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[1]郭玉梅 殷秀琴,** 马 辰.长白山地不同地貌类型农田生态系统土壤动物群落特征及季节动态[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(06):972-977.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.06029]
 GUO Yumei,YIN Xiuqin,** & MA Chen.Characteristics and seasonal dynamics of the soil fauna community of farmland ecosystem in different landforms of Changbai Mountains*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(06):972-977.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.06029]
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长白山地不同地貌类型农田生态系统土壤动物群落特征及季节动态()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
22卷
期数:
2016年06期
页码:
972-977
栏目:
“生态系统的格局与恢复”专栏论文
出版日期:
2016-12-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Characteristics and seasonal dynamics of the soil fauna community of farmland ecosystem in different landforms of Changbai Mountains*
作者:
郭玉梅1 殷秀琴1 2** 马 辰1
1东北师范大学地理科学学院 长春 130024 2吉林省动物资源保护与利用重点实验室 长春 130024
Author(s):
GUO Yumei1 YIN Xiuqin1 2** & MA Chen1
1School of Geographical Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China 2Jilin Key Laboratory of Animal Resource Conservation and Utilization, Changchun 130024, China
关键词:
地貌类型农田生态系统土壤动物季节动态长白山地
Keywords:
landforms farmland ecosystem soil fauna seasonal dynamics Changbai Mountains
分类号:
S154.5 (23)
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.06029
摘要:
土壤动物对改善农田生态系统土壤生态环境、修复退化的生态功能起着不可替代的作用. 分别于2015年的春季、夏季和秋季对长白山地玄武岩台地、花岗岩低山区、花岗岩丘陵区玉米田的土壤动物进行研究. 其中大型土壤动物的获取采用手捡法,中小型土壤动物采用Tullgren分离. 结果表明:3次取样共获取土壤动物2 956只,计42类,隶属于3门7纲16目,甲螨亚目和等节跳虫科是各地貌类型共有的优势类群. 各地貌类型土壤动物个体密度和类群数均为花岗岩低山区最低;玄武岩台地土壤动物个体密度夏季最高,花岗岩低山区和花岗岩丘陵区秋季最高. 垂直分布上3个地貌类型土壤动物个体密度均具有表聚性,但花岗岩丘陵区表聚性不明显. 土壤动物多样性表现为花岗岩丘陵区最高,花岗岩低山区最低;春季、夏季花岗岩丘陵区土壤动物多样性最高,秋季各地貌类型土壤动物多样性差异并不显著. 本研究表明长白山地不同地貌类型农田生态系统土壤动物群落特征及季节动态存在显著差异. (图4 表3 参27)
Abstract:
As an important biological factor in soil, soil fauna play an important role in soil nutrient cycling and energy flow, and an irreplaceable role in improving the ecology and environment of farmland ecosystem for restoring the degraded ecological function. We researched the soil fauna in maize fields of Basalt Platform, Granite Low-mountain, and Granite Hill on the Changbai Mountains in spring, summer and autumn of 2015. Soil macrofanual were collected by hand, and modified Tullgren funnel extractors were used for collecting the soil mesofauna. We obtained 2 956 soil fauna, belonging to 3 phyla, 7 classes, 16 orders, 42 groups. Oribatida and Isotomidae were dominant groups in different landforms. In farmland ecosystem of Changbai Mountains, the individual density and group number of soil fauna in Granite Low-mountain was the lowest; the individual density of soil fauna in basalt platform reached the highest in summer, whereas the Granite low-mountain and Granite Hill were the highest in autumn. The individual density of soil fauna had a surface accumulation, but it was not obvious in Granite Hill. The diversity of soil fauna was the highest in the Granite Hill, and the lowest in the Granite Low-mountain. In spring and summer, soil fauna diversity in the Granite Hill was the highest, and that in the autumn showed no significant difference.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2016-12-30