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[1]李敬伟,湛方栋,何永美,等. 云南会泽铅锌矿区土壤理化与生物学性质[J].应用与环境生物学报,2014,20(05):906-912.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.01047]
 LI Jingwei,ZHAN Fangdong,HE Yongmei,et al. Physicochemical and biological properties of soils from Huize lead-zinc mining area of Yunnan[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2014,20(05):906-912.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.01047]
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 云南会泽铅锌矿区土壤理化与生物学性质()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
20卷
期数:
2014年05期
页码:
906-912
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2014-10-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
 Physicochemical and biological properties of soils from Huize lead-zinc mining area of Yunnan
作者:
 李敬伟 湛方栋 何永美 郭先华 李明锐 祖艳群 李元
 云南农业大学资源与环境学院 昆明 650201
Author(s):
 LI Jingwei ZHAN Fangdong HE Yongmei GUO Xianhua LI Mingrui ZU Yanqun LI Yuan
 College of Resources and Environment, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming 650201, China
关键词:
 铅锌矿区重金属污染养分含量微生物数量土壤酶活性
Keywords:
 lead-zinc mining area heavy metals pollution nutrients content microorganism quantity soil enzyme activity
分类号:
X171.5 : S15
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.01047
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为评价云南会泽铅锌矿区不同区域土壤质量现状,通过野外采样与室内分析,调查了矿区矿渣堆(百年与近年)、废弃地(矿山采矿废弃地与冶炼厂周边废弃农田)、耕地(农田和菜园)的表层土壤,测定了土壤的理化与生物学性质. 结果表明:(1)镉和铅是矿区重金属污染的主要元素;内梅罗综合污染指数法表明,矿渣堆和废弃地为重金属重度污染,耕地为轻度污染. (2)矿区土壤微生物数量为耕地>百年矿渣堆>废弃地>近年矿渣堆,土壤养分含量为耕地>废弃地>矿渣堆,土壤酶活性为耕地>废弃地和矿渣堆. (3)土壤有机质、全氮、全磷、碱解氮和速效磷的含量与蔗糖酶、脲酶的活性呈显著或极显著正相关. 本研究表明铅锌矿区不同区域土壤的重金属污染、理化与生物学特性有明显差异. 图1 表8 参33
Abstract:
In this research, field sampling and laboratory analysis were carried out to assess the soil quality in different locations of a lead-zinc mining area in Huize County, Yunnan Province. The surface soils were sampled from three different locations of slagheaps (produced more than 100 years ago (100+ years) and in recent years), abandoned lands (mining wastelands and abandoned farmlands around a smelter) and farmlands (croplands and vegetable gardens) in the lead-zinc mining area. Their physicochemical and biological properties were analyzed. The results showed that: (1) Cd and Pb were the main elements of heavy metal pollution in the lead-zinc mining area. The Nemerow integrated index showed that heavy metal pollution was severe in slagheaps and abandoned lands, and slight in farmlands. (2) The order of soil microorganisms quantity was farmlands > slagheaps of 100+ years > abandoned lands > slagheaps produced in recent years. The order of soil nutrients content was farmlands > abandoned lands > slagheaps. The activity of soil enzymes was higher in farmlands than in abandoned lands and slagheaps. (3) There were significant or very significant positive correlations between the contents of organic matter, total N, total P, hydrolysable N and available P and the activities of sucrase and urease. These results indicated the obvious differences in heavy metal pollution, physicochemical and biological properties among different soils of the lead-zinc mining area.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
 国家自然科学基金项目(41101486,41461093和U1202236)资助 Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41101486, 41461093 and U1202236)
更新日期/Last Update: 2014-10-30