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[1]左强,何怀江,赵秀海.改变碳源输入对蛟河红松阔叶混交林土壤呼吸的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2015,21(06):1136-1142.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.04035]
 ZUO Qiang,HE Huaijiang,ZHAO Xiuhai.Influence of carbon input changes on the soil respiration in a mixed broadleaved-Korean pine forest in western foothill of Changbai Mountain[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2015,21(06):1136-1142.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.04035]
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改变碳源输入对蛟河红松阔叶混交林土壤呼吸的影响()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
21卷
期数:
2015年06期
页码:
1136-1142
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2015-12-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Influence of carbon input changes on the soil respiration in a mixed broadleaved-Korean pine forest in western foothill of Changbai Mountain
作者:
左强 何怀江 赵秀海
北京林业大学森林资源与生态系统过程北京市重点实验室 北京 100102
Author(s):
ZUO Qiang HE Huaijiang ZHAO Xiuhai
Key Laboratory for Forest Resources & Ecosystem Processes of Beijing, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100102, China
关键词:
土壤呼吸速率红松阔叶混交林凋落物根系土壤温度土壤湿度Q10值
Keywords:
soil respiration rate coniferous and board-leaved mixed forest litter root soil temperature soil moisture Q10 value
分类号:
S714.2
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.04035
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为了解改变碳源输入方式对土壤呼吸速率及土壤温湿度的影响,于2014年5-12月,在吉林省蛟河红松阔叶混交林地表无雪期间,利用LI-8100土壤CO2通量全自动测量系统测定不同处理(对照处理、去凋处理、加倍凋落物处理、切根处理及去凋切根处理)土壤呼吸速率及5 cm处温、湿度. 结果表明:不同处理之间5 cm深度土壤温度的差异性不显著(P > 0.05),土壤湿度差异显著(P < 0.05). 整个观测期间对照、去凋、加倍凋落物、切根和去凋切根处理的土壤呼吸速率平均值分别为3.35 ?mol m-2 s-1、3.54 ?mol m-2 s-1、4.22 ?mol m-2 s-1、2.11 ?mol m-2 s-1和2.45 ?mol m-2 s-1,不同处理土壤呼吸速率的变化幅度不相同. 去凋、加倍凋落物处理使土壤呼吸速率增加,整个观测期平均增加了1.98%和24.81%. 切根、去凋切根处理使土壤呼吸速率降低,整个观测期平均降低了36.49%和28.64%. 对照、去凋、加倍凋落物、切根及去凋切根处理的Q10值分别是3.32、3.35、3.38、2.59和3.13,切根处理显著低于其他处理. 不同处理的土壤呼吸速率与土壤温度之间均呈显著指数相关(P < 0.001),但与土壤湿度之间相关关系不显著(P > 0.05). 土壤温度和土壤湿度的双变量复合模型能够更好地解释土壤呼吸的季节变化,决定系数R2值为62%-95%. 本研究结果证明改变碳源输入是影响森林CO2通量的重要因子.
Abstract:
We evaluated the impact of the change of carbon input on soil respiration under the mixed broadleaved-Korean pine forest in Jiaohe, Jilin Province. Five treatments including a) a control, b) litter exclusion, c) litter addition, d) root exclusion, e) litter and root exclusion were applied to determine the contribution of carbon input to soil respiration. We measured soil respiration from May to December 2014 by using infrared gas exchange analyzer of Li-Cor 8100. The results showed that there was a similar seasonal respiration curve among different treatments. The annual mean soil respiration rate was 3.35 ?mol m-2 s-1 for the control, 3.54 ?mol m-2 s-1 for litter exclusion, 4.22 ?mol m-2 s-1 for litter addition, 2.11 ?mol m-2 s-1 for root exclusion and 2.45 ?mol m-2 s-1 for litter and root exclusion. The soil respiration rate with litter exclusion was 1.98% higher than the control, and that with litter addition was 24.81% higher than the control. On the other hand, the soil respiration rate with root exclusion was 36.49% lower than the control, and that with litter and root exclusion was 28.64% lower than the control. The Q10 value of the soil respiration was 3.32 in the control, 3.35 with litter exclusion, 3.38 with litter addition, 2.59 with root exclusion and 3.13 with litter and root exclusion. The soil respiration was significantly related to the soil temperature (P < 0.001) at 5 cm depth, but not to the soil moisture at 5 cm depth (P > 0.05). In order to predict both the soil moisture and soil temperature dependency 4 two-variable linear /non-linear models were developed and evaluated.By use of those models it was possible to predict the soil respiration as a function of both temperature and moisture. with R2 values ranging from 62%-95%. The results indicated that carbon input is an important factor affecting soil CO2 efflux in forests.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家“十二五”科技支撑项目(2012BAD22B0203,2012BAC01B03)资助 Supported by the Sci-tech Pillar Project of the Twelfth Five-year Plan of China (2012BAD22B0203, 2012BAC01B03)
更新日期/Last Update: 2016-01-05