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[1]范隆庆,董岚,张顺林,等.凉山山系大熊猫栖息地的景观格局[J].应用与环境生物学报,2010,16(02):179-184.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00179]
 FAN Longqing,DONG Lan,ZHANG Shunlin,et al.Landscape Pattern of Giant Panda Habitat in the Liangshan Mountains, Sichuan, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2010,16(02):179-184.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00179]
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凉山山系大熊猫栖息地的景观格局()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
16卷
期数:
2010年02期
页码:
179-184
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2010-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Landscape Pattern of Giant Panda Habitat in the Liangshan Mountains, Sichuan, China
文章编号:
200903060
作者:
范隆庆董岚张顺林冉江洪岳碧松
(四川大学生命科学学院 成都 610064)
Author(s):
FAN LongqingDONG LanZHANG ShunlinRAN JianghongYUE Bisong
(College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China)
关键词:
大熊猫栖息地景观格局生境评价凉山山系
Keywords:
giant panda habitat landscape pattern habitat assessment Liangshan Mountains
分类号:
Q959.838.08 : Q16
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00179
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
栖息地景观格局在很大程度上影响着种群的结构和分布. 利用“3S”技术和景观结构分析软件FRAGSTATS,以凉山山系大熊猫及其栖息地的野外调查资料和ETM影像为数据源对大熊猫栖息地的景观格局进行了分析. 结果表明,凉山山系有大熊猫栖息地面积为356 798.4 hm2,占研究区面积的29%;因栖息地受各种长短期人类活动的影响而使其适合大熊猫栖息的面积为177 157 hm2,占栖息地总面积的49.65%;大熊猫主要栖息的寒温性针叶阔叶混交林面积最大,斑块连接性最好,平均斑块面积最大为 75.67 hm2,构成景观基质;相比之下,温性落叶阔叶灌丛、竹林景观破碎严重,平均斑块分维数仅为1.02和1.03;虽然强烈的人类活动使栖息地景观丰富度高,不同景观类型离散分布且形状平整,但山系景观整体趋于完整,破碎化不严重. 如果不能有效控制人类活动和现有公路的运行,凉山山系大熊猫栖息地就会被分割成5块,大熊猫灭绝的风险就会加大,因此亟需加强该区域的保护管理力度. 图3 表7 参18
Abstract:
Landscape pattern of habitat affects the structure and distribution of wildlife populations to a great extent. Supported by the ‘3S’ technology and FRAGSTATS software, the characteristics of the landscape pattern of the giant panda habitat in the Liangshan Mountains, Sichuan, China were studied using field survey data and ETM images. The results show that the habitat area of the giant panda there was used to be 356 798 hm2, occupying 29% of the study area. Due to human activities, the current area of the habitat suitable for giant panda is only 177 157 hm2, accounting for 49.65% of the total habitat area. One of giant panda’s main habitats is the temperate coniferous and broad-leaf mixed forest that covers the largest area in the region and where there are the highest connection between one patch and another. It possesses the largest average patch area of 75.67 hm2 among 14 landscape types and becomes the landscape base of the giant panda habitat. Comparatively, the temperate deciduous broad-leaved bush and bamboo forest are very fragmented as their PRAC_MN are 1.02 and 1.03, respectively. Although the landscape diversity is rich and different types of landscapes are discrete at distance, and their shapes are regular, the whole landscape tends to be integrity and is not very fragmented. But if the human activities, such as road construction, logging, bamboo collection and grazing, could not be controlled in the region, the giant panda habitat would be separated into five pieces, which would threaten the survival of giant panda there. Therefore, it is absolutely necessary and urgent to strengthen the management and protection of the giant panda habitat in this region. Fig 3, Tab 7, Ref 18

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世界自然基金会资助 Supported by WWF
更新日期/Last Update: 2010-04-20