|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]贺维,张炜,胡庭兴,等.施肥对1年生桢楠幼苗生长及主要土壤肥力指标的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2015,21(01):129-138.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.07017]
 HE Wei,ZHANG Wei,HU Tingxing,et al.Effects of fertilization on growth of 1-year-old Phoebe zhennan S. Lee and soil fertility[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2015,21(01):129-138.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.07017]
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施肥对1年生桢楠幼苗生长及主要土壤肥力指标的影响()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
21卷
期数:
2015年01期
页码:
129-138
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2015-02-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of fertilization on growth of 1-year-old Phoebe zhennan S. Lee and soil fertility
作者:
贺维 张炜 胡庭兴 陈洪 王茜 罗杰
1四川农业大学林学院 雅安 625014 2四川省林业科学研究院 成都 610000
Author(s):
HE Wei ZHANG Wei HU Tingxing CHEN Hong WANG Qian LUO Jie
1College of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya’an 625014, China 2Institute of Forestry Science Research in Sichuan Province, Chengdu 610000, China
关键词:
施肥桢楠幼苗生长土壤肥力微生物生物量土壤酶
Keywords:
fertilization Phoebe zhennan S. Lee seedling growth soil fertility microbial biomass soil enzyme
分类号:
S718 : S147.5
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.07017
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
采用盆栽的方法,研究施用氮肥(NF)、复合肥(CF)、有机肥(OF)和混合肥(MF)对1年生桢楠(Phoebe zhennan S. Lee)幼苗期生长与土壤肥力的影响. 以年施氮量为标准,设置低(L,0.3 g/桶)、中(M,0.6 g/桶)、高(H,0.9 g/桶)3个施肥水平,于2013年5、7、9月份分3次将各肥料平均施入各栽植桶中,施肥1个月后测定土壤养分、微生物生物量碳、氮以及土壤酶活性指标,且最后一次同时测定桢楠苗高和地径生长量,初步探讨施肥影响桢楠生长的同时对土壤肥力的作用. 结果表明:(1)中氮水平的有机肥(MOF)对桢楠生长的促进效应最大,其生长量可以达到CK的2倍;且土壤肥力得到了明显的提高,这种优势可以持续到施肥后期(9-10月);(2)氮肥和复合肥对桢楠生长起到了微弱的促进作用,但不能有效提高甚至维持土壤肥力;(3)混合肥由于在氮肥的基础上配合施用有机肥,与氮肥相比不仅改善了土壤肥力状况,还显著促进了桢楠生长;(4)桢楠生长状况(苗高、地径生长量)均与土壤蔗糖酶活性、微生物生物量氮呈极显著正相关(P < 0.01),故这两个指标可以有效反映桢楠生长状况. 综合来看,中氮水平的有机肥是最佳施肥方案.
Abstract:
To explore the effects of fertilizer application on growth of Phoebe zhennan S. Lee as well as on soil fertility, a pot experiment was conducted to study the effects of application of nitrogen fertilizer (NF), compound fertilizer (CF), organic fertilizer (OF) and mixed fertilizer (MF) on growth of 1-year-old seedling of P. zhennan and soil fertility. Each fertilizer was applied at three levels based on the annual nitrogen application rate, namely, low (L, 0.3 g/pail), medium (M, 0.6 g/pail) and high (H, 0.9 g/pail), which was divided into three equal parts and applied into pail in the middle of May, July and September, respectively. The indicators of soil nutrients, microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen and enzyme activities were measured after a month of fertilization; the increment of height and ground diameter of the seedlings were measured in October, one month after the third application of fertilizer. The results showed that: 1) the promoting effect on the growth of P. zhennan was the most obvious under medium nitrogen level of organic fertilizer (MOF), with the increment up to twice that of CK. Soil fertility was also significantly improved and sustained to the late stage of fertilization (September to October); 2) NF and CF slightly promoted the growth of P. zhennan, but it could not improve or even maintain soil fertility; 3) due to the combined application of organic fertilizer based on NF, MF not only improved soil fertility, but also promoted the growth of P. zhennan significantly in comparison to NF; 4) the growth condition of P. zhennan (height and ground diameter increment) showed an extremely significant and positive correlation with soil sucrase activity and microbial biomass N, therefore these two indices can reflect growth condition effectively. On the whole, organic fertilizer with medium nitrogen level is the best fertilization choice for P. zhennan seedlings.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家“十二五”科技支撑计划项目(2011BAC09B05)和四川省“十二五”农作物育种攻关课题(2011NZ0098-10)资助 Supported by the Sci-tech Project of the Twelfth Five-year-plan of China (2011BAC09B05), and the Crop Breeding Research Project of the Twelfth Five-year-plan of Sichuan (2011NZ0098-10)
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-02-15