蚀交错区土壤呼吸与水分运动的影响因素及调控[D]. 杨凌: 西北农林科技大学, 2010 [Xie HH. The factors of influence soil respiration and water movement in the water wind erosion crisscross and regulation [D]. Yangling: Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University, 2010] 11 严忠海. 陕南秦巴山区农林复合模式效益评价及优化[D]. 杨凌: 西北农林科技大学, 2005 [Yan ZH. study on benefit assignment and structure optimization of agroforestry systems in Shaanxi Qinba Mountains [D]. Yangling: Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University, 2005] 12 李锡鹏. 川中丘陵区典型农田和森林土壤温室气体排放特征及影响因素[D]. 成都: 西南交通大学, 2014 [Li XP. The characteristics and influencing factors of soil greenhouse gases emissions from typical cropland and forest in hilly areas of the central Sichuan basin [D]. Chengdu: Southwest Jiaotong University, 2014] 13 刘文娟. 华北低山丘陵区石榴-作物间作系统的土壤呼吸特征[D]. 保定: 河北农业大学, 2012 [Liu WJ. Soil respiration of Punica granatum - crop intercropping system in hilly area of North China [D]. Baoding: Agricultural University Of Hebei, 2012] 14 马秀梅. 川中丘陵区农田生态系统的CO2排放通量研究[D]. 重庆: 西南农业大学, 2005 [Ma XM. Studies on emission fluxes of CO2 from soil-crop ecosystem in the hilly area of the central Sichuan basin [D]. Chongqing: Southwest Agricultural University, 2005] 15 王建国. 黄土高原水蚀风蚀交错区土壤呼吸及其影响因素研究[D]. 杨凌: 西北农林科技大学, 2011 [Wang JG. Affecting factors of soil respiration in the water-wind erosion cress cross region [D]. Yangling: Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University, 2011] 16 谢锦升, 杨玉盛, 曾宏达, 杨智杰, 黄石德, 岳辉. 侵蚀红壤植被恢复后土壤呼吸日动态及日呼吸速率测定方法比较[J]. 亚热带资源与环境学报, 2006 (4): 21-28 [Xie JS, Yang YS, Zeng HD, Yang ZJ, Huang SD, Yue H. Diurnal dynamics of soil respiration for different restoration communities in eroded bare land and comparison of soil respiration rates measured by two methods [D]. J Subtrop Resour Environ, 2006, 1: 21-28] 17 杜紫贤, 曾宏达, 黄向华, 魏国军, 李熙波, 张静, 杨玉盛. 城市沿江芦苇湿地土壤呼吸动态及影响因子分析[J]. 亚热带资源与环境学报, 2010 (3): 49-55 [Du ZX, Zeng HD, Zhang, Huang XH, Wei GJ, Li XB, Zhang J, Yang SY. Soil respiration dynamics and influence factors analysis of reed wetland in urban areas [J]. J Subtrop Resour Environ, 2010, 5: 49-55] 18 Lloyd J, Taylor JA. On the temperature dependence of soil respiration [J]. Funct Ecol, 1994, 8: 315-323 19 韩广轩, 周广胜, 许振柱. 中国农田生态系统土壤呼吸作用研究与展望[J]. 植物生态学报, 2008, 32: 719-733 [Han GX, Zhou GS, Xu ZZ. Research and prospects for soil respiration of farmland ecosystems in China [J]. J Plant Ecology, 2008, 32: 719-733] 20 涂利华. 模拟氮沉降对华西雨屏区苦竹人工林生态系统碳循环过程和特征的影响[D]. 成都: 四川农业大学, 2012 [Tu LH. Effects of simulated nitrogen deposition on carbon cycling processes and characteristics of Pleioblastus amarus plantation ecosystem in Rainy Area of West China [D]. Chengdu: Sichuan Agricultural University, 2012] 21 Li XD, Fu H, Guo D, Li X, Wan C. Partitioning soil respiration and assessing the carbon balance in a Setaria italica (L.) Beauv. Cropland on the Loess Plateau, northern China [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 2010, 42: 337-346 22 雷晓莉. 川明参产地加工方法及种子质量标准研究[D]. 成都: 成都中医药大学, 2013 [Lei XL. Studies on origin processing methods of Chuanmingshen and standards for quality research of seed [D]. Chengdu: Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2013] 23 雷福成, 王荣献, 张凯. 桔梗标准化栽培技术[J]. 信阳农业高等专科学校学报, 2004, 14: 88-89 [Lei FC, Wang RX, Zhang K. Standard cultivation techniques of Balloonflower [J]. J Xinyang Agric Coll, 2004, 14: 88-89] 24 吴友根, 郭巧生, 林尤奋, 张军锋. 广藿香生长特性比较及海南广藿香花器结构的观察[J]. 时珍国医国药, 2011, 22: 2997-2999 [Wu YG, Guo QS, Lin YF, Zhang JF. The comparison of growth characteristics and observation of flower structure in pog-ostemoh cablih [J]. Li Shizhen Med Mat Med Res, 2011, 22: 2997-2999] 25 田祥宇, 涂利华, 胡庭兴, 张健, 何远洋, 肖银龙. 华西雨屏区苦竹人工林土壤呼吸各组分特征及其温度敏感性[J]. 应用生态学报, 2012, 23: 293-300 [Tian XY, Tu LH, Hu TX, Zhang J, He YY, Xiao YL. Characteristics of soil respiration components and their temperature sensitivity in a Pleioblastus amarus plantation in Rainy Area of West China [J]. J Appl Ecol, 2012, 23: 293-300 26 王传宽, 杨金艳. 北方森林土壤呼吸和木质残体分解释放出的CO2通量[J]. 生态学报, 2005, 25: 633-638 [Wang C, Yang JY. Carbon dioxide fluxes from soil respiration and woody debris decomposition in boreal forests [J]. J Ecol, 2005, 25: 633-638] 27 栾军伟, 向成华, 骆宗诗, 宫渊波. 森林土壤呼吸研究进展[J]. 应用生态学报, 2006, 17: 2451-2456 [Luan J W, Xiang CH, Luo ZS, Gong YB. Research advances in forest soil respiration [J]. J Appl Ecol, 2006, 17: 2451-2456] 28 刘殿君, 吴波, 李永华, 朱雅娟, 卢琦. 极端干旱区增雨加速泡泡刺群落土壤碳排放[J]. 生态学报, 2012, 32: 5396-5404 [Liu DJ, Wu B, Li YH, Zhu YJ, Lu Q. Rain enrichment-ccelerated carbon emissions from soil in a Nitraria sphaerocapa community in hyperacid region [J]. J Ecol, 2012, 32: 5396-5404] 29 龚斌, 王风玉, 张继平, 沃笑, 刘伟玲, 齐月. 中亚热带森林土壤呼吸日变化及其与土壤温湿度的关系[J]. 生态环境学报, 2013, 22: 1275-1281 [Gong B, Wang FY, Zhang JP, Wo X, Liu WL Qi Y. Diurnal changes of soil respiration of mid-subtropical forest and its relationship with soil temperature and humidity [J]. J Ecol Environ, 2013, 22: 1275-1281] 30 张俊丽, Sikander KT, 温晓霞, 陈月星, 高明博, 刘杨, 廖允成. 不同耕作方式下旱作玉米田土壤呼吸及其影响因素 [J]. 农业工程学报, 2012 (18): 192-198 [Zhang JL, Sikander KT, Wen XX, Chen XY, Gao MB, Liu Y, Liao YC. Soil respiration and its affecting factors in dry-land maize field under different tillage systems [J]. J Agric Eng, 2012 (18): 192-198] 31 杨龙. 温度和水分对青海湖湿地不同植物群落土壤呼吸的影响——以小泊湖为例[D]. 西宁: 青海师范大学, 2013 [Yang L. The impact of temperature and moisture content on soil respiration of different plant community in the Qinghai Lake Wetland [D]. Xining: Qinghai Normal University, 2013] 32 孔雨光, 张金池, 王因花, 张东海, 储冬生, 淘宝先. 苏北淤泥质海岸典型防护林地土壤呼吸及其温度敏感性[J]. 生态学报, 2009, 8: 4026-4034 [Kong YG, Zhang JC, Wang YH, Zhang DH, Chu DS, Tao BX. Soil respiration and its temperature sensitivity of typical protective forest land in northern Jiangsu Province [J]. J Ecol, 2009, 8: 4026-4034] 33 高东, 鲁绍伟, 饶良懿, 李佳, 张滕, 靳阿亮. 淮北平原四种土地利用类型非生长季土壤呼吸速率 [J]. 农业工程学报, 2011 (4): 94-99 [Gao D, Lu SW, Rao LY, LI J, Zhang T, Jin AL. Soil respiration rate of four kinds of land use types in Huaibei plain [J]. J Agric Eng, 2011 (4): 94-99] 34 涂利华, 戴洪忠, 胡庭兴, 张健, 雒守华. 模拟氮沉降对华西雨屏区撑绿杂交竹林土壤呼吸的影响[J]. 应用生态学报, 2011, 22: 829-836 [Tu LH, Dai ZH, Hu TX, Zhang J, Ke SH. Effects of simulated nitrogen deposition on soil respiration in a Bambusa pervariabilis × Dendrocala mopsi plantation in Rainy Area of West China [J]. J Appl Ecol, 2011, 22: 829-830] 35 张涛, 李永夫, 姜培坤, 周国模, 刘娟. 土地利用变化影响土壤碳库特征与土壤呼吸研究综述[J]. 浙江农林大学学报, 2013, 30: 428-437 [Zhang T, Li YF, Jiang PK, Zhou GM, Liu J. The effect of land use change on soil carbon pool and soil respiration was summarized [J]. J Zhejiang Agric For Univ, 2013, 30: 428-437] 36 孟春, 王立海, 沈微. 择伐对小兴安岭地区针阔混交林土壤呼吸温度敏感性的影响[J]. 林业科学, 2011 (3): 102-106 [Meng C, Wang LH, Shen W. Effect of selective cutting on soil respiration temperature sensitivity in the mixed forest of coniferous and broad leaved forest in Small Xingan area [J]. For Sci, 2011 (3): 102-106]

相似文献/References:

[1]吴鹏飞 朱波.桤柏混交林与纯柏林土壤动物群落特征的比较[J].应用与环境生物学报,2008,14(04):488.
[2]杨育林,李贤伟,周义贵,等.林窗式疏伐对川中丘陵区柏木人工林生长和植物多样性的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2014,20(06):971.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.05004]
 YANG Yulin,LI Xianwei,ZHOU Yigui,et al.Effects of gap thinning on growth and diversity of a cypress plantation in the hilly region of central Sichuan[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2014,20(05):971.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.05004]
[3]谢雨彤,唐骄萍,李贤伟,等.低效柏木林窗改造对土壤动物多样性的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(05):800.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.05040]
 XIE Yutong,TANG Jiaoping,LI Xianwei**,et al.Effect of forest gaps of low efficiency Cupressus funebris on soil fauna diversity*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(05):800.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.05040]
[4]吴丽君 李卫忠 薛巍 杨玉莲 林浩 吴庆贵**.桤-柏带状改造对川中丘陵区柏木林土壤C:N:P化学计量特征的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2020,26(05):1.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.12002]
 WU Lijun,LI Weizhong,XUE Wei,et al.[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2020,26(05):1.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.12002]

更新日期/Last Update: 2016-10-25