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[1]秦倩倩,刘艳红.重度火烧干扰下的森林土壤功能[J].应用与环境生物学报,2021,27(02):503-512.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2020.02009]
 QIN Qianqian & LIU Yanhong.Forest soil function after severe fire disturbance[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2021,27(02):503-512.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2020.02009]
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重度火烧干扰下的森林土壤功能()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
27卷
期数:
2021年02期
页码:
503-512
栏目:
综述
出版日期:
2021-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Forest soil function after severe fire disturbance
作者:
秦倩倩刘艳红
1北京林业大学生态与自然保护学院 北京 100083 2北京林业大学森林资源生态系统过程北京市重点实验室 北京 100083
Author(s):
QIN Qianqian1 & LIU Yanhong2?
1 School of Ecology and Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China 2 Beijing Key Laboratory of Forest Resources and Ecosystem Process, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
关键词:
森林重度火烧土壤功能自然恢复演变规律
Keywords:
forest severe fire soil function natural restoration regulation rule
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2020.02009
摘要:
随着全球气候变暖,森林火灾发生频率显著增加,火烧作为森林结构和功能变化的主要驱动因子之一,其燃烧过程在短期或长期尺度上影响森林土壤功能和生物地球化学循环. 本文从重度火烧引起的温度效应与森林土壤功能的关系着手,就重度火烧干扰对森林土壤功能(水源涵养、缓冲过滤、养分循环、碳存储和生物栖息)的影响和自然恢复森林土壤功能的演变规律及恢复时限进行了综述和讨论. 重度火烧造成大量的森林植被和凋落物损失,直接导致土壤温度升高、有机质减少和酸碱性增强,致使土壤酶变性和土壤微生物死亡,并通过氧化、挥发、灰分颗粒对流和淋溶等途径改变了森林土壤的养分浓度,而林地微环境的变化间接影响了土壤功能的演变规律和生态恢复. 鉴于不同火烧类型和恢复年限对不同地区、不同类型以及不同层次森林土壤影响的复杂性,未来需要对重度火烧干扰后自然恢复的森林土壤功能进行长期定位且系统地研究,明确土壤各功能间相互作用及土壤功能恢复的机制;此外,土壤斥水性、微量元素和活性有机碳等对重度火烧干扰的响应以及重度火烧与微生物多样性对土壤多功能性的级联效应亦亟待进一步研究. (图3 参142)
Abstract:
With global warming, the frequency of forest fires has increased considerably. As one of the main driving factors in forest structural and functional changes, fire exerts short-term and long-term effects on soil function and biogeochemical cycles through the combustion process. Based on the relationship between severe fire-induced temperature changes and forest soil function, the influence of severe fire disturbance on forest soil functions (i.e., water conservation, buffering and filtration, nutrient cycling, carbon storage, and biological habitats), and the regulation and restoration of soil function over the course of natural restoration of forests was reviewed and discussed. Severe fire can cause substantial loss of forest vegetation and litter, directly leading to an increase in soil temperature, a decrease in organic matter, and an increase in acidity and alkalinity, resulting in soil enzyme denaturation and microorganism death, and changes in the nutrient concentration of forest soil through oxidation, volatilization, ash particle convection, leaching, etc. At the same time, the regulation of soil function and ecological restoration were indirectly influenced by changes in the microenvironment. In view of the complexity of the impact of different fire types and restoration years on different areas, types, and horizons of forest soil, it is necessary to systematically study soil function after severe fire disturbance over the course of natural restoration of forests to clarify the interaction between soil sub-functions and the mechanisms of soil function recovery. In addition, the response of soil water repellency, trace elements, and labile organic carbon to severe fire disturbance and the cascading effects of severe fire and microbial diversity on the multiple functions of soil should be the focus of future research.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2021-04-25