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[1]胡慧,包维楷,张强,等.土壤石砾含量变化对根系及植物生长的影响研究进展[综述][J].应用与环境生物学报,2021,27(02):303-308.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2021.01015]
 HU Hui,BAO Weikai,et al.Effect of rock fragment content on roots and plant growth: a review[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2021,27(02):303-308.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2021.01015]
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土壤石砾含量变化对根系及植物生长的影响研究进展[综述]()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
27卷
期数:
2021年02期
页码:
303-308
栏目:
国家重点研发计划项目之西南干旱河谷专题
出版日期:
2021-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of rock fragment content on roots and plant growth: a review
作者:
胡慧包维楷张强李芳兰
1中国科学院成都生物研究所,中国科学院山地生态恢复与生物资源利用重点实验室,生态恢复与生物多样性保育四川省重点实验室 成都 610041 2大熊猫国家公园阿坝管理分局 阿坝 623200 3中国科学院大学 北京 100049
Author(s):
HU Hui1 3 BAO Weikai1 ZHANG Qiang2 & LI Fanglan1?
1 CAS Key Laboratory of Mountain Ecological Restoration and Bioresource Utilization & Ecological Restoration and Biodiversity Conservation Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China 2 Aba Management Substation of National Panda Park, Aba 623200, China 3 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
关键词:
土石比土壤结构根系构建生理机能生物量
Keywords:
soil gravel ratio soil texture root construction plant physiology biomass
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2021.01015
摘要:
石砾与细土的相互作用决定着土壤骨架结构,并对土壤和植物性能产生重要影响. 综述石砾含量对植物及根系生长的影响,并探索含石土、植物根系及植物生长之间的因果关系,为含石土-植物互作关系的深入研究提供理论框架. 石砾含量通过改变土壤理化性质,进而影响根系及植物的生长和生理机能. 石砾的存在有利于孔隙及裂缝形成,缝隙使根系向土层更深处延伸,这对土层贫瘠地区的植物株高及生物量增长有益. 在干旱地区,土壤有效含水量随石砾增加而减少,植物的生长发育受到抑制. 对于大多数生态系统,适度的石砾含量能提升植物的光合能力,促进植物株高生长及生物量积累,过高的石砾导致土壤资源缺乏使植物生长受限. 植物对石砾含量变化的响应是有种特异性的,即不同物种的响应不同. 由于土壤-石砾-植物体系的复杂性,植物受石砾含量影响的过程及机理仍缺乏认知;因此,以石砾含量为核心的土壤结构变化对植物的影响及反馈对比研究,将是生态系统过程与功能研究领域的重要内容之一. (图2 参73)
Abstract:
The content of rock fragments in soil affects soil physicochemical properties and, therefore, plant traits. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge regarding rock fragment contents and their effects on plant growth, and also explore how rock fragment content affects root traits and how these changes explain whole-plant level functioning. Rock fragments embedded in the soil favor the formation of holes and cracks, allowing roots to grow deep into soil, which could increase plant height and biomass in shallow soil areas. However, soil available water capacity, plant physiology, and plant growth are inhibited by increased rock fragment content in arid areas. In general, there might be an optimal correlation between rock fragment content and plant photosynthesis and growth, rather than simple linear responses. The results of the published literature reviewed were inconsistent regarding the impact of rock fragment content on plants, indicating that the effects of rock fragment content on plant characteristics might be species-specific. This review concludes with a discussion of perspectives on areas of research that can improve our understanding of the effects of rock fragments on soil characteristics and plant growth, providing insights and viewpoints regarding possible research trends and requirements.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2021-04-25