|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]杨锦,冯红,万民远,等.短小芽孢杆菌碱性蛋白酶基因的分子定向进化[J].应用与环境生物学报,2010,16(01):96-99.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00096]
 YANG Jin,FENG Hong,WAN Mingyuan,et al.Molecular Evolution of Alkaline Protease Gene of Bacillus pumilus[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2010,16(01):96-99.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00096]
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短小芽孢杆菌碱性蛋白酶基因的分子定向进化()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
16卷
期数:
2010年01期
页码:
96-99
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2010-02-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Molecular Evolution of Alkaline Protease Gene of Bacillus pumilus
作者:
杨锦冯红万民远焦惠科张晓露张义正
(四川大学生命科学学院四川省分子生物学及生物技术重点实验室 成都 610064)
Author(s):
YANG Jin FENG Hong WAN Mingyuan JIAO Huike ZHANG Xiaolu ZHANG Yizheng
(Sichuan Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology & Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China)
关键词:
碱性蛋白酶短小芽孢杆菌定向进化易错PCR序列分析基因表达
Keywords:
alkaline protease Bacillus subtilis directed evolution prone-PCR sequence analysis gene expression
分类号:
Q939.106 : X172
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00096
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
碱性蛋白酶(DHAP)属于丝氨酸蛋白酶家族(S8A),是由275个氨基酸残基组成的单链多肽,没有二硫键,以Asp32、His64、Ser221作为活性中心. 采用易错PCR方法,对短小芽孢杆菌碱性蛋白酶基因(GenBank登录号:AY458140)进行随机突变. 在大肠杆菌中建立随机突变文库,然后转化枯草芽孢杆菌WB600,构建枯草芽孢杆菌突变文库,筛选出酶活性提高或最适反应温度和pH值有所降低的突变体. 通过3轮的随机突变和筛选,获得2个阳性突变体pP43AP-M166和pP43AP-M375. 其中pP43AP-M166在不同的温度和pH条件下,与出发菌株相比,酶活都有不同程度提高,特别是当反应温度为50 ℃、pH 为10时,突变蛋白酶酶活性提高1.23倍,表现出很好的热稳定性. 测序结果表明,该突变体含有一个氨基酸置换,位于碱性蛋白酶催化三联体活性中心His64旁,与其只有一个氨基酸残基相隔. 图4 表3 参21
Abstract:
De-hair alkaline protease (DHAP), belonging to serine protease family (S8A), is composed of 275 amino acid residues with Asp32, His64 and Ser221 as activity centers, and has no disulfide bond. Random mutation of DHAP gene (NCBI No: AY458140) from Bacillus pumilus was carried out with modified prone-error PCR. A random mutation library was constructed in Escherichia coli DH5α and then in B. subtilis WB600. The capacity of the random mutation library is 4×105. After three sequential error-prone PCR followed by screening, pP43AP-M166, the expected mutant with improved properties was obtained. Compared with the wild type, pP43AP-M166 has improved its activity and stability under different pH and temperatures. Moreover, its activity was determined, and it was 1.23 fold higher than that of wild type under optimal reaction temperature at 50 ℃ and pH 10, while it showed excellent thermal stability. The gene sequence analysis indicated that the mutant enzyme had F62C. The position of mutant AA has only one AA separated from His64, which is the most significant composition of catalytic activity center. Fig 4, Tab 3, Ref 21

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家高技术研究发展计划(No. 2006AA02Z221)资助
更新日期/Last Update: 2010-02-09