|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]石 岩,明红霞 马玉娟 王 玥,常永凯,等.用肠球菌评价大连海水浴场人体健康风险[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(06):1161-1166.[doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.01007]
 SHI Yan,MING Hongxia,et al.Evaluating human health risk of Dalian marine bathing beaches by Enterococcus[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(06):1161-1166.[doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.01007]
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用肠球菌评价大连海水浴场人体健康风险()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
22卷
期数:
2016年06期
页码:
1161-1166
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2016-12-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Evaluating human health risk of Dalian marine bathing beaches by Enterococcus
作者:
石 岩1 2 明红霞1 马玉娟1 王 玥1 2 常永凯1 2 季凤云1 2 郭立梅1 2 关道明1 樊景凤1**
1国家海洋环境监测中心 大连 116023 2大连海洋大学水产与生命学院 大连 116023
Author(s):
SHI Yan1 2 MING Hongxia1 MA Yujuan1 WANG Yue1 2 CHANG Yongkai1 2 JI Fengyun12 GUO Limei1 2 GUAN Daoming1 & FAN Jingfeng1**
1National Marine Environmental Monitoring Center, Dalian 116023, China 2College of Fisheries and Life Science, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian 116023, China
关键词:
QMRA海水浴场肠球菌水质健康风险
Keywords:
QMRA bathing beach enterococcus water quality health risk.
分类号:
X820.4
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.01007
摘要:
通过监测泳季大连海水浴场中指示细菌——肠球菌浓度,应用定量微生物风险评价(Quantitative microbial risk assessment,QMRA)评估游泳人群患胃肠道疾病的潜在风险. 结果显示,旅游季节大连市内海水浴场男人、女人和儿童的风险分别为24.09‰、17.46‰和29.76‰,其中男人和儿童的娱乐风险已经超出了EPA规定的可接受日娱乐风险(19‰). 涨潮、降雨12 h内、游泳人群过于密集都将增加海水浴场娱乐者的潜在娱乐健康风险,涨潮情况下潜在感染风险约为落潮的8倍,雨后3种人群的平均潜在感染风险约为雨前的20倍. 因此有必要进行海水浴场的人体健康风险评估工作,本研究可为未来海水浴场健康风险预测和有效管理提供研究基础和科学依据. (图6 表2 参34)
Abstract:
Quantitative microbial risk assessment method (QMRA) has been widely used to analyze health risks for recreational activities at bathing beaches in western countries. However, QMRA is still scarcely used in assessing health risk of bacterial index in China. This research evaluated human health risk by using Enterococcus at bathing beaches in Dalian, China. Results showed that the average risk probabilities for men, women and children were 24.09‰, 17.46‰ and 29.76‰ respectively during the tourist season in Dalian. The recreational risk for men and children exceeded the acceptable threshold set by EPA (i.e. 19‰). Data obtained in this study indicated that tidal condition, rainfall and people density were the three major contributing factors that could increase health risk. This research suggests that it is quite necessary to evaluate heath risk for recreational people at marine bathing beaches, which can reduce the health risk for people during recreational activities.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2016-12-30