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[1]张钦弟,张金屯,苏日古嘎,等.庞泉沟自然保护区华北落叶松种群生命表与谱分析[J].应用与环境生物学报,2010,16(01):1-6.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00001]
 ZHANG Qindi,ZHANG Jintun,Suriguga,et al.The Population Life Table and Spectral Analysis of Larix principis-rupprechtii in Pangquangou Nature Reserve[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2010,16(01):1-6.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00001]
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庞泉沟自然保护区华北落叶松种群生命表与谱分析()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
16卷
期数:
2010年01期
页码:
1-6
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2010-02-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Population Life Table and Spectral Analysis of Larix principis-rupprechtii in Pangquangou Nature Reserve
作者:
张钦弟张金屯苏日古嘎张斌程佳佳
北京师范大学生命科学学院 北京 100875
Author(s):
ZHANG Qindi ZHANG Jintun Suriguga ZHANG Bin CHENG Jiajia
College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
关键词:
华北落叶松种群生命表谱分析种群动态庞泉沟自然保护区
Keywords:
Larix principis-rupprechtii population life table spectral analysis population dynamics Pangquangou Nature Reserve
分类号:
S791.220.2
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00001
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
以种群生命表及生存分析理论为基础,将林木依胸径大小分级,以林木径级结构代表年龄结构,采用分段匀滑技术,编制庞泉沟自然保护区华北落叶松种群特定时间生命表,绘制死亡率曲线、消失率曲线、存活曲线、生存函数曲线,分析种群数量特征;同时结合谱分析方法,分析华北落叶松种群数量的动态变化. 结果表明:(1)华北落叶松种群年龄结构表现为稳定型,但林下幼苗、幼树相对较少. (2)华北落叶松种群死亡率和消失率曲线变化趋势基本一致, 均出现两个高峰, 一个出现在第11、12龄级阶段,另一个出现在第15龄级阶段;存活曲线趋于Deevey-Ⅱ型. (3)4个生存函数曲线表明,华北落叶松种群具有前期稳定、中后期锐减和末期衰退的特点. (4)种群动态的谱分析显示,华北落叶松种群动态除受基波影响外,还存在着明显的小周期波动,在第7龄级这一小周期波动与华北落叶松的高生长有关;在15龄级这一小周期波动与华北落叶松进入生理衰退期有关. 图5 表3 参28
Abstract:
The static life table of Larix principis-rupprechtii populations in the Pangquangou Nature Reserve was compiled based on the population life table and theory of survival analysis using the age class structure represented by DBH class and smoothing out technique. The survival rate curve, the mortality rate curve, vanishing rate curve and survival function curve were determined, and population dynamics were analyzed by spectral analysis. The results showed: (1) There were abundant matured, but few young individuals, while the age structure of L. principis-rupprechtii populations was stable; (2) Two peaks of mortality rate and vanishing rate existed in the lifespan: One in the 11- and 12th age class periods and the other in the 15th, and the survival curve of the populations was Deevey type Ⅱ; (3) Four survival functional curves showed that the L. principis-rupprechtii populations grew stably at young stage, decreased very quickly at mature stage and declined at old stage. (4) The natural regeneration process of the L. principis-rupprechtii populations could be represented by the fluctuation of the distribution of the number of trees in different age classes. Spectral analysis of the populations showed that there was a marked periodic fluctuation in the process of natural regeneration. Moreover, minor periodic changes could also be found in 7th and 15th age classes. Fig 5, Tab 3, Ref 28

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家自然科学基金项目(No. 30870399)资助
更新日期/Last Update: 2010-02-09