|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]袁承志,陈坦,张振,等.不同养分环境下钙添加对柏木家系苗木生长和根系发育的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2020,26(05):1161-1168.[doi: 10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.09048]
 YUAN Chengzhi,CHEN Tan,et al.Effects of calcium addition on growth and root development of Cupressus funebris families in different nutrient conditions[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2020,26(05):1161-1168.[doi: 10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.09048]
点击复制

不同养分环境下钙添加对柏木家系苗木生长和根系发育的影响()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
26卷
期数:
2020年05期
页码:
1161-1168
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2020-10-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of calcium addition on growth and root development of Cupressus funebris families in different nutrient conditions
作者:
袁承志陈坦张振金国庆丰忠平周志春郑一
1中国林业科学研究院亚热带林业研究所, 浙江省林木育种技术研究重点实验室 富阳 311400 2中南林业科技大学 长沙 410000 3浙江省淳安县林业总场有限公司姥山分场 淳安 311700
Author(s):
YUAN Chengzhi1 2 CHEN Tan1 ZHANG Zhen1? JIN Guoqing1 FENG Zhongping3 ZHOU Zhichun1 & ZHENG Yi1
1 Key Laboratory of Tree Breeding of Zhejiang Province, Research Institute of Subtropical Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Fuyang 311400,China 2 Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha 410000, China 3 Laoshan Forest Farm, Chun’an 311700, China
关键词:
柏木家系钙添加生长根系发育
Keywords:
Cupressus funebris family calcium addition growth root development
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.09048
摘要:
研究不同养分环境下钙添加对柏木家系苗木生长和根系发育的影响,为柏木造林地选择和施肥管理提供理论依据. 以5个柏木家系的1年生容器苗为材料,进行一个生长季的钙添加盆栽实验. 实验分别在肥沃(添加3 g/kg NPK控释肥)和贫瘠(未施肥)两种土壤养分环境下,模拟3种浓度(0 g/kg、3 g/kg和6 g/kg)的钙添加对柏木家系苗木生长及根系发育的影响. 结果表明:(1)肥沃条件下,柏木的株高、地径、全株干物质量、根长、根表面积和根体积分别是贫瘠条件下的1.46、1.14、1.67、1.28、1.45和1.65倍. (2)在贫瘠条件中,添加3 g/kg钙提早并延长了苗木的速生期,其株高、地径和全株干物质量较对照分别增加8.42%、6.06%和10.74%,而添加6 g/kg钙显著降低了柏木的株高、地径,较对照分别减少3.37%和5.66%;在肥沃条件中,随钙浓度的增加,柏木苗高的速生期出现推迟并缩短的现象,但株高和地径在不同钙处理间差异不显著. (3)在两种养分条件下,外源钙对柏木苗木的根系参数均有抑制作用. 贫瘠条件下,3 g/kg钙处理抑制作用最强,柏木的根系参数在添加3 g/kg钙后较对照降低了12.20%、18.13%和23.41%;肥沃条件下,6 g/kg钙处理抑制作用最强,柏木的根系参数在添加6 g/kg钙后较对照降低了19.82%、17.00%和14.38%. (4)柏木家系的生长及根系发育对钙添加的响应不同. 在贫瘠条件下,柏木生长及根系发育在家系间差异不显著,但株高和地径存在显著的家系×钙互作效应;在肥沃条件下,柏木生长及根系发育在家系间差异显著或极显著,柏木家系的株高、地径、全株干物质量、根茎干物质量和根体积存在显著的家系×钙互作效应. 本研究表明在生产上可通过添加适量的钙来增加柏木在贫瘠立地条件下的高生长和干物质量;在相对肥沃的养分条件下可通过优良家系选育应用于生产. (图5 表3 参37)
Abstract:
This study focused on the effects of calcium addition on the growth and root development of cypress in different conditions, to provide a theoretical basis for land selection and fertilization management. Using five families of 1-year-old container seedlings as materials, the calcium addition experiment was performed in a growing season. The experiment simulated three concentrations of calcium (0 g/kg, 3 g/kg, and 6 g/kg) in two kinds of soil conditions: fertile (added 3 g/kg NPK fertilizer) and poor (unfertilized), to analyze the effects of calcium addition on seedling growth and root development of cypress families. The results showed that: (1) in fertile conditions, plant height, ground diameter, dry biomass, root length, root surface area, and root volume of cypress were 1.46 times, 1.14 times, 1.67 times, 1.28 times, 1.45 times, and 1.65 times greater than those in the poor condition. (2) In the poor conditions, 3 g/kg calcium advanced and prolonged the fast-growing period of seedlings, and increased the seedling height, ground diameter, and the whole plant dry biomass of cypress by 8.42%, 6.06%, and 10.74%, respectively, when compared with the control, while 6 g/kg calcium significantly decreased seedling height and ground diameter by 3.37% and 5.66%, respectively. In fertile conditions, the fast-growing period of seedling height was delayed and shortened by increase in added calcium, but there was no significant difference in seedling height and ground diameter between different calcium treatments. (3) In the two conditions, the addition of calcium significantly inhibited the root parameters of cypress. The inhibitory effect of 3 g/kg calcium treatment was the strongest, and the root parameters of cypress decreased by 12.20%, 18.13%, and 23.41% compared with the control after adding 3 g/kg calcium. Under fertile conditions, the inhibitory effect of 6 g/kg calcium treatment was the strongest, and the root parameters of cypress decreased by 19.82%, 17.00%, and 14.38% compared with the control after adding 6 g/kg calcium. (4) The responses of growth and root development of cypress families to calcium addition were different. In poor conditions, there was no significant difference in growth and root development between families. However, there was a significant family × calcium interaction effect on plant height and ground diameter, and there were significant or very significant differences in growth and root development in the fertile conditions. There were significant family × calcium interaction effects on seedling height, ground diameter, whole plant biomass, root dry biomass, stem dry biomass, and root volume of cypress families. In production, the high seedling growth and dry biomass of cypress can be increased by adding an appropriate amount of calcium under poor site conditions and can be induced by careful breeding under fertile conditions.

参考文献/References:

1 贺维, 张炜, 胡庭兴, 陈洪, 王茜, 罗杰. 施肥对1年生桢楠幼苗生长及主要土壤肥力指标的影响[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2015, 21 (1): 129-138 [He W, Zhang W, Hu TX, Chen H, Luo J. Effects of fertilization on growth of 1-year-old Phoebe zhennan S. Lee and soil fertility [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2015, 21 (1): 129-138]
2 周录英, 李向东, 汤笑, 林英杰, 李宗奉, 李宝龙. 氮、磷、钾肥配施对花生生理特性及产量、品质的影响[J]. 生态学报, 2008, 28 (6): 2707-2714 [Zhou LY, Li XD, Tang X, Lin YJ, Li ZF, Li BL. Effects of N, P, K fertilizer combined application on physiological characteristics, yield and kernel quality of peanut [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 28 (6): 2707-2714]
3 Hou YP, Peng SL, Chen BM, Ni GY. Inhibition of an invasive plant (Mikania micrantha H.B.K.) by soils of three different forests in lower subtropical China [J]. Biol Invasions, 2011, 13 (2): 381-391
4 马征, 崔荣宗, 贾德, 魏建林, 张柏松, 郑福丽, 李国生. 氮磷钾平衡施用对大葱产量、养分吸收及利用的影响[J]. 中国土壤与肥料, 2019 (3): 109-114 [Ma Z, Cui RZ, Jia D, Wei JL, Zhang BS, Zheng FL, Li GS. Effects of N, P and K balanced fertilization on welsh onion yield, nutrient uptake and utilization [J]. Soil Fert Sci Ch, 2019 (3): 109-114]
5 李明军, 喻理飞, 杜明凤, 黄宗胜, 石建华. 不同林龄杉木人工林植物-凋落叶-土壤C、N、P化学计量特征及互作关系[J]. 生态学报, 2018, 38 (21): 7772-7781 [Li MJ, Yu LF, Du MF, Huang ZS, Shi JH. C, N, and P stoichiometry and their interaction with plants, litter, and soil in a Cunninghamia lanceolata plantation with different ages [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2018, 38 (21): 7772-7781]
6 周双云, 蒋晶, 高龙燕, 王令霞, 李绍鹏, 李新国. 不同浓度CaCl2对盐胁迫下巴西蕉幼苗生理的影响[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2014, 20 (3): 449-454 [Zhou SY, Jiang J, Gao LY, Wang LX, Li SP, Li XG. Effects of CaCl2 concentration on physiology of Brazil banana seedling under NaCl stress [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2014, 20 (3): 449-454]
7 Hepler PK. Calcium: a central regulator of plant growth and development [J]. Plant Cell, 2005, 17 (8): 2142-2155
8 Abbasi MK, Manzoor M. Effect of soil-applied calcium carbide and plant derivatives on nitrification inhibition and plant growth promotion [J]. Int J Environ Sci Technol, 2013, 10 (5): 961-972
9 Goulding KW T. Soil acidification and the importance of liming agricultural soils with particular reference to the United Kingdom [J]. Soil Use Manage, 2016, 32 (3): 390-399
10 Liu KH, Fang TY, Yu FM, Liu Q, Li FR, Peng LS. Soil acidification in response to acid deposition in three subtropical forests of subtropical China [J]. Pedosphere, 2010, 20 (3): 399-408
11 吴飞华, 刘廷武, 裴真明, 郑海雷. 酸雨引起森林生态系统钙流失研究进展[J]. 生态学报, 2010, 30 (4): 1081-1088 [Wu FH, Liu YW, Pei ZM, Zheng HL. Calcium depletion in forest ecosystem induced by acid rain: a review [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2010, 30 (4): 1081-1088]
12 Tomlinson GH. Acidic deposition, nutrient leaching and forest growth [J]. Biogeochemistry, 2003, 65 (1): 51-81
13 Shukla SR, Rao RV, Shashikala S, Kumar P, Sharma SK. Wood quality variation in Tectona grandis (teak) clones from CSO raised at Maredumilli (Rajahmundry), Andhra Pradesh [J]. J Indian Acad Wood Sci, 2011, 8 (2): 116-119
14 Nocetti M, Rocca GD, Berti S. Genetic growth parameters and morphological traits of canker-resistant cypress clones selected for timber production [J]. Tree Genet Genom, 2015, 11 (4): 73
15 李德燕, 周运超. 马尾松幼苗生长对钙浓度的响应[J]. 中南林业科技大学学报, 2017, 37 (12): 39-45 [Li DY, Zhou YC. Responses of seedlings growth of Pinus massoniana to calcium concentration [J]. J Cent S Univ For Technol, 2017, 37 (12): 39-45]
16 张帆, 罗承德, 张健. 外源钙、磷、氮对铝胁迫下杉木幼苗生长影响的调控研究[J]. 应用生态学报, 2005, 16 (2): 213-217 [Zhang F, Luo CD, Zhang J. Alleviation effect of exogenous Ca, P and N on the growth of Chinese fir seedlings under Al stress [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2005, 16 (2): 213-217]
17 周再知, 梁坤南, 徐大平, 马华明, 黄桂华, 张玉臣. 钙与硼、氮配施对酸性土壤上柚木无性系苗期生长的影响[J]. 林业科学, 2010, 46 (5): 102-108 [Zhou ZZ, Xu KN, Xu DP, Ma HM, Huang GH, Zhang YC. Growth response of Teak Clone seedlings to calcium, boron and nitrogen supply in acid soil [J]. Sci Silv Sin, 2010, 46 (5): 102-108]
18 陈轶群, 王文娟, 黄荣银, 罗慧莹, 李应文, 李泳兴, 赵倩, 莫其锋. 热带次生林两种林下植物叶片生理特性对氮磷添加的响应[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2019, 25 (3): 626-633 [Chen YQ, Wang WJ, Huang RY, Luo HY, Li YW, Li YX, Zhao Q, Mo QF. Response of foliar physiological characteristic within two understory plant species to chronic nitrogen and phosphorus addition in a secondary tropical forest [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2019, 25 (3): 626-633]
19 王静, 徐爽, 闫涛, 马维娟, 闫巧玲. 土壤养分对辽东山区主要阔叶树种幼苗生长的影响[J]. 生态学杂志, 2017, 36 (11): 3148-3159 [Wang J, Xu S, Yan T, Ma WJ, Yan QL. Effects of soil nutrients on seedling growth of major tree species in montane region of eastern Liaoning Province, China [J]. Chin J Ecol, 2017, 36 (11): 3148-3159]
20 White PJ, Broadley MR. Calcium in plants [J]. Ann Bot, 2003, 92 (4): 487-511
21 Sung FJM, Lo WS. Growth responses of rice in ammonium-based nutrient solution with variable calcium supply [J]. Plant Soil, 1990, 125 (2): 239-244
22 李德燕, 周运超. 钙浓度对马尾松幼苗生长和生理特征的影响[J]. 林业科学研究, 2017, 30 (1): 174-180 [Li DY, Zhou YC. Effects of calcium concentration on growth and physiological characteristics of Pinus massoniana seedling [J]. For Res, 2017, 30 (1): 174-180]
23 孙义祥, 袁嫚嫚, 邬刚. 不同土壤肥力水平下钙对水稻专用肥增产效应的影响[J]. 中国农学通报, 2014, 30 (9): 77-81 [Sun YX, Yuan MM, Wu G. The impact of calcium on yield increase of special fertilizer on rice under different soil fertility levels [J]. Chin Agric Sci Bull, 2014, 30 (9): 77-81]
24 Rogers ED, Benfey PN. Regulation of plant root system architecture: implications for crop advancement [J]. Curr Opin Biotech, 2015, 32: 93-98
25 余星. 马尾松优良种源营养特性对外源钙、镁的响应[D]. 贵州: 贵州大学, 2017 [Yu X. Response of nutritional properties of the excellent provenances of Pinus massniana seedling to exogenous calcium and magnesium [D]. Guizhou: Guizhou University, 2017]
26 齐清文, 郝转, 陶俊杰, 康明. 报春苣苔属植物钙形态多样性[J]. 生物多样性, 2013, 21 (6): 715-722 [Qi QW, Hao Z, Tao JJ, Kang M. Diversity of calcium speciation in leaves of Primulina species (Gesneriaceae) [J]. Biodivers Sci, 2013, 21 (6): 715-722]
27 徐程扬, 张华, 贾忠奎, 薛康, 杜鹏志, 王京国. 林分密度和立地类型对北京山区侧柏人工林根系的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2007, 29 (4): 95-99 [Xu CY, Zhang H, Jia ZK, Xue K, Du PZ, Wang JG. Effects of stand density and site types on root characteristics of Platycladus orientalis plantations in Beijing mountainous area [J]. J Beijing For Univ, 2007, 29 (4): 95-99]
28 Neatrour MA, Jones RH, Golladay SW. Correlations between soil nutrient availability and fine-root biomass at two spatial scales in forested wetlands with contrasting hydrological regimes [J]. Can J For Res, 2005, 35 (35): 2934-2941
29 Kou L, Wang HM, Gao WL, Chen WW, Yang H, Li SG. Nitrogen addition regulates tradeoff between root capture and foliar resorption of nitrogen and phosphorus in a subtropical pine plantation [J]. Trees, 2016, 35 (1): 1-15
30 Li JY, Guo QX, Zhang JX, Korpelainen H, Li CY. Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus supply on growth and physiological traits of two Larix species [J]. Environ Exp Bot, 2016, 130: 206-215
31 杨春婷, 张永清, 董璐, 张楚, 路之娟, 杨甜. 不同基因型苦荞幼苗对低磷胁迫的响应[J]. 植物科学学报, 2018, 36 (6): 859-867 [Yang CT, Zhang YQ, Dong L, Zhang C, Lu ZJ, Yang T. Responses of different genotype Fagopyrum tataricum seedlings to low phosphorus stress [J]. Plant Sci J, 2018, 36 (6): 859-867]
32 Bonifas KD, Lindquist JL. Effects of nitrogen supply on the root morphology of corn and velvetleaf [J]. J Plant Nutr, 2009, 32 (8): 1371-1382
33 董虹妤, 刘青华, 金国庆, 丰忠平, 甘振栋, 周志春. 马尾松3代种质幼林生长性状遗传效应及其与环境互作[J]. 林业科学研究, 2015, 28 (6): 775-780 [Dong HY, Liu QH, Jin GQ, Feng ZP, Gan ZD, Zhou ZC. Effects of growth traits for the third generation Pinus massoniana germplasm and the interaction with environment [J]. For Res, 2015, 28 (6): 775-780]
34 Graefe S, Hertel D, Leuschner C. Estimating fine root turnover in tropical forests along an elevational transect using minirhizotrons [J]. Biotropica, 2008, 40 (5): 536-542
35 谭长强, 黄志玲, 彭玉华, 申文辉, 郝海坤, 曹艳云, 刘秀. Cd胁迫下施N对台湾桤木(Alnus formosana)干物质及N、P、K、Cd积累与分配的影响[J]. 生态学杂志, 2017, 36 (7): 1847-1854 [Tang CQ, Huang ZL, Peng YH, Shen WH, Hao HK, Cao YY, Liu X. Influences of cadmium and nitrogen on the accumulation and distribution of dry matter and N, P, K, Cd in Alnus formosana [J]. Chin J Ecol, 2017, 36 (7): 1847-1854]
36 Geng YP, Pan XY, Xu CY, Zhang WJ, Li B, Chen JK. Plasticity and ontogenetic drift of biomass allocation in response to above- and below-ground resource availabilities in perennial herbs: a case study of Alternanthera philoxeroides [J]. Ecol Res, 2007, 22 (2): 255-260
37 Hao X, Papadopoulos AP. Effects of calcium and magnesium on plant growth, biomass partitioning, and fruit yield of winter greenhouse tomato [J]. Hort Sci, 2004, 39 (3): 512-515

更新日期/Last Update: 2020-10-25