|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]李冬琴,徐雨,冉江洪,等.人工林赤腹松鼠危害的空间分布格局[J].应用与环境生物学报,2011,17(03):407-411.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00407]
 LI Dongqin,XU Yu,RAN Jianghong,et al.Spatial Distribution Pattern of the Damaged Trees by Red-bellied Squirrels in Planted Forest[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2011,17(03):407-411.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00407]
点击复制

人工林赤腹松鼠危害的空间分布格局()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
17卷
期数:
2011年03期
页码:
407-411
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2011-06-24

文章信息/Info

Title:
Spatial Distribution Pattern of the Damaged Trees by Red-bellied Squirrels in Planted Forest
作者:
李冬琴徐雨冉江洪汤开成
(1四川大学生命科学学院 成都 610064)
(2四川省洪雅县林场 眉山 620364)
Author(s):
LI Dongqin XU Yu RAN Jianghong TANG Kaicheng
(1College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China)
(2Forestry Centre of Hongya County, Meishan, 620364, Sichuan, China)
关键词:
赤腹松鼠人工林危害空间格局
Keywords:
red-bellied squirrels planted forest damage spatial distribution pattern
分类号:
Q959.8370.8 : S764.5
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00407
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
2009年8月和12月,采用样方调查法,对四川省洪雅县柳杉(Crypotomeria fortunei)和杉木(Cunninghami lanceolata)人工混交林的赤腹松鼠(Callosciurus erythraeus)危害进行了调查和分析. 共调查了142个10 m × 10 m的样方,采用坐标记录法,记录样方内每株林木的坐标值、树种、胸径、冠幅、株下草本盖度、树冠交叠度、是否邻近林窗及其它非生物生境因子(小路、公路、溪水、悬崖)、受害(2 mo以内,以痕迹开始发黑区分)程度共9个参数,共收集
3 560株林木数据. 分别采用方差均值法和最近邻体法对受害株在研究区和样方尺度上的空间格局进行分析,并在样方尺度上探究植株受害程度与生境因子的关系. 结果显示,在研究区尺度上赤腹松鼠危害呈聚集分布,在样方尺度上则以随机分布为主. 植株受害程度与其株下草本盖度呈正相关(P = 0.007),与树冠交叠度也呈现出正相关(P = 0.029),而与其它因子没有显著性的相关性(P > 0.05). 因此认为赤腹松鼠对人工林林木的危害在研究区尺度上是与其生活环境需求相关的,如食物资源、隐蔽条件等;在对林木株的危害选择上则是随机的,但林木株受害的程度与其株下的草本盖度和树冠的交叠度呈现出显著的正相关关系. 图2 表5 参30
Abstract:
The damage on Crypotomeria fortunei and Cunninghamai lanceolata planted forest by red-bellied squirrels (Callosciurus erythraeus) in Hongya County, Sichuan, China, was investigated in August and December 2009. 142 quadrats of 10 m × 10 m were selected and 3 560 trees were measured. The coordinate recording method was adopted to record the damage level (the damage happened within 2 months), together with its coordinate, tree species, DBH (Diameter at breast height), canopy diameter, percentage of grass cover, percentage of canopies overlapped, whether it was near to forest gap and abiotic habitat factors (whether it was near to road, stream and cliff, etc.). The variance-average method and the nearest neighbor analysis (NNA) were used to analyze the spatial distribution patterns of the damage at the study-site scale and the quadrat scale, respectively, and optimal scaling model was especially used to analyze the relationship between the damage levels and the related habitat factors. The results showed that the spatial distribution pattern of the damage was aggregated at the study-site scale, while mainly random at the quadrat scale. The damage level was positively correlated with the percentage of grass cover (P = 0.007) and the percentage of canopies overlapped (P = 0.029), while not significantly correlated with the other factors (P>0.05). The results suggested that the damage by red-bellied squirrels at the study-site scale was correlated with their living needs in the environment, such as food resources and shelters, etc. The damage at the quadrat scale, however, showed a random distribution pattern, but the damage level was positively correlated with the percentage of grass cover and the percentage of canopies overlapped. Fig 2, Tab 5, Ref 30

参考文献/References:

1 Tang MC (唐蒙昌), Cao GC (曹广成), Zhao TB (赵天飙). 内蒙古主要森林鼠害分布及危害程度的研究. Inner Mongolia For Sci & Technol (内蒙古林业科技), 2003, 3: 40~43
2 Wang WH (王庆海), Wu YQ (吴有庆), Xing MX (邢铭香), Fu S (付爽), Li ZG (李志刚). 黑龙江省东部山区森林鼠害发生环境因子的研究.防护林科技. Prot For Sci & Technol (防护林科技), 2005, 3: 65~66
3 Huan BH (黄保宏), Liu AJ (刘安军). Nearest neighbor analysis on the distribution of Didesmococcus koreanus in plum orchard. J Anhui Tech Teachers Coll (安徽技术师范学院学报), 2004, 18 (6): 45~47
4 Yang HX (杨洪晓), Zhang JT (张金屯), Wu B (吴波), Li XS (李晓松), Zhang YY (张友炎). Point pattern analysis of Artemisia ordosica population in the Mu Us Sandy Land. J Plant Ecol (植物生态学报), 2006, 30 (4): 563~570
5 Ran JH (冉江洪), Liu SY (刘少英). Investigation on rodent pests of artificial forest in Sichuan Province. Sichuan J Zool (四川动物), 1999, 18 (1): 33~34
6 Li SS (李树深), Wang YX (王应祥). A new subspecies in Callosciurus erythraeus (Rodentia, Sciuridae). Zool Res (动物学研究), 1981, 2 (1): 71~78
7 Xu HF (徐宏发), Sheng HL (盛和林). A preliminary study on energy metabolism and nutrition requirement of red-bellied tree squirrel (Collosciurus erythraeus). Acta Theriol Sin (兽类学报), 1992, 12 (2): 126~131
8 Cai HX (蔡红霞). Population ecology of Callosciueus erythraeus and its danmage to arificial forests at Hongya Forestry Farm: [Degree Dissertation]. Chengdu, China: Sichuan University (成都: 四川大学), 2002. 1~28
9 Xu W (徐玮), Ran JH (冉江洪), Zhang JP (张家平), Yuan YF (袁亚夫), Liu SY (刘少英), Zeng ZY (曾宗永). A new method for estimating population size of Callosciueus erythraeus. Chin J Appl Environ Biol (应用与环境生物学报), 2005, 11 (3): 342~345
10 Dong L (董岚), Ji M (纪岷), Xu W (徐玮), Jiang YZ (蒋永智), Sun GZ (孙国忠), Ran JH (冉江洪). Relation of damage and reproduction of red-bellied squirrels in plantation. Sichuan J Zool (四川动物), 2009, 28 (2): 197~201
11 Yin SJ (尹三军), Wen ZX (温知新), Ran JH (冉江洪), Tang KC (汤开成). Damage of Collosciurus erythraeus in planted forests. Sichuan J Zool (四川动物), 2010, 29 (3): 376~381
12 Wanng BS (王伯荪), Yu SX (余世孝), Peng SL (彭少麟). 植物群落学实验手册. Guangzhou, China: Guangdong High Education Press (广州: 广东高等教育出版社), 1996. 100~102
13 Wang BS (王伯荪), Li MG (李鸣光), Peng SL (彭少麟). 植物种群学. Guangzhou, China: Guangdong High Education Press (广州: 广东高等教育出版社), 1995, 92~105
14 Zhang F (张峰), Shangguan TL (上官铁梁). Population patterns of dominant species in Elaeagnus mollis communities, Shanxi. Acta Phytoecol Sin (植物生态学报), 2000, 24 (5): 590~594
15 Liang SC (粱士楚). A preliminary study on the structure and dynamics of Pubescent hornbeam population in karst mountain of Guiyang. Acta Phgtoecol et Grebot Sin (植物生态学与地植物学学报), 1992, 16 (2): 108~117
16 Zhang WY (张炜银), Li MG (李鸣光), Liang SC(粱士楚), Wang BS (王伯荪), Zan QJ (昝启杰), Wang YJ (王勇军). Study on distribution pattern of Mikania micrantha populations. Guihaia (广西植物), 2003, 23 (4): 303~306
17 Wang M (王敏). Study on an invasive plant species redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus) in Taiyuan: [Degree Dissertation]. Taiyuan, China: Shanxi University (太原: 山西大学), 2008. 11~16
18 Wang BY (王本洋), Yu SX (余世孝). Multi-scale analysis of population distribution patterns. Acta Phytoecol Sin (植物生态学报), 2005, 29 (2): 235~241
19 Clark PJ, Evans FC. Distance to nearest neighbour as a measure of spatial relationships in populations. Ecology, 1954, 35: 445~453
20 Kint V, Lust N, Ferris R, Olsthoorn AFM. Quantification of forest stand structure applied to Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) forests. In: Mason B ed. Silviculture and Biodiversity of Scots Pine Forests in Europe. Proceeding of the Final Meeting of a Concerted Action, June 1999, Valsain, Spain, 2000, 1: 147~164
21 Lu WD (卢纹岱). Statistic Analysis of SPSS for Windows. 3th ed. Beijing, China: Publishing House of Electronics Industry (北京: 电子工业出版社), 2006. 359~363
22 Adler GH. Habitat selection and species interactions: An experimental analysis with small mammal population. Oikos, 1985, 45: 380~390
23 Ferreira SM, Van Aarde RJ. Changes in community characteristics of small mammals in rehabilitating coastal dune forests in northern KwaZulu/ Natal. Afr J Ecol, 1996, 34: 113~130
24 Tews J, Brose U, Grimm V, Tielbörger K, Wichmann MC, Schwager M, Jeltsch F. Animal species diversity driven by habitat heterogeneity/ diversity: The importance of keystone structures. J Biogeog, 2004, 31: 79~92
25 Morris DW. Optimally foraging deer mice in prairie mosaics: A test of habitat theory and absence of landscape effects. Oikos, 1997, 80: 31~42
26 Batzli GO, Lesieutre C. Community organization of arvicoline rodents in northern Alaska. Oikos, 1995, 72: 88~98
27 Ecke F, LÊ gren O, SÊ rlin D. Population dynamics of small mammals in relation to forest age and structural habitat factors in northern Sweden. J Appl Ecol, 2002, 39: 781~792
28 Men XY (门兴元), Guo XG (郭宪国), Dong WG (董文鸽), Qian TJ (钱体军). Population dynamics of Dremomys pernyi and Callosciurus erythraeus in the protective and non-protective pine forests at different ages. Zool Res (动物学研究), 2006, 27 (1): 29~33
29 Guo BZ (郭宝章). 台湾松鼠之生物学特性及其危害与控制. 农委会林业特刊, 1990 (33): 3~4
30 Anna LS, Julian E. Damage caused by the American grey squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) to agricultural crops, poplar plantations and semi-natural woodland in Piedmont, Italy. Forestry, 2007, 80 (1): 89~98

相似文献/References:

[1]卢昌泰,李云,肖玖金,等.四川盆周西缘山地3种人工林土壤动物群落特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(04):618.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00618]
 LU Changtai,LI Yun,XIAO Jiujin,et al.Characteristics of Soil Fauna Community of Three Plantations in the Western Sichuan Basin Border of China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(03):618.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00618]
[2]聂富育,杨万勤,杨开军,等.四川盆地西缘4种人工林土壤团聚体及有机碳特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2017,23(03):542.[doi:2016.07003]
 NIE Fuyu,YANG Wanqing,YANG Kaijun,et al.Soil aggregates and organic carbon in four plantations on the western edge of the Sichuan Basin[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2017,23(03):542.[doi:2016.07003]
[3]陈文静,祁凯斌,黄俊胜,等.川西次生灌丛和不同类型人工林对土壤养分的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2017,23(06):1081.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.01013]
 CHEN Wenjing,QI Kaibin,et al.Effect of shrubland and reforestation with different tree species on soil nutrients in western Sichuan Province[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2017,23(03):1081.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.01013]
[4]家伟,聂富育,杨万勤,等.四川盆地西缘4种人工林土壤团聚体碳氮磷生态化学计量学特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(01):112.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.03049]
 JIA Wei,NIE Fuyu,YANG Wanqin,et al.Ecological stoichiometry of soil carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus within soil aggregates of four plantations in the western edge of Sichuan Basin[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(03):112.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.03049]
[5]葛露露,孟庆权,林宇,等.滨海沙地不同树种人工林的碳储量及其分配格局[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(04):723.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.10016]
 GE Lulu,MENG Qingquan,LIN Yu,et al.Carbon storage and its allocation to different plantations in a coastal sandy area[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(03):723.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.10016]
[6]何如梦,王百田,于显威,等.晋西黄土区油松林的生长释放与生长抑制[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(06):1204.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.03002]
 HE Rumeng,et al..Growth release and growth inhibition of Pinus tabulaeformis forest in the Loess Plateau of western Shanxi Province, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(03):1204.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.03002]
[7]林玉,聂富育,杨万勤,等.四川盆地西缘4种人工林土壤氮转化酶的季节动态[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(03):634.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.201809013]
 LIN Yu,NIE Fuyu,YANG Wanqin,et al.Seasonal dynamics of soil nitrogen transformation enzymes at four plantations in the western edge of Sichuan basin[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(03):634.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.201809013]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家科技部“973”项目(No. 2007CB109106)资助
更新日期/Last Update: 2011-06-23