|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]王萌,许新,陈章和.人工湿地土壤微生物生物量碳与污水净化效果的关系[J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(01):113-118.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00113]
 WANG Meng,XU Xin,CHEN Zhanghe.Relationship of Soil Microbial Biomass Carbon and Nutrient Removal Rates in Constructed Wetlands[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(01):113-118.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00113]
点击复制

人工湿地土壤微生物生物量碳与污水净化效果的关系()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
19卷
期数:
2013年01期
页码:
113-118
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2013-02-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Relationship of Soil Microbial Biomass Carbon and Nutrient Removal Rates in Constructed Wetlands
作者:
王萌许新陈章和
(1华南师范大学生命科学学院,广东省高等学校生态与环境科学重点实验室,广东省植物发育生物工程重点实验室 广州 510631)
(2广东省从化市畜牧兽医渔业局 从化 510900)
Author(s):
WANG MengXU XinCHEN Zhanghe
(1Key Laboratory of Ecology and Environmental Science in Guangdong Higher Education, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology for Plant Development, College of Life Sciences, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China)
(2Bureau of Animal Husbandry, Veterinary and Fisheries of Conghua, Conghua 510900, Guangdong, China)
关键词:
人工湿地微生物生物量碳污水净化相关性
Keywords:
constructed wetland microbial biomass carbon wastewater purification correlation
分类号:
X703
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00113
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
微生物在人工湿地污水净化过程中发挥着重要作用,微生物生物量碳是微生物的重要表征之一. 为探讨人工湿地土壤微生物量碳与污水净化效果的关系,以表面流人工湿地为研究对象,分别研究了不同植物人工湿地土壤微生物生物量碳和净化效果的时空变化及其相关性. 结果显示,4种植物湿地表层(0-5 cm)微生物生物量碳极显著高于深层(15-20 cm)的测量值(P<0.01). 人工湿地污染物去除效果与微生物生物量碳具有相同的季节变化规律,都呈单峰型的季节格局,夏秋季较高,冬春季较低. 微生物生物量碳与人工湿地COD、BOD5和TN的去除呈显著正相关(P<0.05). 水鬼蕉湿地具有较高的微生物生物量碳,而污染物去除率一般较低,这表明不同湿地微生物生物量碳与污染物去除率的相关性呈现不确定性.
Abstract:
Soil microorganisms are involved in all the biochemical processes which occur in soils, and they play a vital role in wastewater purification. Microbial biomass carbon is an important indicator of soil fertility, so we guess it is probably closely related to wastewater purification. For understanding whether relationship between nutrient removal rates and microbial biomass carbon existed, monoculture constructed wetlands of four plant species (Phragmites australis Trin. ex Steud., Hymenocallis littoralis (Jack.) Salisb., Canna indica Linn., Cyperus flabelliformis Rottb.) were built, and during a 2-month period, microbial biomass carbon and nutrient removal rates were measured. The results indicated that microbial biomass carbon in surface soil (0-5 cm) was significantly higher (P<0.01) than that in the deeper soil (15-20 cm). Both microbial biomass carbon and nutrient removal rates were higher during summer and autumn and lower during spring and winter. The removal rates of COD, BOD5 and total nitrogen were significantly correlated with microbial biomass carbon (P<0.05). In addition, microbial biomass carbon was generally higher while nutrient removal rates were generally lower in H. littoralis wetland than in the other wetlands, suggesting microbial biomass carbon may not be proposed as a sensitive indicator for evaluating nutrient removal in constructed wetlands. Fig 1, Tab 4, Ref 24

参考文献/References:

Miltner A, Kindler R, Luders T, Friedrich M, Kästner M. Fate of microbial biomass carbon in soil: microbial food webs and incorporation into soil organic matter [J]. Geophys Res Abstr, 2007, 9: 11-22
Jenkinson DS, Ladd JN. Microbial biomass in soil measurement and turnover [J]. Soil Biochem, 1981, 5: 415-471
Manjaiah KM, Voroney RP, Sen U. Soil organic carbon stocks, storage profile and microbial biomass under different crop management systems in a tropical agricultural ecosystem [J]. Biol Fertil Soils, 2000, 31 (4): 273-278
Liang W, Wu ZB, Cheng SP, Zhou QH, Hu HY. Roles of substrate microorganisms and urease activities in wastewater purification in a constructed wetland system [J]. Ecol Eng, 2003, 21 (2-3): 191-195
国家环境保护总局. 水和废水监测分析方法[M]. 4版. 北京: 中国环境科学出版社, 2002 [The Environment Bureau of the State of China. Methods for Water Analysis [M]. 4rd ed. Beijing: China Environment Science Press, 2002]
Witt C, Gaunt JL, Galicia CC, Ottow JCG, Neue HU. A rapid chloroform-fumigation extraction method for measuring soil microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen in flooded rice soils [J]. Biol Fertil Soils, 2000, 30 (5/6): 510-519
陈果, 刘岳燕, 姚槐应, 黄昌勇. 一种测定淹水土壤中微生物生物量碳的方法: 液氯熏蒸浸提—水浴法[J]. 土壤学报, 2006, 43 (6): 981-988 [Chen G, Liu YY, Yao HY, Huang CY. A method for measuring microbial biomass c in waterlogged soil: chloroform fumigation extraction-water bath method [J]. Acta Pedol Sin, 2006, 43 (6): 981-988]
吴金水, 林启美, 黄巧云, 肖和艾. 土壤微生物生物量测定方法及其应用[M]. 北京: 气象出版社, 2006 [Wu JS, Lin QM, Huang QY, Xiao HA. Measurement Method and Application of Soil Microbial Biomass [M]. Beijing: China Meteorological Press, 2006]
Tanner CC, Sukias JPS, Upsdell MP. Organic matter accumulation during maturation of gravel-bed constructed wetlands treating farm dairy wastewaters [J]. Water Res, 1998, 32 (10): 3046-3054
Corre MD, Schnabel RR, Stout WL. Spatial and seasonal variation of gross nitrogen transformations and microbial biomass in a northeastern US grassland [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 2002, 34 (4): 445-457
王青璐, 彭明春, 赵安娜, 黄丽, 刘韬, 梁国军, 刘路明. 人工湿地中影响微生物空间分布因素的探讨[J]. 环境科学导刊, 2009, 28 (2): 1-3 [Wang QL, Peng MC, Zhao AN, Huang L, Liu T, Liang GJ, Liu LM. Study on influencing factors of microorganism’s spatial distribution in artificial wetland [J]. Environ Sci Surv, 2009, 28 (2): 1-3]
赵建刚, 陈章和. 单种和多种群落湿地对污水的净化效果和植物生长生物量研究[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2006, 12 (2): 203-206 [Zhao JG, Chen ZH. Effect of mono-species and poly-species constructed wetlands on wastewater purification and plant growth [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2006, 12 (2): 203-206]
Guo XL, Lu XG, Tong SZ, Dai GH. Influence of environment and substrate quality on the decomposition of wetland plant root in the Sanjiang Plain, Northeast China [J]. J Environ Sci, 2008, 20 (12): 1445-1452
Piao HC, Hong YT, Yuan ZY. Seasonal changes of microbial biomass carbon related to climatic factors in soils from karst areas of southwest China [J]. Biol Fertil Soils, 2000, 30 (4): 294-297
Ghani A, Dexter M, Perrott KW. Hot water extractable carbon in soils: A sensitive measurement for determining impacts of fertilization, grazing and cultivation [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 2003, 35 (9): 1231-1243
Barbhuiya AR, Arunachalam A, Pandey HN, Arunachalam K, Khan ML, Nath PC. Dynamics of soil microbial biomass C, N and P in disturbed and undisturbed stands of a tropical wet evergreen forest [J]. Eur J Soil Biol, 2004, 40 (3/4): 113-121
李云玲, 谢英荷, 洪坚平. 生物菌肥在不同水分条件下对土壤微生物生物量碳、氮的影响[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2004, 10 (6): 790-793 [Li YL, Xie YH, Hong JP. Effect of bacterial manure on soil microbial biomass C and N under different moisture conditions [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2004, 10 (6): 790-793]
陈文音, 陈章和, 何其凡, 汪晓燕, 王才荣, 陈达丰, 赖增隆. 两种不同根系类型湿地植物的根系生长[J]. 生态学报, 2007, 27 (2): 450-458 [Chen WY, Chen ZH, He QF, Wang XY, Wang CR, Chen DF, Lai ZL. Root growth of wetland plants with different root types [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2007, 27 (2): 450-458]
Tanner CC. Plants for constructed wetland systems-a comparison of the growth and nutrient uptake of eight emergent species [J]. Ecol Eng, 1996, 7 (1): 59-83
Tao W, Hall KJ, Duff SJB. Microbial biomass and heterotrophic production of surface flow mesocosm wetlands treating woodwaste leachate: responses to hydraulic and organic loading and relations with mass reduction [J]. Ecol Eng, 2007, 31 (2): 132-139
Sirivedhin T, Gray KA. Factors affecting denitrification rates in experimental wetlands: field and laboratory studies [J]. Ecol Eng, 2006, 26 (2): 167-181
Blume E, Bischoff M, Reichert JM, Moorman T, Konopka A, Turco RF. Surface and subsurface microbial biomass, community structure and metabolic activity as a function of soil depth and season [J]. Appl Soil Ecol, 2002, 20 (3): 171-181
付融冰, 朱宜平, 杨海真, 顾国维. 修复富营养化水体的潜流湿地中微生物生物量特征[J]. 环境科学, 2008, 29 (10): 2754-2759 [Fu RB, Zhu YP, Yang HZ, Gu GW. Characteristics of microbial biomass in subsurface constructed wetland treating eutrophic water [J]. Chin J Environ Sci, 2008, 29 (10): 2754-2759]
Reddy KR, Connor GAO, Gale PM. Phosphorus sorption capacities of wetland soils and stream sediments impacted by dairy effluent [J]. J Environ Qual, 1998, 27 (2): 438-447

相似文献/References:

[1]庞学勇,包维楷,吴宁.森林生态系统土壤可溶性有机质(碳)影响因素研究进展[J].应用与环境生物学报,2009,15(03):390.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00390]
 PANG Xueyong,BAO Weikai,WU Ning.Influence Factors of Soil Dissoluble Organic Matter (Carbon) in Forest Ecosystems: A Review[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2009,15(01):390.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00390]
[2]王萌,王玉彬,陈章和.芦苇的种质资源及在人工湿地中的应用[J].应用与环境生物学报,2010,16(04):590.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00590]
 WANG Meng,WANG Yubin,CHEN Zhanghe.Germplasm Resource of Phragmites adans and Its Application in Constructed Wetlands[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2010,16(01):590.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00590]
[3]韦菊阳,陈章和.梭鱼草和芦苇人工湿地对重金属和营养的去除率比较[J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(01):179.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00179]
 WEI Juyang,CHEN Zhanghe.Removal of Heavy Metal Elements and Nutrients by Pontederia cordata and Phragmites australis Constructed Wetlands[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(01):179.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00179]
[4]吴文卫,刘 昂 谷照虎 徐慧妮 赵 磊 陈宣钦 陈丽梅 李昆志**.采用PCR-DGGE技术研究处理农田退水组合人工湿地微生物群落特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(06):978.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.07031]
 WU Wenwei,LIU Ang,et al.A PCR-DGGE study of bacteria community diversity in the constructed wetland treated with agricultural return flow[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(01):978.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.07031]
[5]高宇,章龙珍,张婷婷,等.点篮子鱼对人工湿地的水生态系统工程师效应[J].应用与环境生物学报,2017,23(04):734.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.09039]
 GAO Yu,ZHANG Longzhen,ZHANG Tingting,et al.Antibiotic and disinfectant resistance of Escherichia coli isolated from a chicken farm[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2017,23(01):734.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.09039]
[6]李芊芊,罗柳青,陈洋芳,等.高盐污水处理人工湿地中耐盐植物的筛选[J].应用与环境生物学报,2017,23(05):873.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.10044]
 LI Qianqian,LUO Liuqing,CHEN Yangfang & WANG Wenqing,et al.Selection of salt-tolerant plants for high-salinity wastewater treatment by constructed wetlands[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2017,23(01):873.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.10044]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家自然科学基金项目(30470346)和广东省自然科学基金项目(06025056)资助 Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 30470346) and the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong, China (No. 06025056)
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-02-26