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 ZHENH Hui,QI Shihua,WANG Zhiyong,et al.Effects of Shrimp Aquaculture on the Quality of Upland Pond Soil Indicated by Microbial FAME and Enzyme Activity[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2011,17(01):69-72.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00069]





Effects of Shrimp Aquaculture on the Quality of Upland Pond Soil Indicated by Microbial FAME and Enzyme Activity
(1华中农业大学农业微生物学国家重点实验室,微生物农药国家工程研究中心 武汉 430070)
(2中国地质大学(武汉)环境学院 武汉 430074)
ZHENH Hui QI Shihua WANG Zhiyong LIU Huafeng JIANG Xuefei YU Ziniu & ZHENG Shixue
(1State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, National Engineering Research Center of Microbe Pesticides,
Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China)
(2School of Environmental Studies, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China)
upland pond FAME analysis soil enzyme soil microbe soil quality Hainan Island
S154 : S955.7
为评价高位池养虾对土壤质量的影响,通过脂肪酸分析和土壤酶活测定比较海南岛白马井镇高位池土壤与原始土壤微生物群落结构与活性的变化. 结果显示,高位池土壤的pH值和盐分含量显著升高,有机质和总N显著下降(P<0.05). 脂肪酸分析表明,高位池土壤中细菌、真菌、放线菌和微生物总量都显著下降(P<0.05),尤其真菌急剧下降(P<0.05),放线菌未检测到. 土壤脱氢酶、脲酶和酸性磷酸酶活性在高位池土壤中也显著下降(P<0.05). 总之,微生物群落结构显著变化,微生物生物量和活性在高位池土壤中都显著下降,表明长期的高位池养虾导致了土壤质量的下降. 图2 表4 参29
With the rapid expanding of shrimp aquaculture, upland ponds have been built extensively along the sea coast in southern China. In order to evaluate the influence of shrimp aquaculture on soil quality, soil samples were collected from a typical site, Baimajing of the Hainan Island. Analyses of fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) and soil enzyme activities were done to monitor and compare the changes in soil microbial community compositions and activities. The pH and salinity of upland pond soil were significantly higher than control, but organic matter and total N showed adverse pattern (P<0.05). The fatty acid of bacteria, fungi and actinobacteria declined significantly in upland pond soil, even the fungi decreased sharply (P<0.05) and actinobacteria could not be detected. The three enzymatic activities (dehydrogenase, urease, and acid phosphatase) also decreased significantly (P<0.05). These results showed that the soil would be degraded after long-term shrimp aquaculture.
Fig 2, Tab 4, Ref 29


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国家转基因生物新品种培育科技重大专项课题(No. 2009ZX08009-120B)和华中农业大学科技基金(No. 52204-07028)
更新日期/Last Update: 2011-02-28