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[1]张萌,冯毅,伍小刚,等.成都龙泉山城市森林公园典型森林群落马陆分布特征及影响因素[J].应用与环境生物学报,2020,26(05):1200-1206.[doi: 10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.10043]
 ZHANG Meng,Feng Yi,et al.Distribution of millipede (Diplopoda) and its influencing factors in the soils of typical forest ecosystems in Chengdu Longquan Mountain Urban Forest Park[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2020,26(05):1200-1206.[doi: 10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.10043]
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成都龙泉山城市森林公园典型森林群落马陆分布特征及影响因素()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
26卷
期数:
2020年05期
页码:
1200-1206
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2020-10-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Distribution of millipede (Diplopoda) and its influencing factors in the soils of typical forest ecosystems in Chengdu Longquan Mountain Urban Forest Park
作者:
张萌冯毅伍小刚张兴华虞超周泓杨唐天文张凤英张林孙晓铭潘开文
1中国科学院成都生物研究所,中国科学院山地生态恢复与生物资源利用重点实验室,生态恢复与生物多样性保育四川省重点实验室 成都 610041 2中国科学院大学 北京 100049 3成都龙泉山城市森林公园管委会 成都 610000 4成都市农林科学院 成都 611130
Author(s):
ZHANG Meng1 2 Feng Yi3 4 WU Xiaogang1 ZHANG Xinghua3 YU Chao3 ZHOU Hongyang1 2 TANG Tianwen1 2 ZHANG Fengying1 2 ZHANG Lin1 SUN Xiaoming1 & PAN Kaiwen1?
1 Key Laboratory of Mountain Ecological Restoration and Bioresource Utilization & Ecological Restoration Biodiversity Conservation Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China 2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049,China 3 Management Committee of Chengdu Longquanshan Urban Forest Park, Chengdu 610000, China 4 Chengdu Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, Chengdu 611130, China
关键词:
马陆生物多样性生物量环境因子龙泉山城市森林公园
Keywords:
Millipede biodiversity biomass environmental factor Longquan Mountain Urban Forest Park
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.10043
摘要:
马陆是陆地生态系统主要的腐食性大型节肢动物,是土壤生态系统重要的分解者,但我国对森林土壤马陆多样性的研究鲜见报道. 采用样方法,对成都龙泉山城市森林公园典型植物群落(天然常绿阔叶林、人工常绿阔叶林和人工针阔叶混交林)马陆多样性、密度和生物量进行调查,分析马陆密度与土壤化学性质间的关系. 共发现马陆2目4科7种,其中浙山蛩(Spirobolus walkeri)是优势种. 马陆个体数和物种数在天然常绿阔叶林、人工常绿阔叶林和人工针阔叶混交林中依次递减. 马陆具有明显的表聚现象,集中分布在0-5 cm土层. 天然常绿阔叶林马陆密度和多样性大于人工常绿阔叶林和人工针阔叶混交林. 人工针阔叶混交林马陆平均体长显著大于天然和人工常绿阔叶林,马陆生物量在人工常绿阔叶林中最高. 幂函数模型能较好地模拟山蛩科体长-体重的回归关系. 土壤含水量、总磷含量、C/N和C/P是影响龙泉山城市森林公园马陆分布的主要因素,马陆密度与土壤含水量、总磷含量呈显著线性正相关,与土壤C/N、C/P呈显著线性负相关. 本研究表明龙泉山城市森林公园马陆分布与森林类型、土壤含水率、总磷含量等环境因子密切相关. (图3 表4 参39)
Abstract:
The millipede (Diplopoda) is an important large soil arthropod in terrestrial ecosystems and plays a vital role in the degradation of organic matter. However, there has been limited investigations of millipede biodiversity in China’s forest ecosystems. The species, density, and biomass of millipedes were studied using a quadrat survey in natural evergreen broad-leaved forest, artificial evergreen broad-leaved forest, and coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forests in Longquan Mountain Urban Forest Park, Chengdu. The relationship between the millipede densities and soil factors were analyzed using correlation analysis. Regression models were used to stimulate the relationship between biomass and body length of the Spirobolidae family of millipedes. Results indicated that seven species belong to two orders and four subfamilies. Spirobolus walkeri was the dominant species. The number of individuals and species was the highest in the natural evergreen broad-leaved forest, followed by artificial evergreen broad-leaved forest. The millipedes were mainly distributed in the surface soil, and their abundance decreased with soil depth. The diversity and density of millipedes in the natural evergreen broad-leaved forest were higher than those in the artificial evergreen broad-leaved forest and the coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest. The average length of the millipedes in the artificial coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest was significantly greater than that of the natural and artificial evergreen broad-leaved forest. The millipede biomass was the highest in the artificial evergreen broad-leaved forest. The power model was effective for establishing the regression relationship of the body length and weight of the Spirobolidae. The millipede density was significantly positively correlated with soil moisture and total phosphorus content, and negatively with the C/N and C/P of the forest soil. The results suggested that forest type, soil moisture, total phosphorus, C/N, and C/P were the key factors affecting the millipede distribution and density in soils.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2020-10-25