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[1]胡义,胡庭兴,胡红玲,等.干旱胁迫对香樟幼树生长及光合特性的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2014,20(04):672-685.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.12019]
 HU Yi,HU Tingxing,HU Hongling,et al.Effects of drought stress on growth and photosynthetic characteristics of Cinnamomum camphora saplings[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2014,20(04):672-685.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.12019]
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干旱胁迫对香樟幼树生长及光合特性的影响()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
20卷
期数:
2014年04期
页码:
672-685
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2014-08-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of drought stress on growth and photosynthetic characteristics of Cinnamomum camphora saplings
作者:
胡义 胡庭兴 胡红玲 陈洪 王彬 李晗
1四川农业大学林学院 雅安 625014 2四川农业大学生态林业研究所 成都 611130
Author(s):
HU Yi HU Tingxing HU Hongling CHEN Hong WANG Bin LI Han
1College of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya’an 625014, China 2Institute of Ecology & Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
关键词:
香樟幼树干旱胁迫光合特性水分生理形态生长
Keywords:
Cinnamomum camphora drought stress photosynthetic characteristics water physiology growth
分类号:
Q945.78
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.12019
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
通过盆栽和持续干旱研究了干旱胁迫(以2 d为一个处理间隔,持续干旱0-16 d)对香樟(Cinnamomum camphora)幼树生长及光合特性的影响. 结果显示:(1)干旱胁迫下香樟幼树的地径、树高生长量受到了抑制. 轻度、中度干旱处理(干旱时间2-8 d)叶片含水量和叶片相对含水量与对照差异均不显著,重度干旱处理(干旱时间>10 d)下显著低于对照(P < 0.01);(2)干旱胁迫影响了香樟叶片光合作用的日变化进程,妨碍了其有机物质积累;(3)干旱胁迫下香樟叶片光合色素总量先升高后降低,在干旱第8天达到最高. 所有干旱处理的净光合速率(Pn)、蒸腾速率(Tr)、气孔导度(Gs)均受到不同程度的抑制. 气孔因素和非气孔因素共同作用影响香樟幼树的光合作用,在干旱初期(干旱时间2-8 d)气孔因素起主导作用,干旱后期(干旱时间>10 d)非气孔因素起主导作用;(4)干旱胁迫下香樟幼树叶片的表观量子效率(AQY)、RuBP羧化速率(CE)、光补偿点(LCP)、光饱和点(LSP)及CO2补偿点(CCP)均显著降低,表明干旱会降低香樟幼树对环境中光照和CO2的利用及适应能力. 综上,干旱胁迫下香樟幼树的水分生理状况变差,光合能力及光合日变化进程受到影响,对环境中光照和CO2的利用及适应能力也明显降低,最终香樟幼树的形态生长受到抑制. 图3 表3 参35
Abstract:
Cinnamomum camphora is a broad-spectrum tree species wildly distributed in south China. However, the effects of drought stress on growth and photosynthesis of C. camphora are poorly understood. This paper aimed to study the response of young C. camphora trees to drought stress to provide theoretical reference for water management of C. camphora plantations. The experiment was conducted in greenhouse in Aug. 2013. Twenty-nine pots (27 cm in diameter and 25 cm in height) of C. camphora were treated with drought stress for continuously 0 d, 2 d … 16 d with a time interval of 2 d, respectively. After 16 d treatment, morphological traits of C. camphora saplings, diurnal variation of photosynthetic rate, light responses, CO2 responses, and some other biochemical parameters were determined. The results showed inhibited diameter increment (Zd) and height increment (Zh) under drought stress. Leaf water content (LWC) and leaf relative water content (LRWC) of the plants under mild and moderate drought (drought for 2-8 d) were not lower than those in the control, while those under severe drought (drought for more than 10 d) were significantly lower than those in the control (P < 0.01). Drought stress affected the diurnal variation of photosynthesis process of camphor leaves, resulting in inhibition of organic substances accumulation and decrease of height and diameter growth. The total amount of photosynthetic pigment increased first and then decreased under drought stress, peaking at 8 d. The net photosynthetic rate (Pn), transpiration rate (Tr), stomatal conductance (Gs) under all drought treatments were inhibited. The photosynthesis of C. camphora saplings was influenced by the combined action of stomatal and non-stomatal factors. At the beginning of drought (after 2-8 d drought), stomatal factors played a leading role, but during late drought (after 10 d drought) non-stomatal factors were more important ones. The apparent quantum yield (AQY), carboxylation rate of enzyme RuBP (CE), light compensation point (LCP), light saturation point (LSP) and CO2 compensation point (CCP) of C. camphora leaves significantly decreased under drought stress, indicating that drought could reduce the ability of light and CO2 utilization, and the acclimation of C. camphora saplings. The results suggested with drought stress, the water physiology of C. camphora saplings changed, their photosynthetic diurnal variation process impacted, and the adaptation ability to light and CO2 weakened, resulting in obvious inhibition on its growth and morphological traits.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
“十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2011BAC09B05)和“十二五”四川省农作物育种攻关项目(2011NZ0098-10)资助 Supported by the Key Sci-tech Project of the “Twelfth 5-year Plan” of China (2011BAC09B05), and the Crops Breeding Project of the “Twelfth 5-year Plan” of Sichuan Province (2011NZ0098-10)
更新日期/Last Update: 2014-08-26