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[1]陈晶,康峰峰,程小琴,等.太岳山华北落叶松林土壤呼吸特征对模拟氮硫沉降的短期响应[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(22卷04):646-653.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.11027]
 CHEN Jing,KANG Fengfeng,CHENG Xiaoqin,et al.Short-term response of soil respiration to simnlated nitrogen and sulfue deposition in Larix principis-rupprechtii plantation in Taiyue Mountain, China*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(22卷04):646-653.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.11027]
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太岳山华北落叶松林土壤呼吸特征对模拟氮硫沉降的短期响应()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
22卷
期数:
2016年22卷04期
页码:
646-653
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2016-08-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Short-term response of soil respiration to simnlated nitrogen and sulfue deposition in Larix principis-rupprechtii plantation in Taiyue Mountain, China*
作者:
陈晶康峰峰程小琴朱江白英辰韩海荣
北京林业大学省部共建森林培育与保护教育部重点实验室 北京 100083
Author(s):
CHEN Jing KANG Fengfeng CHENG Xiaoqin ZHU Jiang BAI Yingchen & HAN Hairong**
Key Laboratory of Ministry of Forest Cultivation and Conservation of Ministry of Education, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, 100083
关键词:
土壤呼吸氮沉降硫沉降华北落叶松林复合沉降土壤温湿度
Keywords:
soil respiration nitrogen deposition sulfur deposition Larix principis-rupprechtii plantation composite deposition soil temperature and moisture
分类号:
S718.516
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.11027
摘要:
为探讨氮硫沉降对华北暖温带森林土壤呼吸的影响规律以及与温度、湿度的关系,在落叶松人工林中开展了野外模拟氮硫沉降试验. 结果表明:在生长季,各氮硫水平样地月平均土壤呼吸有明显的季节变化特征,模拟氮硫复合沉降对华北落叶松林土壤呼吸产生显著影响(P < 0.05). 生长季内,氮沉降促进土壤呼吸速率,其中高氮与CK产生显著差异(P < 0.05). 土壤呼吸速率与硫沉降水平呈正相关关系(P < 0.05). 氮硫复合沉降促进了土壤呼吸速率,高氮高硫与CK土壤呼吸速率产生显著差异(P < 0.05),而中氮中硫水平抑制土壤呼吸速率,但未达到显著水平(P > 0.05). 中氮和中硫对土壤呼吸速率的影响大于二者的共同作用,产生拮抗作用,而高氮高硫产生协同作用. 各处理土壤呼吸速率与5 cm土壤温度呈极显著正相关关系. 土壤温湿度双因子模型预测土壤呼吸的准确性和稳定性高于单因子模型. 模拟氮硫沉降增加了土壤Q10值,而高氮高硫降低了土壤Q10值. 试验结果揭示了太岳山华北落叶松林土壤呼吸特征对氮硫复合沉降的响应,即除中氮中硫外,复合沉降不同程度地促进了土壤呼吸速率,其复杂的响应机制仍有待进一步研究. (图4 表4 参46)
Abstract:
This research aimed to determine the response of soil respiration to increased nitrogen and sulfur deposition in a Larix principis-rupprechtii plantation in Taiyue Mountain of Shanxi Province. The observation found that soil respiration was significantly promoted by nitrogen and sulfur deposition and varied with the season. The CO2 emission of soil increased with the concentration of nitrogen and sulfur. Deposition of nitrogen or sulfur alone and in combination significantly improved soil respiration. The soil respiration rate of HNHS had significant difference with CK (P < 0.05), while MNMS decreased the soil respiration rate without significant difference (P > 0.05). HN and HS had synergistic effect, while MN and MS had antagonism. There was a significant relationship between soil respiration and temperature (p < 0.05), while the relationship between soil respiration and soil moisture was not significant. The hybrid model with soil temperate and soil moisture appeared to have better precision and stability than the single factor model in predicting the soil respiration. Nitrogen and sulfur deposition could increase Q10, while HNHS decreased the Q10. Soil respiration is a complex process. Except for MNMS, the composite depositions promoted the soil respiration rate in different degrees. To reveal the mechanism of soil respiration responses, further long-term study is needed on soil physicochemical property, soil microorganism and components under different deposition levels.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2016-08-25