|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]赵晓东,谢英荷,李廷亮,等.植物对污灌区土壤锌形态的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2015,21(03):477-482.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.11037]
 ZHAO Xiaodong,XIE Yinghe,LI Tingliang,et al.Effects of plants on forms of zinc in sewage irrigated soil[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2015,21(03):477-482.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.11037]
点击复制

植物对污灌区土壤锌形态的影响()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
21卷
期数:
2015年03期
页码:
477-482
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2015-06-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of plants on forms of zinc in sewage irrigated soil
作者:
赵晓东谢英荷李廷亮庞娇刘雯艳贺璟
山西农业大学资源环境学院 太谷 030801
Author(s):
ZHAO Xiaodong XIE Yinghe LI Tingliang PANG Jiao LIU Wenyan HE Jing
College of Resources and Environment, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu 030801, China
关键词:
污灌区土壤植物锌形态生物有效性
Keywords:
sewage irrigated soil plants forms of zinc bio-availability
分类号:
X131.3 : X173
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.11037
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
通过大田试验研究种植5种植物(玉米、向日葵、大豆、高粱、菊花)对污灌区土壤锌形态的影响. 结果表明,污灌区土壤中锌含量均未超过国家二级标准,且主要以残留态存在. 土壤中各形态锌与种植前相比,除可交换态锌呈增加趋势,其余各形态锌均呈下降趋势. 其中可交换态锌在向日葵土壤中增加最明显,达24.19%;碳酸盐结合态锌在玉米土壤中下降最明显,达47.68%;铁锰氧化物态锌和残留态锌在菊花土壤中下降最明显,分别达35.65%、27.46%;总锌和有机结合态锌在向日葵土壤中下降最明显,分别达15.68%、44.23%. 土壤中可交换态锌含量与植物籽粒中锌含量显著相关(P < 0.05),适于用作土壤锌污染的生物评价指标. 土壤中锌的生物活性系数与种植前相比,在玉米、高粱和菊花土壤中呈降低趋势,其中在玉米土壤中降低最明显,达31.43%,在大豆和向日葵土壤中呈增加趋势. 总之,向日葵籽粒中重金属锌含量超出食品中锌限量标准(GB13106-1991),不宜在污灌区种植;玉米、高粱、大豆等植物籽粒中重金属锌含量均未超出食品中锌限量卫生标准(GB13106-1991),可以在污灌农田长期种植.
Abstract:
A field experiment located in sewage irrigated areas in Qixian County, Shanxi Province was conducted to study the effects of different plants (corn, sorghum, soybeans, chrysanthemum and sunflower) on the form of zinc in sewage irrigated farmland soil. The study result showed that the contents of zinc in sewage irrigated soil did not exceed the national second-level standard, existing mainly in residual state. Compared with different forms of zinc in pre-planting period, all forms of zinc except the exchangeable zinc content showed a downward trend. Obvious changes include the rising rate of exchangeable zinc content in sunflower soil (24.19%), the decreasing rate of carbonate-bound zinc content in corn soil (47.68%), the decreasing rate of contents of Fe-Mn oxide bound zinc (35.65%), the residual state zinc (27.46%), the decreasing rate of soil total zinc (15.68%) and the organic matter fraction zinc in sunflower soil (44.23%). The content of exchangeable zinc in soil was significantly correlated with content of zinc in seeds of plants, which would be an effective biochemical evaluation index for the pollution degree of zinc in soil. Compared with the pre-planting period, the biological activity factor of zinc in corn, sorghum and chrysanthemum soil decreased, with a significant decreasing rate in corn soil of 31.43%; the biological activity factor of zinc increased in soybeans and sunflower soil compared with that of the pre-planting period. The content of zinc in seeds of sunflower exceeded the limit standard of zinc in food (GB13106-1991), therefore we do not suggest planting sunflowers in sewage irrigated farmland soil. The content of zinc in seeds of corn, sorghum and soybeans did not exceed the national limit standard, so they can be planted in sewage irrigated farmland soil. The research result will provide theoretical basis and technical support for efficient utilization of sewage irrigated soil.

参考文献/References:

1 段飞舟, 高吉喜, 何江, 张清新, 吴月红. 灌溉水质对污灌区土壤重金属含量的影响分析[J]. 农业环境科学学报, 2005, 24 (3): 450-455 [Duan FZ, Gao JX, He J, Zhang QX, Wu YH. Impact of irrigation water quality on heavy metals concentrations in surface soil of paddy field [J]. J Agro-Environ Sci, 2005, 24 (3): 450-455]
2 Allacea. Dose response curves for zinc, cadmium and nickel in combination of one, two or three [J]. Soil, 1989, 147: 401- 410
3 江行玉, 赵可夫. 植物重金属伤害及其抗性机理[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2001, 7 (1): 92-99 [Jiang XY, Zhao KF. Mechanism of heavy metal injury and resistance of plants [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2001, 7 (1): 92-99]
4 陈怀满. 土壤中化学物质的行为与环境质量[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 2002 [Chen HM. Behavior of chemicals in soil and environmental quality [M]. Beijing: Science Press, 2002]
5 Tessier A, Campbell PGC, Bisson M. Sequential extraction procedure for the speciation of particulate trace metals [J]. Anal Chem, 1979, 51 (7): 844-850
6 赵雅婷, 王殿武. 冬小麦种植条件下湖泊底泥农用土壤重金属锌的形态及其影响因素[J]. 水土保持学报, 2008, 22 (2): 70-74 [Zhao YT, Wang DW. Chemical forms of zinc in soil and its affecting factors by agriculture utilization of lake sediments and wheat planting [J]. J Soil Water Conserv, 2008, 22 (2): 70-74]
7 胡文, 王海燕, 查同刚, 王宇, 蒲俊文, 王玉红, 王晨. 北京市凉水河污灌区土壤重金属累积和形态分析[J]. 生态环境, 2008, 17 (4): 1491-1497 [Hu W, Wang HY, Cha TG, Wang Y, Pu JW, Wang YH, Wang C. Soil heavy metal accumulation and speciation in a sewage-irrigated area along the Liangshui River, Beijing [J]. Ecol Environ, 2008, 17 (4): 1491-1497]
8 徐卫红, 王宏信, 刘怀, 熊治庭, Singh B. Zn、Cd单一及复合污染对黑麦草根分泌物及根际Zn、Cd形态的影响[J]. 环境科学, 2007, 28 (9): 2089-2095 [Xu WH, Wang HX, Liu H, Xiong ZT, Singh B. Effects of individual and combined pollution of Cd and Zn on root exudates and rhizosphere Zn and Cd fractions in ryegrass ( Loliurn perenne L. ) [J]. Environ Sci, 2007, 28 (9): 2089-2095]
9 谢立祥, 常明庆, 王平, 李腾. 微波萃取土壤中重金属Cr的形态分析研究[J]. 环境科学与技术, 2010, 33 (12F): 90-93 [Xie LX, Chang MQ, Wang P, Li T. Microwave extraction of heavy metal Cr from soil for morphological analysis [J]. Environ Sci Technol, 2010, 33 (12F): 90-93]
10 崔妍, 丁永生, 公维民, 丁德文. 土壤中重金属化学形态与植物吸收的关系[J]. 大连海事大学学报, 2005, 31 (2): 59-63 [Cui Y, Ding YS, Gong WM, Ding DW. Study on the correlation between the chemical forms of the heavy metals in soil and the metal uptake by plant [J]. J Dalian Maritime Univ, 2005, 31 (2): 59-63]
11 陈牧霞, 地里拜尔·苏力坦, 杨潇, 王吉德. 新疆污灌区重金属含量及形态研究[J]. 干旱区资源与环境, 2007, 21 (1): 150-154 [Chen MX, D Sultan, Yang X, Wang JD. Research on concentration and chemical speciation of heavy metals in sewage irrigated soil of Xin Jiang [J]. J Arid Land Resour Environ, 2007, 21 (1): 150-154]
12 马祥爱, 秦俊梅, 冯两蕊. 长期污水灌溉条件下土壤重金属形态及生物活性的研究[J]. 中国农学通报, 2010, 26 (22): 318-322 [Ma XA, Qing JM, Feng LR. Chemical fractions and bioavailability of heavy metals in long-term sewage-irrigated soils [J]. Chin Agric Sci Bull, 2010, 26 (22): 318-322]
13 Salbu B, Krekling T, Oughton DH. Characterization of radioactive particles in the environment [J]. Analyst, 1998, 123: 843-849
14 陈有鑑, 陶澍, 邓宝山, 张学青, 黄艺. 不同作物根际环境对土壤重金属形态的影响[J]. 土壤学报, 2001, 38 (1): 55-59 [Chen YJ, Tao S, Deng BS, Zhang XQ, Huang Y. Effect of root system on metal fractionation in rhizosphere of contaminated soil [J]. Acta Pedol Sin, 2001, 38 (1): 55-59]
15 陈俊, 范文宏, 孙如梦, 张融. 新河污灌区土壤中重金属的形态分布和生物有效性研[J]. 环境科学学报, 2007, 27 (5): 831-837 [Chen J, Fan WH, Sun RM, Zhang R. Bioavailability and species distribution of heavy metals in sewage-irrigated soil from Xinhe [J]. Acta Sci Circumst, 2007, 27 (5): 831-837]
16 胡文. 土壤-植物系统中重金属的生物有效性及其影响因素的研究[D]. 北京: 北京林业大学, 2008: 6 [HU W. Heavy metal bio-availability and its affecting factors in soil-plant system [D]. Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2008: 6]
17 程红艳, 谢英荷, 贾红丽, 庞姣. 不同种植作物对污灌区土壤铜形态的影响[J]. 水土保持学报, 2012, 26 (1): 116-119 [Cheng HY, Xie YH, Jia HL, Pang J. Effect of different crops on speciation of sewage irrigated soil copper [J]. J Soil Water Conserv, 2012, 26 (1): 116-119]

相似文献/References:

[1]黄银晓,林舜华,孔令韶,等.内蒙阿拉善地区植物与土壤元素背景值特征及其相互关系[J].应用与环境生物学报,1996,2(04):329.
 Huang Yinxiao,Lin Shunhua,Kong Lingshao,et al.THE CHARACTERISTICS OF ELEMENT BACKGROUND VALUES OF PLANTS AND SOILS AND THEIR RELATIONSHIPS IN ALASHAN,INNER MONGOLIA[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,1996,2(03):329.
[2]李书粉,刘方,胡利宗,等.玉米性别决定基因TASSELSEED2及其同源基因的分子进化特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2014,20(02):198.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.00198]
 LI Shufen,LIU Fang,HU Lizong,et al.Molecular evolutionary characteristics of maize TASSELSEED2 and homologous genes in plant species[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2014,20(03):198.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.00198]
[3]刘炜婳,倪珊珊,林争春,等.植物miR408家族的进化与分子特性[J].应用与环境生物学报,2017,23(06):1042.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.06021]
 LIU Weihua,NI Shanshan,LIN Zhengchun,et al.Evolution and molecular characteristics of the miR408 family in plants[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2017,23(03):1042.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.06021]
[4]时欢,林玉玲,赖钟雄,等.CRISPR/Cas9介导的植物基因编辑技术研究进展[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(03):640.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.07019]
 SHI Huan,LIN Yuling,LAI Zhongxiong,et al.Research progress on CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing technique in plants[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(03):640.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.07019]
[5]柳检 罗立强**.植物对矿物的风化作用机制研究进展*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(06):1.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.02026]
 LIU Jian & LUO Liqiang**.Advances in research on the mechanisms of plant-driven mineral weathering**[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(03):1.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.02026]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
山西省回国留学人员科研项目(2010044)和山西省科技攻关项目(23110001208-1)资助 Supported by the Research Fund for Returned Overseas Students of Shanxi Province (2010044) and the Technical Difficulties Item in Shanxi Province (23110001208-1)
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-06-23