|本期目录/Table of Contents|

 ZHANG Haodi,SUN Xiaoqian,et al.Effects of environmental noise on communication behavior of frogs and their adaptive strategies[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2021,27(04):1085-1091.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2020.10020]





Effects of environmental noise on communication behavior of frogs and their adaptive strategies
1中国科学院成都生物研究所 成都 610041 2中国科学院大学 北京 100049
ZHANG Haodi1 2 SUN Xiaoqian1 2 ZHU Bicheng1? & CUI Jianguo1?
1 Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China 2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
noise acoustic communication multimodal communication adaptive strategy frog
声音通讯是蛙类最主要的通讯方式;但在环境噪声等压力的驱动下,一些蛙类进化出了视觉、化学和多模等通讯方式. 噪声在影响信号产生、传递以及接收和处理的同时,也促进了蛙类性信号的复杂性进化. 综述了噪声对蛙类通讯行为的影响以及蛙类的适应策略. (1)噪声对蛙类通讯行为的影响:噪声不仅会遮蔽声音信号,阻碍个体对特定信号的追踪与识别,还会造成交叉感官干扰,影响大脑处理视觉信息和多模信息;(2)蛙类应对噪声干扰的适应策略:蛙类通过调整空间位置,确保鸣声与噪声在空间上分离;通过调整时域、频域和振幅等鸣声特征,获得较高信噪比;通过听觉系统的敏感频率与鸣声频率相匹配,过滤大部分环境噪声;通过多种感官通道传递信息. 建议今后加强以下研究:(1)噪声对蛙类视觉和多模信号的影响;(2)在更多物种、更多模态中进一步验证非模补整效应;(3)多种环境污染源对动物通讯行为影响的多模态效应. (图4 参85)
Acoustic communication is the most important form of communication for frogs. Visual, chemical and multimodal communications have evolved in some anurans, owing to pressures such as environmental noise. Noise affects the production, transmission, and perception of signals and fosters the evolution of signal complexity in frogs. We reviewed the effects of environmental noise on the communication behavior of frogs and their adaptive strategies. (1) The effects of noise on frog communication: masking sound signals and hindering individual identification and recognition of specific signals. It also causes cross-sensory interference, which alters the brain’s processing of visual and multimodal information. (2) Adaptation strategies of frogs to noise masking: adjusting the position to ensure that calls and noise are separated spatially; modifying the time domain, frequency domain, and amplitude to achieve a higher signal-to-noise rate; filtering out most of the noise by matching the spectral structure of vocalizations and hearing sensitivity; and transmitting information through multiple sensory channels. Finally, we propose three directions for future research: (1) effects of noise on the visual and multimodal signals of frogs; (2) further verification of amodal completion in additional species and modalities; and (3) multimodal effects of multiple pollution sources on animal communication.


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更新日期/Last Update: 2021-08-25