|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]尹瑞龄,许月蓉,顾希贤.解磷接种物对垃圾堆肥中难溶性磷酸盐的转化及在农业上的应用[J].应用与环境生物学报,1995,1(04):371-378.
 Yin Ruiling,Xu Yuerong,Gu Xixian.EFFECT OF PHOSPHATE-DISSOLVING INOCULANT (PDI) ON TRANSFORMATION OF INSOLUBLE PHOSPHATE IN REFUSE COMPOST AND ITS APPLICATION IN AGRICULTURE[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,1995,1(04):371-378.
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解磷接种物对垃圾堆肥中难溶性磷酸盐的转化及在农业上的应用()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
1卷
期数:
1995年04期
页码:
371-378
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
1995-11-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
EFFECT OF PHOSPHATE-DISSOLVING INOCULANT (PDI) ON TRANSFORMATION OF INSOLUBLE PHOSPHATE IN REFUSE COMPOST AND ITS APPLICATION IN AGRICULTURE
作者:
尹瑞龄 许月蓉 顾希贤
中国科学院南京土壤研究所, 南京 210008
Author(s):
Yin Ruiling Xu Yuerong Gu Xixian
Nanjing Institute of Soil Science, Academia Sinica, Nanjing 210008
关键词:
垃圾堆肥解磷接种物解磷强度
Keywords:
refuse compostphosphate-dissolving inoculantphosphate-dissolving intensity
摘要:
为了提高城市垃圾堆肥的速效磷含量,对供试的7种垃圾堆肥的解磷强度及解磷微生物进行了分析,并以分离富集的解磷微生物制成解磷菌剂进行了青菜盆栽及大田小区对比试验。结果表明:供试垃圾的解磷强度一般为11700~16100mg/kg;每g垃圾堆肥含3.5~8.6亿个解磷微生物。出现的解磷能力强的微生物有芽孢杆菌属(Bacillus spp.)、假单胞菌属(Pseudomonas spp.)、节杆菌属(Arthrobacter spp.)、黄杆菌属(Flavobacterium spp.)、产碱菌属(Alcaligenes spp.)和赛氏杆菌属(Serratia spp.)等。它们可分别使昆阳磷矿粉和/或摩洛哥磷矿粉释放28400~46600mg/kg和29100~36900mg/kg可溶性磷,利用解磷接种物可使垃圾堆肥提高23~25mg/kg速效磷,在往堆肥中添加植物物质和磷矿粉的情况下效果更好。将拌有解磷菌剂的垃圾堆肥在红壤荒地上施用,对青菜有良好的增产效果。
Abstract:
In order to increase the content of available P in refuse composts, P dissolving intensity and microbes were analyzed from 7 kinds of tested refuse composts,and the isolated and enriched P dissolving microbes were used to produce P dissolving inoculant which was applied to potted Chinese cabbage and in fields. The results indicated that P dissolving intensity of the refuse composts usually was 11700~16100 mg/kg and the composts contain 350~860 millions P dissolving microbes per gram.The microbes able to dissolve P include: Bacillus spp.,Pseudomonas spp.. Arthrobacter spp., Alcaligenes spp. and Serritia spp.They would release 28100~46600 mg/kg and 29100~36900 mg/kg of available P from Kunyang and/or Morocco rock phosphate, respectively. By using PDI in compost. the available P in composts would be increased by 23~25 mg/kg. especially when the composts were mixed with plant materials and reek phosphate. It would effectively increase the production of Chinese cabbage by 9.5% and 90.8% to apply the composts with the P dissolving inoculant to the waste land of ted soil.

参考文献/References:

[1] Tate K R. The biological transformation of P in soil. Plnel mul Soil 1984.76:245~256
[2] Gresves S R,Anderson G.Webley D M. A rapid method of determining the phytase activity of soil micro-organisms.Nature.1963.200:1231~1232
[3] Kobtu J. The distribution of micro-organisms mobilising phosphorus in different soils. Acta Mictobiologica Pologica.1962.11:225~264
[4] 中国科学院南京土壤研究所微生物室编著.土壤微生物研究法.北京:科学出版社.1985
[5] 尹瑞龄.我国旱地土壤的溶磷微生物.土壤.1988,20(5),243~246
[6] Hergey’ s Manual of Determinative Aacteriology. 8 ed. Naltimore:The Williams & Wikins Co.. 1974

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:1995-3-2;接受日期:1995-5-30。
基金项目:“八五”国家科技攻关项目。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01