|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]李茂,任正标,郑鸣鸣,等.指数施肥对杉木优良无性系生长和光合特性的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2020,26(02):400-409.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.05045]
 LI Mao,REN Zhengbiao,et al.Effects of exponential fertilization on the growth and photosynthetic characteristics of the superior clone of Cunninghamia lanceolata[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2020,26(02):400-409.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.05045]
点击复制

指数施肥对杉木优良无性系生长和光合特性的影响()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
26卷
期数:
2020年02期
页码:
400-409
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2020-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of exponential fertilization on the growth and photosynthetic characteristics of the superior clone of Cunninghamia lanceolata
作者:
李茂任正标郑鸣鸣洪凯许珊珊叶义全林开敏
1福建农林大学林学院 福州 350002 2国家林业和草原局杉木工程技术研究中心 福州 350002
Author(s):
LI Mao1 2 REN Zhengbiao1 2 ZHENG Mingming1 2 HONG Kai1 2XU Shanshan1 2 YE Yiquan1 2 LIN Kaimin1 2?
1 Forestry College, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China 2 State Forestry and Grassland Administration Engineering Research Center of Chinese Fir, Fuzhou 35002, China
关键词:
指数施肥光合特性杉木优良无性系
Keywords:
exponential fertilization photosynthetic characteristics Cunninghamia lanceolata superior clone
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.05045
摘要:
为探明施肥对杉木优良无性系幼苗光合特性的影响,以杉木优良无性系“洋061”轻基质扦插苗为试验材料,共设置6个处理:对照CK(0 mg/株)、常规集中施肥CF(40 mg/株)、指数施肥EF1(40 mg/株)、EF2(80 mg/株)、EF3(120 mg/株)、EF4(160 mg/株),比较杉木幼苗的生长和光合生特性对不同施肥处理响应的差异,筛选出适合杉木优良无性系“洋061”生长的施肥方式和浓度,为杉木苗期氮素养分管理提供参考. 结果表明:(1)与对照相比,施肥对杉木的苗高和地径的生长具有明显的促进作用;在相同施氮量下,指数施肥处理(EF1)下杉木的苗高和地径都优于常规施肥,但二者之间差异不显著(P > 0.05). (2)指数施肥处理下叶片最大荧光(Fm)、可变荧光(Fv)、PSⅡ最大光化学效率(Fv/Fm)、PSⅡ潜在活性(Fo/Fv)和实际最大量子产额(QY)均显著高于对照和常规施肥处理,且除Fv/Fm外,其余各指标均在EF3(120 mg/株)时达到最大值,而叶片初始荧光(Fo)和非光化学猝灭(NPQ)则低于对照处理. (3)施肥处理显著提高了叶片净光合速率(Pn)、气孔导度(Gs)、蒸腾速率(Tr)、胞间二氧化碳浓度(Ci)、叶绿体色素和类胡萝卜素含量,而且在相同施氮量下指数施肥处理(EF1)叶片Pn、Gs、Tr、Ci、叶绿体色素和类胡萝卜素含量显著高于常规施肥,随着施氮量的增加杉木上述指标均呈先增加后降低的趋势,除叶绿体色素外,上述指标均在施氮量为120 mg/株时达到最大. 综上表明,施氮量为120 mg/株的指数施肥能通过提高PSⅡ光化学效率和电子传递速率,降低光能的热耗散,增强杉木叶片光合速率,进而促进杉木幼苗生长. 因此,杉木优良无性系“洋061”适宜的施氮量为120 mg/株. (图4 表1 参79)
Abstract:
An exponential fertilization (EF) experiment with five nitrogen dose levels (0, 40, 80, 120, and 160 mg/plant) combined with conventional fertilization (CF) with a 40 mg/plant nitrogen level was conducted in the study using cutting seedlings of the superior clone of Cunninghamia lanceolata to investigate the responses of growth and the photosynthetic characteristics of C. lanceolata seedlings under various fertilization treatments and to select the most suitable fertilization manner and nitrogen level for the growth of the superior clone of C. lanceolata, which will provide a reference for the nitrogen management of C. lanceolata seedlings. The results showed that (1) the height and ground diameter of the C. lanceolata seedlings was obviously increased under various fertilization treatments compared to that of the control. Under the same nitrogen level, although the seedling height and ground diameter of C. lanceolata in the EF1 treatment was higher than that of the CF treatment, no significant differences were observed between these two treatments. (2) Maximal fluorescence (Fm’), variable fluorescence (Fv), PSⅡ maximal photochemical efficiency (Fv/Fm), PSⅡpotential efficiency (Fo/Fv), and actual maximum quantum yield (QY) were significantly higher in the EF treatment compared to that of the control and CF treatments, and these indexes all reached maximum values at the 120 mg/plant nitrogen level, except for that of Fv/Fm, which was slightly lower in the EF3 treatment compared to that of the EF4 treatment. An obviously lower initial fluorescence (Fo) and non-photochemical quenching coefficient (NPQ) were observed in the EF treatment compared to that of the control. (3) The net photosynthetic rate (Pn), stomatal conductance (Gs), transpiration rate (Tr), intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci), and the content of chloroplast pigments and carotenoids in the leaves of C. lanceolata significantly increased under various fertilization treatments compared to that of the control. The Pn, Gs, Tr, Ci, chloroplast pigment, and carotenoid content in the exponential fertilization treatment EF1was significantly higher than that of the CF treatment with the same nitrogen fertilization level. These indexes all showed a trend of an initial increase followed by a decrease as nitrogen levels increased from 0 to 160 mg/plant and arrived at their maximum values at the 120 mg/plant nitrogen level, except for that of the chloroplast pigment content. Therefore, exponential fertilization with the 120 mg/plant nitrogen level can significantly enhance the leaf photosynthetic rate by increasing PSⅡ?photochemistry?activity and the electron transfer rate while decreasing the thermal dissipation of light energy, which in turn promoted the growth of C. lanceolata seedlings. Thus, the 120 mg/plant nitrogen level is suitable for the growth of the seedlings of the superior clone of C. lanceolata.

参考文献/References:

1 叶义全, 罗红艳, 李茂, 刘晓霞, 曹光球, 许珊珊. 氮素形态对杉木幼苗侧根生长和叶片光合特性的影响[J]. 西北植物学报, 2018, 38 (11): 2036-2044 [Ye YQ, Luo HY, Li M, Liu XX, Cao GQ, Xu SS. Effects of nitrogen forms on lateral root development and photosynthetic characteristics in level of Cunninghamia lanceolata seedlings [J]. Acta Bot Bor-Occid Sin, 2018, 38 (11): 2036-2044]
2 刘圣恩, 林开敏, 蔡锰柯, 郑文辉, 石丽娜, 陈梦瑶, 周丽春, 郭玉硕, 何宗明. 近自然生态恢复条件下杉木老龄林群落优势树种种群结构与空间格局[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2015, 21 (3): 540-546 [Liu SE, Lin KM, Cai MK, Zheng WH, Shi LN, Chen MY, Zhou LC, Guo YS, He ZM. Population structure and spatial pattern of dominant species in old-growth Chinese ?r communities under near-natural restoration [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2015, 21 (3): 540-546]
3 唐桂兰, 刘小星, 芦建国. 氮素指数施肥对夏蜡梅幼苗生长、养分分配的影响[J]. 南京林业大学学报 (自然科学版), 2017, 41 (6): 134-140 [Tang GL, Liu XX, Lu JG. Effects of nitrogen exponential fertilization on growth and nutrient distribution of Sinocalycanthus chinensis seedlings [J]. J Nanjing For Univ (Nat Sci Ed), 2017, 41 (6): 134-140]
4 Mather DK, Kavanagh KL, Rose CL. Growth response of Douglas-fir seedlings to nitrogen fertilization: importance of Rubisco activation state and respiration rates [J]. Tree Physiol, 2005, 25 (8): 1015-1021
5 巨晓棠, 谷保静. 我国农田氮肥施用现状、问题及趋势[J]. 植物营养与肥料学报, 2014, 20 (4): 783-795 [Ju XT, Gu BJ. Status-quo, problem and trend of nitrogen fertilization in china [J]. J Plant Nutr Fert, 2014, 20 (4): 783-795]
6 魏红旭, 徐程扬, 马履一, 江俐妮. 苗木指数施肥技术研究进展[J]. 林业科学, 2010, 46 (7): 140-146 [Wei HX, Xu CY, Ma LY, Jiang LN. Advances in study on seedling exponential fertilization regime [J]. Sci Silva Sin, 2010, 46 (7): 140-146]
7 Quoreshi AM, Timmer VR. Early outplanting performance of nutrient-loaded containerized black spruce seedlings inoculated with Laccaria bicolor: a bioassay study [J]. Can J For Res, 2000, 30 (5): 744-752
8 Timmer VR. Exponential nutrient loading: a new fertilization technique to improve seedling performance on competitive sites [J]. New For, 1997, 13 (1-3): 279-299
9 郝龙飞, 刘婷岩, 张连飞, 贾斌英, 李宁, 李开隆. 氮素指数施肥对白桦播种苗养分承载和光合作用的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2014, 36 (6): 17-23 [Hao LF, Liu TY, Zhang LF, Li N, Li KL. Effects of N exponential fertilization on nutrient loading and photosynthesis of Betula platyphylla seedlings [J]. J Beijing For Univ, 2014, 36 (6): 17-23]
10 Salifu KF, Jacobs DF, Birge ZKD. Nursery nitrogen loading improves field performance of bareroot oak seedlings planted on abandoned mine lands [J]. Restor Ecol, 2009, 17 (3): 339-349
11 刘洲鸿, 刘 勇, 段树生. 不同水分条件下施肥对侧柏苗木生长及抗旱性的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2002, 24 (5): 56-61 [Liu Zh, Liu Y, Duan SS. Effects of fertilization methods on seedling growth and drought tolerance of Platycladus orientalis under different water conditions [J]. J Beijing For Univ, 2002, 24 (5): 56-61]
12 李素艳, 孙向阳, 刘凯英. 指数施肥技术在草坪培育中的应用[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2003, 25 (4): 44-49 [Li SY, Sun XY, Liu KY. Application of exponential fertilization to the cultivation of lawn before transplanting [J]. J Beijing For Univ, 2003, 25 (4): 44-49]
13 李玲莉, 李吉跃, 张方秋, 潘文, 魏丹, 何茜, 丁晓纲. 容器苗指数施肥研究综述[J]. 世界林业研究, 2010, 23 (2): 22-28 [Li LL, Li JY, Zhang FQ, Pan W, Wei dan, He Q, Ding XG. A review of exponential fertilization of container seedling [J]. World For Res. 2010, 23 (2): 22-28]
14 许忠坤, 徐清乾. 杉木速生、耐瘠薄营养高效型无性系选育技术[J]. 中南林业科技大学学报, 2007, 27 (6): 1-4+9 [Xu ZK, Xu QQ. Clonal selection and culture of fast-growing, low-nutritional Chinese fir [J]. J Cent South Univ For Technol, 2007, 27 (6): 1-4+9]
15 曾志光, 肖复明, 沈彩周, 邵锦峰, 谢双兰, 叶金山, 聂煜. 江西省优质速生杉木无性系选育研究[J]. 林业科学研究, 2006, 19 (5): 561-566 [Zeng ZG, Xiao FM, Shen CZ, Shao JF, Xie SL, Ye JS, Nie Y. Clone selection of Chinese fir with fast-growth and superior timber property [J]. For Res, 2006, 19 (5): 561-566]
16 苏顺德. 杉木杂交子代遗传变异及优良杂交组合选育研究[D]. 福州: 福建农林大学, 2007 [Su SD. Genetic variation of hybrid progeny of Chinese fir and breeding of superior cross combinations [D]. Fuzhou: Fujian Agricultural and Forestry University, 2007]
17 程琳. 杉木半同胞家系生长与材性联合选育研究[D]. 南宁: 广西大学, 2016 [Cheng L. Study on combined selection of growth and wood properties of half sib families of Cunninghamia lanceolata [D]. Nanning: Guangxi University, 2016]
18 程朝阳. 杉木人工林无节材培育技术研究[J]. 林业科学研究, 2005, 18 (5): 530-534 [Cheng ZY. Study on the cultivation technique for non-knot timber of Cunninghamia lanceolata [J]. For Res, 2005, 18 (5): 530-534]
19 唐隆校, 潘建华, 赖根伟. 施肥与间伐对杉木大径材培育的影响分析[J]. 华东森林经理, 2016, 30 (3): 29-32 [Tang LX, Pan JH, Lai GW. Effects of fertilization and thinning on the cultivation of large diameter timber of Chinese fir [J]. East Chi For Manage, 2016, 30 (3): 29-32]
20 徐清乾, 张勰, 黄帆, 唐春, 谭永康. 杉木装饰材高效培育技术[J]. 湖南林业科技, 2018, 45 (3): 57-60 [Xu QQ, Zhang X, Huang F, Tang C, Tan YK. Techniques of efficient cultivating decoration materials in Chinese fir [J]. Hunan For Sci Technol, 2018, 45 (3): 57-60]
21 黄娟, 吴鹏飞, 李惠通, 马祥庆. 杉木不同器官愈伤组织和再生芽的诱导效率[J]. 森林与环境学报, 2017, 37 (2): 129-135 [Huang J, Wu PF, Li HT, Ma XQ. Efficiency of callus and regeneration bud induction from different explants of Cunninghamia lanceolata [J]. J For Environ, 2017, 37 (2): 129-135]
22 李峰卿, 曾满生, 厉月桥, 周新华, 刘素贞. 杉木优良无性系组培快繁与容器苗培育技术研究[J]. 桉树科技, 2017, 34 (1): 36-41 [Li FQ, Zeng MS, Li YQ, Zhou XH, Liu SZ. Studies on micro-propagation and containerised seedling production techniques for Chinese fir [J]. Eucalyptus Sci Technol, 2017, 34 (1): 36-41]
23 付婷, 李伯林. 速生广西良种杉木组培快繁技术初步研究[J]. 北方园艺, 2013 (16): 111-113 [Fu T, Li BL. Prelinminary study on the technique of tissue culture and rapid propagation on fast-growing guangxi Chinese fir [J], North Hortic, 2013 (16): 111-113]
24 胡德活, 林军, 王润辉, 郑会全, 梁瑞友, 晏姝, 韦如萍, 刘伟新, 赖旭恩, 吕宇宙, 李彭生. 杉木第二代改良种子园营建技术及应用成效[J]. 林业与环境科学, 2019, 35 (1): 23-28 [Hu DH, Lin J, Wang RH, Zheng HQ, Liang RY, Yan S, Wei RP, Liu WX, Lai XE, Lu YZ, Li PS. Establishment techniques for improved second generation seed orchard of Chinese fir and its applying achievement [J]. For Environ Sci, 2019, 35 (1): 23-28]
25 苏治南, 陈诗文, 杨家鸿, 谭玲, 罗扬卓, 杨梅. 不同生根剂对杉木扦插根形态建成的影响[J]. 基因组学与应用生物学, 2013, 32 (6): 787-794 [Su ZN, Chen SW, Yang JH, Tan L, Luo YZ, Yang M. Effect of rooting agents on root morphology of cuttings of Chinese fir clone [J]. Genomics Appl Biol, 2013, 32 (6): 787-794]
26 周新华, 姚甲宝, 肖智勇, 曾平生, 周默, 李家彧. 穗条尺寸和植物生长调节剂对杉木扦插生根的影响[J]. 西南林业大学学报 (自然科学), 2018, 38 (5): 52-57 [Zhou XH, Yao JB, Xiao ZY, Zeng PS, Zhou M, Li JY. Effects of cutting size and plant growth regulator on rooting ability of Cunninghamia lanceolata [J]. J Southwest Univ (Nat Sci), 2018, 38 (5): 52-57]
27 李锦清, 董耀卿, 何秉云, 郑建忠, 王赵民, 陈益泰. 浙江长乐杉木种子园营建技术和改良效果的研究[J]. 林业科学研究, 1991, 4 (1): 50-56 [Li JQ, Dong YQ, He BY, Zheng JZ, Wang ZM, Chen YT. The construction, management and improving effect of Chinses fir orchard in Changle, Zhejiang provine [J]. For Res, 1991, 4 (1): 50-56]
28 郑仁华, 施季森, 苏顺德, 林华忠, 林建椿, 方禄明, 叶代全. 杉木第3代种子园营建技术及应用[J]. 森林与环境学报, 2018, 38 (4): 406-413 [Zheng RH, Shi JS, Su SD, Lin HZ, Lin JT, Fang LM, Ye DQ. The establishment technique and application of the third generation seed orchard of Chinese fir [J]. J For Environ, 2018, 38 (4): 406-413]
29 胡德活, 林军, 王润辉, 郑会全, 梁瑞友, 晏姝, 韦如萍, 刘伟新, 赖旭恩, 吕宇宙, 李彭生. 杉木第二代改良种子园营建技术及应用成效[J]. 林业与环境科学, 2019, 35 (1): 23-28 [Hu DH, Lin J, Wang RH, Zheng HQ, Liang RY, Yan S, Wei RP, Liu WX, Lai XE, Lu YZ, Li PS. Establishment techniques for improved second generation seed orchard of Chinese fir and its applying achievement [J]. For Environ Sci, 2019, 35 (1): 23-28]
30 汪思龙, 陈龙池, 廖利平, 黄志群. 几种化感物质对杉木幼苗生长的影响[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2002, 8 (6): 588-591 [Wang SL, Chen LC, Liao LP, Huang ZQ. Effects of three kinds of allelochemicals on growth of chinese fir seedings [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2002, 8 (6): 588-591]
31 刘爱琴, 林开敏, 范少辉, 马祥庆, 盛炜彤. 不同栽植代数杉木林凋落物特性的比较[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2004, 10 (5): 585-590 [Liu AQ, Lin KM, Fan SH, Ma XQ, Sheng WD. Comparison on fall character in different generation plantations of Chinese fir [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2004, 10 (5): 585-590]
32 魏晓骁, 陈爱玲, 王士亚, 曹光球, 蔡培菁, 黎 舒. 杉木连栽林土壤微生物碳源利用比较[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2016, 22 (3): 518-523 [Wei XX, Chen AL, Wang SY, Cao GQ, Cai PJ, Su P. A comparative study of soil microbial carbon source utilization in different A comparative study of soil microbial carbon source utilization in different successive rotation plantations of Chinese successive rotation plantations of Chinese fir [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2016, 22 (3): 518-523]
33 Xu X, Timmer VR. Biomass and nutrient dynamics of Chinese fir seedlings under conventional and exponential fertilization regimes [J]. Plant Soil, 1998, 203 (2): 313-322
34 刘欢, 王超琦, 吴家森, 郭联华. 氮素指数施肥对杉木无性系苗生长及养分含量的影响[J]. 应用生态学报, 2016, 27 (10): 3123-3128 [Liu H, Wang CQ, Wu JS, Guo LH. Effects of exponential N fertilization on the growth and nutrient content in clonal Cunninghamia lanceolata seedlings [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2016, 27 (10): 3123-3128]
35 刘欢, 王超琦, 吴家森, 郭联华. 氮素指数施肥对1年生杉木苗生长及氮素积累的影响[J]. 浙江农林大学学报, 2017, 34 (3): 459-464 [Liu H, Wang CQ, Wu JS, Guo LH. Growth and N accumulation in seedlings of Cunninghamia lanceolata clones with N exponential fertilization [J]. J Zhejiang A&F Univ, 2017, 34 (3): 459-464]
36 罗杰, 陈洪, 申玲, 胡庭兴, 彭勇, 喻秀艳, 陈玉凤, 杨珊珊, 胡红玲. 不同肥料种类及其施肥水平对1年生桢楠幼苗光合生理及生长特性的影响[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2017, 23 (5): 826-836 [Luo J, Chen H, Shen L, Hu TX, Peng Y, Yu XY, Chen YF, Yang SS, Hu HL. Effect of different fertilizers and N levels on the photosynthetic physiology and growth of one-year-old Phoebe zhennan S. Lee seedlings [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2017,23 (5): 826-836]
37 徐晓鹏, 傅向东, 廖红. 植物铵态氮同化及其调控机制的研究进展[J]. 植物学报, 2016, 51 (2): 152-166 [Xu XP, Fu XD, Liao H. Advances in study of ammonium assimilation and its regulatory mechanism in plants [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2016, 51 (2): 152-166]
38 Nicodemus MA, Salifu FK, Jacobs DF. Growth, nutrition, and photosynthetic response of black walnut to varying nitrogen sources and rates [J]. J Plant Nutr, 2008, 31 (11): 1917-1936
39 武姣娜, 魏晓东, 李霞, 张金飞, 谢寅峰. 植物氮素利用效率的研究进展[J]. 植物生理学报, 2018, 54 (9): 1401-1408 [Wu JN, Wei XD, Li X, Zhang JF, Xie YF. Research progress in nitrogen use efficiency in plants [J]. J Plant Physiol, 2018, 54 (9): 1401-1408]
40 李晓, 冯伟, 曾晓春. 叶绿素荧光分析技术及应用进展[J]. 西北植物学报, 2006, 26 (10): 2186-2196 [Li X, Feng W, Zeng XC. Advances in chlorophyll fluorescence analysis and its uses [J]. Acta Bot Bor-Occid Sin, 2006, 26 (10): 2186-2196]
41 Roosta HR, Estaji A, Niknam F. Effect of iron, zinc and manganese shortage-induced change on photosynthetic pigments, some osmoregulators and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters in lettuce [J]. Photosynthetica, 2017, 56 (2): 606-615
42 林郑和, 钟秋生, 陈常颂, 游小妹, 陈志辉. 缺钾对茶树幼苗叶片叶绿素荧光特性的影响[J]. 植物营养与肥料学报, 2012, 18 (4): 974-980 [Lin ZH, Zhong QS, Chen CS, You XM, Chen ZH. Effects of potassium deficidency on chlorophyⅡ fluorescence in leaves of tea seeding [J]. J Plant Nutr Fert, 2012, 18 (4): 974-980]
43 王俊忠, 张超男, 赵会杰, 李付立, 杨亚军, 马培芳. 不同施肥方式对超高产夏玉米叶绿素荧光特性及产量性状的影响[J]. 植物营养与肥料学报, 2008, 14 (3): 479-483 [Wang JZ, Zhang CN, Zhao HJ, Li FL, Yang YJ, Ma PF. Effects if different fertilization methods on chlorophyⅡ fluorescence parameters and yield of summer maize [J]. J Plant Nutr Fert, 2008, 14 (3): 479-483]
44 姚春娟, 熊光康, 杨肖华, 赖晓莲, 郭圣茂, 李兆双. 施肥对掌叶覆盆子叶绿素荧光参数和生理特性的影响[J]. 华南农业大学学报, 2017, 38 (6): 51-57 [Yao CJ, Xiong GK, Yang XH, Lai XL, Guo SM, Li ZS. Effects of fertilization on chlorophyll fluorescence parameters andphysiological characteristics of Rubus chingii [J]. J South Chin Agric Univ, 2017, 38 (6): 51-57]
55 杨振, 陈智强, 王讷敏, 吴文景, 马祥庆, 吴鹏飞. 施磷方式对杉木幼苗光合能力及磷素分配的影响[J]. 福建农林大学学报 (自然科学版), 2019, 48 (1): 28-34 [Yang Z, Chen ZQ, Wang NM, Wu WJ, Ma XQ, Wu PF. Effects of phosphorus supply on photosynthetic ability and phosphorus distribution in Chinese fir seedlings [J]. J Fujian Agric For Univ, 2019, 48 (1): 28-34]
46 罗红艳, 费裕翀, 曹光球, 陈潇潇, 刘丽, 叶义全. 低磷和铝胁迫对杉木光合及叶绿素荧光特性的影响[J]. 亚热带农业研究, 2018, 14 (4): 229-235 [Luo HY, Fei YC, Cao GQ, Chen XX, Liu L, Ye YQ. Effect of low phosphorus and aluminum stress on photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics of Chinese fir (Cunninghamia) [J], Subtrop Agric Res, 2018, 14 (4): 229-235]
47 齐明, 何贵平, 周建革, 程亚平, 肖纪军, 翁春媚. 杉木无性系光合特性和呼吸速率的遗传变异性及杂交亲本筛选[J]. 江西农业大学学报, 2018, 40 (2): 215-224 [Qi M, He GP, Zhou JG, Cheng YP, Xiao JJ, Weng CM. Genetic variability of photosynthetic and respiration rate of Chinese fir and selection of female and male parents [J]. Acta Agric Univ Jiangxiensis, 2018, 40 (2): 215-224]
48 陈智裕, 李琦, 邹显花, 马祥庆, 吴鹏飞. 邻株竞争对低磷环境杉木幼苗光合特性及生物量分配的影响[J]. 植物生态学报, 2016, 40 (2): 177-186 [Chen ZY, Li Q, Zou XH, Ma XQ, Wu PF. Effect of neighboring competition on photosynthetic characteristics and biomass allocation of Chinese fir seedlings under low phosphorus stress [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2016, 40 (2): 177-186]
49 Dumroese RK, Page-Dumroese DS, Salifu KF, Jacobs DF. Exponential fertilization of Pinus monticola seedlings: nutrient uptake efficiency, leaching fractions, and early outplanting perforance [J]. Can J For Res, 2005, 35 (12): 2961-2967
50 Lin XY, Ye YQ, Fan SK, Jin CW, Zheng SJ. Increased sucrose accumulation regulatesIron-de?ciency responses by promoting auxin signaling in arabidopsis plants [J]. Plant Physiol, 2016, 170: 907
51 陶文文, 蒋文伟, 赵丽娟. 3个钓钟柳品种叶绿素荧光特性比较[J]. 浙江农林大学学报, 2011, 28 (3): 367-371 [Tao WW, Jiang WW, Zhao LJ. ChlorophyⅡ fluorescence parameters in three cultivars of Penstemon [J]. J Zhejiang A F Univ, 2011, 28 (3): 367-371]
52 Baker NR. Chlorophyll fluorescence: A probe of photo-synthesis in vivo [J]. Annu Rev Plant Biol, 2008, 59: 89-113
53 王冉, 李吉跃, 张方秋, 朱报著, 潘文. 不同施肥方法对马来沉香和土沉香苗期根系生长的影响[J]. 生态学报, 2011, 31 (1): 98-106 [Wang R, Li JY, Zhang FQ, Zhu BZ, Pan W. Growing dynamic root system of Aquilaria malaccensis and Aquilaria sinensis seeding in response to different fertilizing methods [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2011, 31 (1): 98-106]
54 Salifu KF, Timmer VR. Optimizing nitrogen loading of Picea mariana seedlings during nursery culture [J]. Can J For Res, 2003, 33 (7): 1287-1294
55 Wei HX, Ren J, Zhou JH. Effect of exponential fertilization on growth and nutritional statusin Buddhist pine (Podocarpus macrophyllus [Thunb.] D. Don)seedlings cultured in natural and prolonged photoperiods [J]. Soil Sci Plant Nutr, 2013, 59: 933-941
56 Hu YL, Hu Y, Zeng DH, Tan X, Chang SX. Exponential fertilization and plant competition effects on the growth and N nutrition of trembling aspen and white spruce seedlings [J]. Can J For Res, 2015, 45 (1): 78-86
57 Pokharel P, Chang SX. Pokharel P, Chang SX. Exponential fertilization promotes seedling growth by increasing nitrogen retranslocation in trembling aspen planted for oil sands reclamation [J]. For Ecol Manage, 2016, 372: 35-43
58 Chen L, Wang CS, Dell B, Zhao ZG, Guo JJ, Xu DP, Zeng J. Growth and nutrient dynamics of Betula alnoides seedlingsunder exponential fertilization [J]. J For Res, 2018, 29 (1): 111-119
59 Duan J, Xu CY, Jacobs DF, Ma LY, Wei HX, Jiang LN, Ren J. Exponential nutrient loading shortens the cultural period of Larix olgensis seedlings [J]. Scand J For Res, 2013, 28 (5): 409-418
60 Hodge A. The plastic plant: root responses to heterogeneous supplies of nutrients [J]. New Phytol, 2004, 162 (1): 9-24
61 郑槐明, 贾慧君. 植物稳态矿质营养理论与技术研究及展望[J]. 林业科学, 1999, 35 (1): 95-103 [Zheng HM, Jia HJ. Study and prospects of theory and techniques for steady-state mineral nutrition pf plants[J]. Sci Silva Sin, 1999, 35 (1): 95-103]
62 Salifu K, Timmer V. Nitrogen retranslocation response of young Picea mariana to nitrogen-15 supply [J]. Soil Sci Soc Am J, 2003, 67 (1): 309-317
63 王益明, 万福绪, 胡菲, 张慧, 鞠昌华, 李瑞瑞. 指数施肥对美国山核桃苗期光合生理特性的影响[J]. 水土保持研究, 2018, 25 (5): 187-191+198 [Wang YM, Wan FX, Hu F, Zhang H, Ju CH, Li RR. Effects of exponential fertilization on the photosynthetic physiology characteristics of Carya illinoinensis seedings [J]. Res Soil Water Conserv, 2018, 25 (5): 187-191+198]
64 贾瑞丰, 尹光天, 杨锦昌, 李荣生, 邹文涛. 不同氮素水平对红厚壳幼苗生长及光合特性的影响[J]. 林业科学研究, 2012, 25 (1): 23-29 [Jia RF, Yin GT, Yang JC, Li RS, Zou WT. Effects of nitrogen application on the growth and photosynthetic characteristics of Calophyllum inophyllum seedlings [J]. For Res, 2012, 25 (1): 23-29]
65 王冉, 何茜, 丁晓纲, 李吉跃, 张方秋, 朱报著, 苏艳. N素指数施肥对沉香苗期光合生理特性的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2011, 33 (6): 58-64 [Wang R, He Q, Ding XG, Li JY, Zhang FQ, Zhu BZ, Su Y. Effects of exponential fertilization on seedling growth and photosynthesis of Aquilarias spp. [J]. J Beijing For Univ, 2011, 33 (6): 58-64]
66 唐洁, 汤玉喜, 苏晓华, 李永进, 吴梅, 杨艳, 黄秦军. 美洲黑杨无性系苗期光合生理特性研究[J]. 中南林业科技大学学报, 2014, 34 (9): 12-16 [Tang J, Tang YX, Su XH, Li YJ, Wu M, Yang Y, Huang QJ. A study on photosynthetic physiological characteristics of Populus deltoids clones at seedling stage [J]. J Central South Univ For Technol, 2014, 34 (9): 12-16]
67 金继运, 何萍. 氮钾营养对春玉米后期碳氮代谢与粒重形成的影响[J]. 中国农业科学, 1999, 32 (4): 55-62 [He JY, He P. Effect of N and K nutrition on post metabolism of carbon and nitrogen and grain weight formation in maize [J]. Sci Agric Sin, 1999, 32 (4): 55-62]
68 王力朋, 晏紫伊, 李吉跃, 王军辉, 何茜, 苏艳, 董菊兰. 氮素指数施肥对3个楸树无性系光合特性的影响[J]. 林业科学研究, 2013, 26 (1): 46-51 [Wang LP, Yan ZY, Li JY, Wang JH, He Q, Su Y, Dong JL. Effects of nitrogen exponential fertilization on photosynthetic characteristics of three Catalpa bungei clones [J]. For Res, 2013, 26 (1): 46-51]
69 丁晓纲, 刘喻娟, 张应中, 蔡坚, 梁梓毅, 朱雯, 陈清凤. 不同氮浓度指数施肥对银桦-花楹幼苗生长及其根系和叶片的影响[J]. 中国农学通报, 2013, 29 (19): 39-45 [Ding XG, Liu YJ, Zhang YZ, Cai J, Liang ZY, Zhu W, Chen QF. Effects of different N concentration exponential fertilization on the growth, root and blade of Grevillea robusta and Jacarand mimosifolia [J]. Chin Agric Bull, 2013, 29 (19): 39-45]
70 吴俊文, 何茜, 李吉跃, 王军辉, 苏艳, 王力朋, 董菊兰, 白晶晶. 不同氮素指数施肥下楸树无性系叶片发育动态变化[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37 (7): 19-28 [Wu JW, He Q, Li JY, Wang JH, Su Y, Wang LP, Dong JL, Bai JJ. Dynamic changes of foliage growth of Catalpa bungei clones under different nitrogen exponential fertilization [J]. J Beijing For Univ, 2015, 37 (7): 19-28]
71 郝召君, 周春华, 刘定, 魏梦苒, 陶俊. 高温胁迫对芍药光合作用、叶绿素荧光特性及超微结构的影响[J]. 分子植物育种, 2017, 15 (6): 2359-2367 [Hao ZJ, Zhou CH, Liu D, Wei MR, Tao J. Effects of high temperature stress on photosynthesis, chlorophyll fluorescence and ultrastructure of herbaceous peony (Paeonia lactiflora pall) [J]. Mol Plant Breed, 2017, 15 (6): 2359-2367]
72 沈燕, 方升佐, 孙志鸿. 盐胁迫对欧美杂交杨异戊二烯释放和光合参数的影响[J], 应用与环境生物学报, 2019, 25 (1): 83-88 [Shen Y, Fang SZ, Sun ZH. Effects of salinity stress on isoprene emission and photosynthetic parameters in Populus deltoides × Populus nigra [J], Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2019, 25 (1): 83-88]
73 郭天财, 冯伟, 赵会杰, 薛国典, 王化岑, 王永华, 姚战军. 两种穗型冬小麦品种旗叶光合特性及氮素调控效应[J]. 作物学报, 2004, 30 (2): 115-121 [Guo TC, Feng W, Zhao HJ, Xue GD, Wang HC, Wang YH, Yao ZJ. Photosynthetic characteristics of flag leaves and nitrogen effects in two winter wheat cultivars with different spike type [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2004, 30 (2): 115-121]
74 张其德, 卢从明, 张群, 白克智, 匡廷云. 不同氮素水平下CO2倍增对大豆叶片荧光诱导动力学参数的影响[J]. 植物营养与肥料学报, 1997, 3 (1): 24-30 [Zhang QD, Lu CM, Zhang Q, Bai KZ, Kuang TY. Effects of doubled CO2 on the fluorescence induction kinetics parameters of soybean leaves grown at different uitrogen nutrition levels [J]. J Plant Nutr Fert, 1997, 3 (1): 24-30]
75 孙红英, 曹光球, 辛全伟, 林思祖, 刘宝. 香樟8个无性系叶绿素荧光特征比较[J]. 福建林学院学报, 2010, 30 (4): 309-313 [Sun HY, Cao GQ, Xin QW, Lin SZ, Liu B. Comparisons of chlorophyll fluorescence characteristicsamong 8 Cinnamomum camphora clones [J]. J Fujian Coll For, 2010, 30 (4): 309-313]
76 岑海燕, 姚洁妮, 翁海勇, 徐海霞, 朱月明, 何勇. 叶绿素荧光技术在植物表型分析的研究进展[J]. 光谱学与光谱分析, 2018, 38 (12): 3773-3779 [Cen HY, Yao JN, Weng HY, Xu HX, Zhu YM, He Y. Applications of chlorophyll fluorescence in plant phenotyping: a review [J]. Spectrosc Spectral Anal, 2018, 38 (12): 3773-3779]
77 温婷, 陈周琴, 张露, 易敏, 李燕山, 杨亮. 叶绿素荧光特性对龙脑樟配方肥的响应[J]. 江西农业大学学报, 2018, 40 (5): 1012-1020 [Wen T, Chen ZQ, Zhang L, Yi M, Li YS, Yang L. The responses of chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics of Cinnamomum camphora chvar borneol to different fertilization levels [J]. Acta Agric Univ Jiangxiensis, 2018, 40 (5): 1012-1020]
78 陈四龙, 孙宏勇, 陈素英, 张喜英, 孙振山, 斐冬. 不同冬小麦品种 (系)叶绿素荧光差异分析[J]. 麦类作物学报, 2005, 25 (3): 57-62 [Chen SL, Sun HY, Chen SY, Zhang XY, Sun ZS, Fei D. Analysis on chlorophyll fluorescence of flag leaves for different winter wheat varieties [J]. J Tritceae Crops, 2005, 25 (3): 57-62]
79 李国雷, 刘勇, 祝燕, 孙宇, 邹尚青. 苗木稳态营养加载技术研究进展[J]. 南京林业大学学报(自然科学版), 2011, 35 (2): 117-123 [Li GL, Liu Y, Zhu Y, Sun Y, Zou SQ. Study of techniques for steady-state nutrition supply of seedings [J]. J Nanjing For Univ (Nat Sci Edn), 2011, 35 (2): 117-123]

相似文献/References:

[1]邹璐,范秀华,孙兆军,等.盐碱地施用脱硫石膏对土壤养分及油葵光合特性的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2012,18(04):575.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2012.00575]
 ZOU Lu,FAN Xiuhua,SUN Zhaojun,et al.Effects of Desulfurized Gypsum Addition on Saline-alkali Soil Nutrients and Photosynthetic Characteristics of Cultivated Oil-sunflower[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2012,18(02):575.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2012.00575]
[2]项超,徐智斌,冯波,等.四川小麦品种的旗叶光合特性[J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(01):84.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00084]
 XIANG Chao,XU Zhibin,FENG Bo,et al.Photosynthetic Characteristics of Flag Leaves of Sichuan Wheat[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(02):84.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00084]
[3]方晓雨,张宏琴,姜超,等.3种乔木叶片反射光谱与光合特性随树高的变化[J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(02):383.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00383]
 FANG Xiaoyu,ZHANG Hongqin,JIANG Chao,et al.Changes in Leaf Spectral Reflectance and Photosynthetic Characteristics with Tree Height in Three Tree Species[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(02):383.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00383]
[4]柯德森,杨礼香,巫锦雄.光强对玉米幼苗光合特性及环境羟基自由基水平的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(03):404.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00404]
 KE Desen,YANG Lixiang,WU Jinxiong.Effects of Light Intensity on the Photosynthetic Characteristics of Maize Seedlings and the Content of Atmosphere Hydroxyl Radical[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(02):404.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00404]
[5]姜超,黄珍,方晓雨,等.长白山5种槭属植物光合及反射光谱特性[J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(04):713.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00713]
 JIANG Chao,HUANG Zhen,FANG Xiaoyu,et al.Characteristics of Photosynthesis and Spectral Reflectance in Five Acer Species in the Changbai Mountain[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(02):713.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00713]
[6]胡义,胡庭兴,胡红玲,等.干旱胁迫对香樟幼树生长及光合特性的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2014,20(04):672.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.12019]
 HU Yi,HU Tingxing,HU Hongling,et al.Effects of drought stress on growth and photosynthetic characteristics of Cinnamomum camphora saplings[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2014,20(02):672.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.12019]
[7]周光良,胡庭兴,吴张磊,等.核桃凋落叶分解对菠菜生长和生理特性的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2015,21(04):777.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.01032]
 ZHOU Guangliang,HU Tingxing,WU Zhanglei,et al.Effects of Juglans regia leaf litter decomposition on growth and physiological characteristics of spinach (Spinacia oleracea)[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2015,21(02):777.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.01032]
[8]袁颖红,樊后保,吴建平,等.不同年龄人工林尾巨桉(Eucalyptus urophylla × E. grandis)叶片光合特性及水分利用效率[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(01):58.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.06020]
 YUAN Yinghong,FAN Houbao**,WU Jianping,et al.The photosynthesis characteristics and water use efficiency of Eucalyptus urophylla × E. grandis plantations of different ages[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(02):58.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.06020]
[9]马梦洁,张毅敏,杨飞,等.沉水植物黑藻的拓殖能力和光合荧光特性*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(05):752.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.02011]
 MA Mengjie,ZHANG Yimin,**,et al.The propagation ability and photosynthetic fluorescence characteristics of submerged plant Hydrilla verticillata*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(02):752.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.02011]
[10]谭飞,周光良,胡红玲,等.不同基质配比对桢楠幼苗生长及其 光合特性的影响*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(05):823.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.05003]
 TAN Fei,ZHOU Guangliang,HU Hongling**,et al.Effects of the substrate ratio on the growth and photosynthesis properties of Phoebe zhennan containerized seedlings*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(02):823.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.05003]

更新日期/Last Update: 2020-04-25