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[1]谷鸿宇,诸葛斌,方慧英,等.渗透压调控启动子表达木糖醇脱氢酶基因XYL2对重组酿酒酵母木糖代谢的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(06):1122-1126.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.01035]
 GU Hongyu,ZHUGE Bin,et al.Effect of controlled overexpression of XYL2 coding for xyltiol dehydrogenase by osmo-responsive promoters on xylose metabolism in Saccharomyces cerevisiae[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(06):1122-1126.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.01035]
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渗透压调控启动子表达木糖醇脱氢酶基因XYL2对重组酿酒酵母木糖代谢的影响()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
22卷
期数:
2016年06期
页码:
1122-1126
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2016-12-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of controlled overexpression of XYL2 coding for xyltiol dehydrogenase by osmo-responsive promoters on xylose metabolism in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
作者:
谷鸿宇1 2 诸葛斌1 2 方慧英1 2** 宗 红2 陆信曜2 陈方林2 诸葛健2
1江南大学糖化学与生物技术教育部重点实验室 无锡 214122 2江南大学工业生物技术教育部重点实验室,生物工程学院,工业微生物研究中心 无锡 214122
Author(s):
GU Hongyu1 2 ZHUGE Bin1 2 FANG Huiying1 2** ZONG Hong2 LU Xinyao2 CHEN Fanglin2 & ZHUGE Jian2
1The Key Laboratory of Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China 2Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, Jiangnan University & Laboratory of Industrial Microorganisms, School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China
关键词:
渗透压调控启动子木糖醇脱氢酶渗透压酿酒酵母木糖
Keywords:
osmo-responsive promoter xylitol dehydrogenase osmotic pressure Saccharomyces cerevisiae xylose
分类号:
Q939.97
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.01035
摘要:
渗透压调控启动子在高底物浓度或盐类物质诱导下可实现目标基因的高表达和可控表达,因此可用于构建新的代谢工程菌株. 利用来源于可耐高渗的产甘油假丝酵母(Candida glycerinogenes)的渗透压调控启动子PCgSTL3、PCgZWF和PCgGPD,在酿酒酵母(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)中控制木糖醇脱氢酶基因XYL2的表达水平,并研究其在NaCl诱导下对木糖醇脱氢酶活性及重组酿酒酵母木糖代谢流的影响. 结果显示,以组成型强启动子PTPI为对照,添加0.4 mol/L NaCl作为渗透压诱导剂后,渗透压调控启动子控制下的木糖醇脱氢酶活性均得到增强,其中在PCgGPD控制下其活性变化最为明显,酶活提高了2.8倍. 同时,以PCgGPD控制XYL2基因表达的重组菌木糖消耗量、乙醇产量和产率均为最高,与无诱导剂相比分别提高了62.3%、30.7%和9.7%,副产物木糖醇产率最低,下降了53.3%. 本研究表明,渗透压调控启动子PCgGPD可显著提高木糖醇脱氢酶活性,通过添加NaCl作为渗透压诱导剂可实现对XYL2基因的可控表达,显著降低木糖醇积累,提高乙醇产率. (图4 表4 参15)
Abstract:
This research aimed to investigate the xylose metabolism in Saccharomyces cerevisiae with the xyltiol dehydrogenase gene XYL2 overexpressed at different levels by osmo-responsive promoters. Xylose-metabolizing strains were constructed by expressing the xylitol dehydrogenase gene XYL2 using osmo-responsive promoters PCgSTL3, PCgZWF and PCgGPD from Candida glycerinogenes in the multicopy plasmid pYX212. The activity of xylitol dehydrogenase and xylose-fermenting abilities of the recombination strains were measured. The recombinants with XYL2 gene expressed under osmo-responsive promoters were cultured with 0.4 mol/L NaCl as inducers. Increased activities of XDH were exhibited. The XDH activity of the recombinant SPG-xyl2 whose XYL2 was controlled by PCgGPD was approximately 2.8 times that of the recombinant whose XYL2 gene was expressed under PTPI. The strain SPG-xyl2 showed higher ethanol production (30.7%), ethanol yield (9.7%) and lower xylitol (53.3%) yield when cultivated in YPX with 0.4 mol/L NaCl. The results indicated that the XDH activity can be significantly improved by the overexpression of XYL2 gene using an osmo-responsive promoter PCgGPD. When the additional NaCl was added as osmo-inducer, the utilization of xylose was promoted with an increased?yield?of?ethanol as well as reduced accumulation of xylitol.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2016-12-30