|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]孙莹,石锦安,邵小鹏,等.不同生境条件下光照强度对蓝花楹光合色素含量及开花的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2015,21(06):1150-1156.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.07036]
 SUN Ying,SHI Jinan,SHAO Xiaopeng,et al.Effects of light intensity on photosynthetic pigment content and flowering of Jacaranda mimosifolia D. Don in different habitats[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2015,21(06):1150-1156.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.07036]
点击复制

不同生境条件下光照强度对蓝花楹光合色素含量及开花的影响()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
21卷
期数:
2015年06期
页码:
1150-1156
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2015-12-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of light intensity on photosynthetic pigment content and flowering of Jacaranda mimosifolia D. Don in different habitats
作者:
孙莹 石锦安 邵小鹏 李帆 李青 高遐 钟秋 赵文舟
1四川农业大学风景园林学院 成都 611130 2比利时根特大学生物科学工程学院 根特 90003四川省遂宁市林业局 遂宁 629000
Author(s):
SUN Ying SHI Jin’an SHAO Xiaopeng LI Fan LI Qing GAO Xia ZHONG Qiu ZHAO Wenzhou
1Faculty of Landscape Architecture, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China2Department of Plant Production, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, University of Ghent, Ghent 9000, Belgium3Forestry Bureau of Suining City, Suining 629000, China
关键词:
蓝花楹生境光照强度光合色素含量开花
Keywords:
Jacaranda mimosifolia habitat light intensity photosynthetic pigment content flowering
分类号:
Q945.79 : S688.9
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.07036
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
探明同种植物在不同生境条件下的生长发育特性是实现高品质植物配置与造景的有效途径. 以四川省成都市温江区温江公园(W)、光华大道(G)、四川农业大学成都校区四教B区(B)及C区(C)4个试验点成年蓝花楹(Jacaranda mimosifolia D. Don)为研究试材,采用数字式照度计测量同一时段不同生境下以及不同时段不同生境下的光照强度,同时测定叶绿素a(Chl a)、叶绿素b(Chl b)和类胡萝卜素(Car)含量. 结果显示:在观测期内蓝花楹的叶绿素含量及组分因生境条件不同而各异,在各生境下Chl a约占总量的79%,与Chl总量的相关性达到极显著水平(R2 = 0.88,P < 0.001);Chl b约占总量的21%,与Chl总量的相关性也达到极显著水平(R2 = 0.81,P < 0.001),但不及Chl a. 在开花物候期内,各生境下光照强度对光合色素含量的影响也不一致,表现出光照强度显著高于B、C而树龄低于W的G,其Chl、Chl a、Chl b、Car含量皆显著低于C、B、W(P < 0.05). 在开花的物候表现上,经历萌芽、抽梢、展叶后约40 d,太阳辐射强度日均总量2 100 W/m2或在当日12:00-14:00辐射强度达到或大于470 W/m2并持续4 d以上的蓝花楹即可进入开花状态. 本研究表明,在蓝花楹开花物候期前后光照强度对其开花有显著影响,开花物候表现与光合色素含量及变化无关系.
Abstract:
This paper attempts to explore the effects of light intensity on the growth and development and flowering of Jacaranda mimosifolia D. Don, so as to provide some technical and theory support for landscape management in specific habitats. The test materials were 20–60 year old adult J. mimosifolia D. Don from 4 different habitats in Wenjiang of Chengdu, Sichuan Province, including Wenjiang Park (W), Guanghua Avenue (G), Sichuan Agricultural University region B (B) and region C (C). The solar radiation intensity was measured for different habitats in the same period, or for different habitats in different periods by using digital luxmeter (250 lx/(W m-2)). The experiment also determined the content of chlorophyll (Chl), chlorophyll a (Chl a), chlorophyll b (Chl b) and carotenoids (Car) during the flowering phenophase. The results showed that the content and composition of Chl was different depending on the habitats, among which Chl a accounted for 79% (R2 = 0.88, P < 0.001) and Chl b accounted for 21% (R2 = 0.81, P < 0.001). During the flowering phenophase, the J. mimosifolia in habitat G, though of similar age with those of the other three ones, had significantly lower content of Chl, Chl a, Chl b and Car (P < 0.05). Plants under 2 100 W/m2 daily or 470 W/m2 during 12:00-14:00 began spiking (an elongated flowering branch protruding through the base) in 4 days after sprouting and leafing. The results indicated that light intensity influences the flowering of J. mimosifolia D. Don in different habitats.

参考文献/References:

1 邢福武. 中国景观植物(下)[M]. 武汉: 华中科技大学出版社, 2009: 1247 [Xing FW. Landscape plants of China (Ⅱ) [M]. Wuhan: Huazhong University of Science and Technology Press, 2009: 1247]
2 石锦安. 蓝花楹年生长发育特性研究[D]. 成都: 四川农业大学, 2012 [Shi JA. Study on the characteristics of growth and development of Jacaranda mimosifolia [D]. Chengdu: Sichuan Agricultural University, 2012]
3 高庆玉, 蒋明凤, 张丙秀, 焦奎宝. 光照处理对树莓品种费尔杜德花芽分化的影响[J]. 东北农业大学学报, 2012, 43 (10): 69-72 [Gao QY, Jiang MF, Zhang BX, Jiao KB. Effect of light on flower bud differentiation of raspberry Fertod Zamatos [J]. J Northeast Agric Univ, 2012, 43 (10): 69-72]
4 沈伟其, 张国平, 桂文光. 光照对蔺草生长和草茎开花率的影响[J]. 应用生态学报, 2002, 13 (5): 577-580 [Shen WQ, Zhang GP, Gui WG. Effect of light on the growth and stem flowering rate of mat rush [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2002, 13 (5): 577-580]
5 王晓冬, 张华艳, 韩红娟. 光照强度对郁金香生长和开花的影响[J]. 北方园艺, 2010, 23 (23): 87-89 [Wang XD, Zhang HY, Han HJ. Effect of illumination intensities on growth and florescence of Tulipa gesneriana L. [J]. N Horticult, 2010, 23 (23): 87-89]
6 Wang YT. Phalaenopsis orchid light requirement during the induction of spiking [J]. Hort Science, 1995, 30 (1): 59-61
7 Seddigh M, Joliff GD. Light intensity effects on meadow foam growth and flowering [J]. Crop Sci, 1994, 34 (2): 497-503
8 Maas FM, Bakx EJ. Effects of light on growth and flowering of Rosa hybrida ‘Mercedes’ [J]. J Am Soc Horticult Sci, 1995, 120 (4): 571-576
9 郝再斌. 植物生理实验[M]. 哈尔滨: 哈尔滨工业大学出版社, 2004: 46-49 [Hao ZB. Plant physiology experiment [M]. Harbin: Harbin Institute of Technology Press, 2004: 46-49]
10 舒展, 张晓素, 陈娟, 陈根云, 许大全. 叶绿素测定含量的简化[J]. 植物生理学通讯, 2010, 46 (4): 399-402 [Shu Z, Zhang XS, Chen J, Chen GY, Xu DQ. The simplification of chlorophyll content measurement [J]. Plant Physiol Commun, 2010, 46 (4): 399-402]
11 王景红. 果树气象服务基础[M]. 北京: 气象出版社, 2010: 3-14 [Wang JH. Weather service of fruit [M]. Beijing: China Meteorological Press, 2010: 3-14]
12 包云轩. 气象学[M]. 2版. 北京: 中国农业出版社, 2007: 38 [Bao YX. Meteorology [M]. 2nd ed. Beijing: China Agricultural Press, 2007: 38]
13 张福墁. 设施园艺学[M]. 3版. 北京: 中国农业大学出版社, 2003: 129 [Zhang FM. Protected horticulture [M]. 3rd ed. Beijing: China Agricultural University Press, 2001: 129]
14 苏雪痕. 植物造景[M]. 北京: 中国林业出版社, 1998: 27-46 [Su XH. Plant Landscape [M]. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, 1998: 27-46]
15 匡双便, 徐祥增, 孟珍贵, 张广辉, 杨生超, 陈中坚, 魏富刚, 陈军文. 不同透光率对三七生长特征及根皂苷含量的影响[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2015, 21 (2): 279-286 [Kuang SB, Xu XZ, Meng ZG, Zhang GH, Yang SC, Chen ZJ, Wei FG, Chen JW. Effects of light transmittance on plant growth and root ginsenoside of Panax notoginseng [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2014, 21 (2): 279-286]
16 王忠. 植物生理学[M]. 4版. 北京: 中国农业出版社, 2002: 352 [Wang Z. Plant Physiology [M]. 4th ed. Beijing: China Agricultural Press, 2002: 352]
17 宫地重远. 现代植物生理学. 光合成[M]. 东京: 日本朝仓书店, 1992: 1-149 [Gong D. Modern Plant Physiology. Photosynthetic [M]. Tokyo: Asakura Publishing Co. Ltd, 1992: 1-149]
18 王文杰, 李文馨, 许慧男, 祖元刚, 王宇. 不同生境白屈菜生活史型特征及其与不同器官单宁、黄酮、生物碱含量的关系[J]. 生态学报, 2008, 28 (11): 5228-5237 [Wang WJ, Li WX, Xu HN, Zu YG, Wang Y. Characters of life cycle forms of Chelidonium majus populations indifferent habitats and their correlation to the contents of tannin, flavones and alkaloids in different organs [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2008, 28 (11): 5228-5237]
19 周海燕, 王金牛, 付秀琴, 向双, 王彦星, 高景, 吴彦. 不同光环境对中国南方草地3种灌木表型可塑性的影响[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2014, 20 (6): 962-970 [Zhou HY, Wang JN, Fu XQ, Xiang S, Wang YX, Gao J, Wu Y. Effects of light environments on the phenotypic plasticity of three shrubs in southern China grassland [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2014, 20 (6): 962-970]
20 Fromme P, Melkozernov A, Jordan P. Structure and function of photosystem I: interaction with its soluble electron carriers and external antenna systems [J]. FEBS Lett, 2003, 555 (1): 40-44
21 Stenbaek A, Jensen PE. Redox regulation of chlorophyll biosynthesis [J]. Phytochemistry, 2010, 71 (8): 853-859
22 Bell GE, Danneberger TK, McMahon MJ. Spectral irradiance available for turf grass growth in sun and shade [J]. Crop Sci, 2000, 40 (1): 189-195
23 Johnson GN, Scholes JD, Horton P, Young AJ. Relationships between carotenoid composition and growth habit in British plant species [J]. Plant Cell Environ, 1993, 16 (6): 681-686
24 Sui XL, Mao SL, Wang LH. Effect of low light on the characteristics of photosynthesis and chlorophyll a fluorescence during leaf development of sweet pepper [J]. J Integr Agric, 2012, 10 (10): 1633-1643
25 Nyitrai P, Sárvári ?, Keresztes ?, Láng F. Organization of thylakoid membranes in low light grown maize seedlings. Effect of lincomycin treatment [J]. Plant Physiol, 1994, 144 (3): 370-375
26 孙小玲, 许岳飞, 马鲁沂, 周禾. 植株叶片的光合色素构成对遮阴的响应[J]. 植物生态学报, 2010, 34 (8): 989-999 [Sun XL, Xu YF, Ma LL, Zhou H. A review of acclimation of photosynthetic pigment composition in plant leaves to shade environment [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2010, 34 (8): 989-999]
27 徐凯, 郭延平, 张上隆. 不同光质对草莓叶片光合作用和叶绿素荧光的影响[J]. 中国农业科学, 2005, 38 (2): 369-375 [Xu K, Guo YP, Zhang SL. Effect of light quality on photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence in strawberry leaves [J]. Sci Agric Sin, 2005, 38 (2): 369-375]
28 马小伟, 郑春芳, 刘伟成, 施孟如, 仇建标, 彭欣, 黄丽, 陈少波. 中国红树林最北缘引种区不同季节和树龄秋茄生理特征比较[J]. 科技通报, 2013, 29 (3): 58-64 [Ma XW, Zheng CF, Liu WC, Shi MR, Chou JB, Peng X, Huang L, Chen SB. Comparison of physiological characteristics of different aged transplanted Kandelia obovata trees in summer and winter in the northern transplanted area of China [J]. Bull Sci Technol, 2013, 29 (3): 58-64]
29 戚元春, 肖昆仑, 王小德, 钱小平, 丁水龙. 环西湖不同树龄古樟树生理特性及复壮对比[J]. 中国农学通报, 2012, 28 (25): 32-38 [Qi YC, Xiao KL, Wang XD, Qian XP, Ding LS. Physiological characteristics and rejuvenation comparison of ancient Cinnamomum camphora at different ages in the around west lake area of Hangzhou [J]. Chin Agric Sci Bull, 2012, 28 (25): 32-38]
30 何开跃, 谢寅峰, 艾畅. 陈天华. 矮牵牛开花过程中核酸和叶绿素含量的变化[J]. 南京林业大学学报(自然科学版), 2004, 28 (6): 95-97 [He KY, Xie YF, Ai C, Chen TH. Variation in contents of nucleic acid and chlorophyll during florescence process of Petunia hybrida [J]. J Nanjing For Univ (Nat Sci Ed), 2004, 28 (6): 95-97]
31 郑郁善, 高培军, 陈礼光, 吴擢溪. 绿竹开花生理生化特性研究[J]. 林业科学, 2003, 39 (3), 143-147 [Zheng YS, Gao PJ, Chen LG, Wu ZX. A study on the physiological and biochemical character of flowering for Dendroclamopsis oldhami [J]. Sci Silv Sin, 2003, 39 (3): 143-147]
32 陈松河. 厦门地区8年来竹子开花现象及其类型[J]. 江西农业学报, 2007, 19 (7): 74-75 [Chen SH. Study on flowering phenomenon and types of bamboo in Xiamen area in past eight years [J]. Acta Agric Jiangxi, 2007, 19 (7): 74-75]
33 周云龙. 植物生物学[M]. 北京: 高等教育出版社, 2003: 295-299 [Zhou YL. Plant biology [M]. Beijing: China Higher Education Press, 2003: 295-299]
34 曹婷婷, 罗时荣, 赵晓艳, 梁慧敏, 王宏波, 杨经国. 太阳直射光谱和天空光谱的测量与分析[J]. 物理学报, 2007, 56 (9): 5554-5557 [Cao TT, Luo SR, Zhao HM, Wang HB, Yang JG. Measurement and analysis of direct sunlight and skylight spectra [J]. Acta Phys Sin, 2007, 56 (9): 5554-5557]
35 顾建伟, 刘婧, 薛彦久, 臧新, 谢先芝. 光敏色素在水稻生长发育中的作用[J]. 中国水稻科学, 2011, 25 (2): 130-135 [Gu JW, Liu J, Xue YJ, Zhang X, Xie XZ. Phytochrome functions in rice development [J]. Chin J Rice Sci, 2011, 25 (2): 130-135]
36 Ishikawa R, Shinomura T, Takano M, Shimamoto K. Phytochrome dependent quantitative control of Hd3a transcription is the basis of the night break effect in rice flowering [J]. Genes Genet Syst, 2009, 84 (2): 179-184

相似文献/References:

[1]吴春梅,黎云祥,权秋梅,等.淫羊藿果实成熟与生境的关系[J].应用与环境生物学报,2008,14(02):187.
 WU Chunmei,et al..Relationship Between Fruit Maturity and Habitats of Epimedium brevicornum[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2008,14(06):187.
[2]王乾,朱单,吴宁,等.四川道孚县芒苞草生境的植物群落结构和土壤元素含量[J].应用与环境生物学报,2009,15(01):1.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00001]
 WANG Qian,ZHU Dan,WU Ning,et al.Plant Community Structure and Soil Element Content in Achanthoclamys bracteata Habitats in Daofu County, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2009,15(06):1.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00001]
[3]仝瑞建,刘雪琴,王发园,等.沙田柚根围AM真菌的生境适宜性和季节变化性[J].应用与环境生物学报,2011,17(05):684.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00684]
 TONG Ruijian,LIU Xueqin,WANG Fayuan,et al.Effects of Different Habitats and Seasons on Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Rhizosphere of Citrus grandis cv. Changshou Shatian You[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2011,17(06):684.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00684]
[4]井学辉,曹磊,郭仲军,等.阿尔泰山小东沟林区植被随地形分布规律[J].应用与环境生物学报,2015,21(03):533.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.10010]
 JING Xuehui,CAO Lei,GUO Zhongjun,et al.Distribution of vegetation types with topography in the Xiaodonggou forest region of Altai Mountains, northwest China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2015,21(06):533.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.10010]
[5]张潇月,鱼舜尧,李婷婷,等.金马河温江段河岸带不同生境下草本植物多样性和植物区系与土壤环境因子的关系[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(04):838.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.10017]
 ZHANG Xiaoyue,YU Shunyao,LI Tingting,et al.Relationship between species diversity, flora, and soil environmental factors of the herb community in different habitats in the Wenjiang Section of the Jinma River[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(06):838.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.10017]
[6]张晓龙,周继华,来利明,等.黑河下游绿洲-过渡带-戈壁荒漠群落优势种叶片性状和生态化学计量特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(06):1270.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.04013]
 ZHANG Xiaolong,ZHOU Jihua,et al.Leaf traits and ecological stoichiometry of dominant desert species across Gobi Desert–oasis ecotone in the lower reaches of Heihe River, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(06):1270.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.04013]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家农业科技成果转化项目(2011GB2F000016)和四川省科技创新苗子工程(2015032)资助 Supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology (2011GB2F000016), and the Sichuan Science and Technology Innovation Talent Project (2015032)
更新日期/Last Update: 2016-01-05